27,379 research outputs found

    Two-Loop Superstrings in Hyperelliptic Language III: the Four-Particle Amplitude

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    We compute explicitly the four-particle amplitude in superstring theories by using the hyperelliptic language and the newly obtained chiral measure of D'Hoker and Phong. Although the algebra of the intermediate steps is a little bit involved, we obtain a quite simple expression for the four-particle amplitude. As expected, the integrand is independent of all the insertion points. As an application of the obtained result, we show that the perturbative correction to the R4R^4 term in type II superstring theories is vanishing point-wise in (even) moduli space at two loops.Comment: v1, LaTex file, 33 pages; v2, 34 pages, add references and minor correction

    Bayesian Matrix Completion via Adaptive Relaxed Spectral Regularization

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    Bayesian matrix completion has been studied based on a low-rank matrix factorization formulation with promising results. However, little work has been done on Bayesian matrix completion based on the more direct spectral regularization formulation. We fill this gap by presenting a novel Bayesian matrix completion method based on spectral regularization. In order to circumvent the difficulties of dealing with the orthonormality constraints of singular vectors, we derive a new equivalent form with relaxed constraints, which then leads us to design an adaptive version of spectral regularization feasible for Bayesian inference. Our Bayesian method requires no parameter tuning and can infer the number of latent factors automatically. Experiments on synthetic and real datasets demonstrate encouraging results on rank recovery and collaborative filtering, with notably good results for very sparse matrices.Comment: Accepted to AAAI 201

    A De Giorgi Iteration-based Approach for the Establishment of ISS Properties for Burgers' Equation with Boundary and In-domain Disturbances

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    This note addresses input-to-state stability (ISS) properties with respect to (w.r.t.) boundary and in-domain disturbances for Burgers' equation. The developed approach is a combination of the method of De~Giorgi iteration and the technique of Lyapunov functionals by adequately splitting the original problem into two subsystems. The ISS properties in L2L^2-norm for Burgers' equation have been established using this method. Moreover, as an application of De~Giorgi iteration, ISS in L∞L^\infty-norm w.r.t. in-domain disturbances and actuation errors in boundary feedback control for a 1-DD {linear} {unstable reaction-diffusion equation} have also been established. It is the first time that the method of De~Giorgi iteration is introduced in the ISS theory for infinite dimensional systems, and the developed method can be generalized for tackling some problems on multidimensional spatial domains and to a wider class of nonlinear {partial differential equations (PDEs)Comment: This paper has been accepted for publication by IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control, and is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAC.2018.2880160. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1710.0991

    In-domain control of a heat equation: an approach combining zero-dynamics inverse and differential flatness

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    This paper addresses the set-point control problem of a heat equation with in-domain actuation. The proposed scheme is based on the framework of zero dynamics inverse combined with flat system control. Moreover, the set-point control is cast into a motion planing problem of a multiple-input, multiple-out system, which is solved by a Green's function-based reference trajectory decomposition. The validity of the proposed method is assessed through convergence and solvability analysis of the control algorithm. The performance of the developed control scheme and the viability of the proposed approach are confirmed by numerical simulation of a representative system.Comment: Preprint of an original research pape
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