1,654 research outputs found

    The Power Flow Angle of Acoustic Waves in Thin Piezoelectric Plates

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    The curves of slowness and power flow angle (PFA) of quasi-antisymmetric (A0) and quasi-symmetric (S0) Lamb waves as well as quasi-shear-horizontal (SH0) acoustic waves in thin plates of lithium niobate and potassium niobate of X-,Y-, and Z-cuts for various propagation directions and the influence of electrical shorting of one plate surface on these curves and PFA have been theoretically investigated. It has been found that the group velocity of such waves does not coincide with the phase velocity for the most directions of propagation. It has been also shown that S0 and SH0 wave are characterized by record high values of PFA and its change due to electrical shorting of the plate surface in comparison with surface and bulk acoustic waves in the same material. The most interesting results have been verified by experiment. As a whole, the results obtained may be useful for development of various devices for signal processing, for example, electrically controlled acoustic switchers

    Synthesis and molecular docking studies of coumarin-imidazole conjugates as potential antimicrobial agents

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    110-125One-pot multi-component synthesis of tri and tetra-substituted coumarin-imidazole conjugates have been achieved in good to excellent yield under conventional and microwave methods in optimized catalyst condition. Further, they have been evaluated for antimicrobial activity against Gram positive Bacillus flexus and Gram negative Pseudomonas Spp. bacterial strains and two strains of fungi Scopulariopsis spp. and Aspergillus tereus organisms. The results of microbial activity are promising against tested organisms. The molecular docking study has been performed for all the compounds and docking scores are excellent. Synthesized compounds have been characterized by IR, NMR, mass and a few of them by single crystal X-ray analysis

    Novel 1,2,4-triazole clubbed with 1,3,4-oxadiazole motifs as efficient antimicrobial agents from N-arylsydnone as synthon

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    1,2,4-Triazoles and 1,3,4-oxadiazoles independently are very important pharmacophores. In view of this, a new class of 1,2,4-triazole clubbed with 1,3,4-oxadiazole motifs have been prepared and characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectral analysis. Molecular docking of all the title compounds into S. aureus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (PDB: 1JIJ) and lanosterol 14α-demethylase complex with standard inhibitor Fluconazole (PDB: 3KHM) was performed which snugly fitted into the active site thus explaining their excellent inhibitory activity exhibiting their possible antibacterial and antifungal activity, respectively. Drug-likeliness, Drug score values and toxicity prediction analyses of all the title compounds have shown favourable values and these molecules belong to Class 4 and Class 5 categories which make them useful scaffolds. Interestingly, the compounds 7h, 7i, 7k, 7u and 7v have exhibited majestic antibacterial activity. Also, these compounds have shown antifungal activity against all pathogenic fungal strains with lower MIC value ranging from 0.50 - 4.00 ”g/mL

    Tetrazolylmethyl quinolines: design, docking studies, synthesis, anticancer and antifungal analyses

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    A new series of 2,5 and 1,5-regioisomers of the tetrazolyl group viz., 3-(5-benzyl/benzylthio-2H-tetrazol-2-yl) methyl-2-chloro-6-substituted quinoline 6h-q and 3-(5-benzyl/benzylthio-1H-tetrazol-1-yl) methyl-2-chloro-6-substituted quinolines 7h-q were synthesized. Docking studies of all these compounds with DNA as target using PDB: 1AU5 and 453D revealed that the compounds 6h and 6i act as covalent cross linker on the DNA helix of the former and intercalate the latter both with higher C score values. Another set of docking studies in the active pocket of dihydrofolate reductase and N-myristoyl transferase as targets to assess antifungal activity revealed that compounds 6k, 6l, 6p and 7q (with bromo and fluro substituents) showcases different binding modes and hydrogen bonding. Further, the compounds were screened for anticancer activity (primary cytotoxicity) against NCI-60 Human tumor cell line at a single high dose (10−5 M) concentration assay. Among the tested compounds, 6h has shown 99.28% of GI against Melanoma (SK-MEL-5) and compound 6i has shown 97.56% of GI against Breast Cancer (T-47D). Further, in vitro antifungal assay against A. fumigatus and C. albicans for these compounds 6h-q and 7h-q revealed potential to moderate activities as compared to the standard

    Synthesis, in vitro biological evaluation and molecular docking study of coumarin-1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives as potent anti-inflammatory agents 

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    The green chemistry approach provides for the synthesis of coumarin-1,4-dihydropyridine scaffolds 6a-o via sequential multicomponent reaction using catalytic amount of triethylamine (TEA). These new coumarin scaffolds have been successfully explored for the effective inflammatory as well as microbial infection inhibitors. The antimicrobial activity results of the title compounds have shown potent activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacterial, and fungal stains. Additionally, anti-inflammatory activity of all the compounds has been found to be quite promising in comparison with standard Diclofenac sodium. Furthermore, the in silico docking study has been performed for all the compounds with S. aureus DNA gyrase and cyclooxygenase-2 (PDB ID 4PH9). The computational results are in good agreement with the in vitro antibacterial and anti-inflammatory experimental results.

    Synthesis, in vitro biological evaluation and molecular docking study of coumarin-1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives as potent anti-inflammatory agents

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    418-432The green chemistry approach provides for the synthesis of coumarin-1,4-dihydropyridine scaffolds 6a-o via sequential multicomponent reaction using catalytic amount of triethylamine (TEA). These new coumarin scaffolds have been successfully explored for the effective inflammatory as well as microbial infection inhibitors. The antimicrobial activity results of the title compounds have shown potent activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacterial, and fungal stains. Additionally, anti-inflammatory activity of all the compounds has been found to be quite promising in comparison with standard Diclofenac sodium. Furthermore, the in silico docking study has been performed for all the compounds with S. aureus DNA gyrase and cyclooxygenase-2 (PDB ID 4PH9). The computational results are in good agreement with the in vitro antibacterial and anti-inflammatory experimental results

    The Top 100 questions for the sustainable intensification of agriculture in India’s rainfed drylands

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    India has the largest area of rainfed dryland agriculture globally, with a variety of distinct types of farming systems producing most of its coarse cereals, food legumes, minor millets, and large amounts of livestock. All these are vital for national and regional food and nutritional security. Yet, the rainfed drylands have been relatively neglected in mainstream agricultural and rural development policy. As a result, significant social-ecological challenges overlap in these landscapes: endemic poverty, malnutrition and land degradation. Sustainable intensification of dryland agriculture is essential for helping to address these challenges, particularly in the context of accelerating climate change. In this paper, we present 100 questions that point to the most important knowledge gaps and research priorities. If addressed, these would facilitate and inform sustainable intensification in Indian rainfed drylands, leading to improved agricultural production and enhanced ecosystem services. The horizon scanning method used to produce these questions brought together experts and practitioners involved in a broad range of disciplines and sectors. This exercise resulted in a consolidated set of questions covering the agricultural drylands, organized into 13 themes. Together, these represent a collective programme for new cross- and multi-disciplinary research on sustainable intensification in the Indian rainfed drylands

    Search for top squark pair production in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV using single lepton events

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    Peer reviewe

    Search for Evidence of the Type-III Seesaw Mechanism in Multilepton Final States in Proton-Proton Collisions at root s=13 TeV