1,523 research outputs found

    Wind power output prediction: a comparative study of extreme learning machine

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    This study aims to propose a wind power prediction method that achieves high accuracy in order to minimize the impact of wind power on the power system and reduce scheduling difficulties in systems incorporating wind power. The importance of developing renewable energy has been recognized by society due to the increasing severity of the energy crisis. Wind energy offers advantages such as efficiency, cleanliness, and ease of development. However, the random nature of wind energy poses challenges to power systems and complicates the scheduling process. Therefore, accurate wind power prediction is of utmost importance. A wind power prediction model was constructed based on an improved tunicate swarm algorithm–extreme learning machine (ITSA-ELM). The improved tunicate swarm algorithm (ITSA) optimizes the random parameters of extreme learning machine (ELM), resulting in the best prediction performance. ITSA is an enhancement of the tunicate swarm algorithm (TSA), which introduces a reverse learning mechanism, a non-linear self-learning factor, and a Cauchy mutation strategy to address the drawbacks of poor convergence and susceptibility to local optima in TSA. Two different scenarios were used to verify the effectiveness of ITSA-ELM. The results showed that ITSA-ELM has a decrease of 1.20% and 21.67% in MAPE, compared with TSA-ELM, in May and December, respectively. This study has significant implications for promoting the development of renewable energy and reducing scheduling difficulties in power systems

    Low distortion reversible database watermarking based on hybrid intelligent algorithm

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    In many fields, such as medicine and the computer industry, databases are vital in the process of information sharing. However, databases face the risk of being stolen or misused, leading to security threats such as copyright disputes and privacy breaches. Reversible watermarking techniques ensure the ownership of shared relational databases, protect the rights of data owners and enable the recovery of original data. However, most of the methods modify the original data to a large extent and cannot achieve a good balance between protection against malicious attacks and data recovery. In this paper, we proposed a robust and reversible database watermarking technique using a hash function to group digital relational databases, setting the data distortion and watermarking capacity of the band weight function, adjusting the weight of the function to determine the watermarking capacity and the level of data distortion, using firefly algorithms (FA) and simulated annealing algorithms (SA) to improve the efficiency of the search for the location of the watermark embedded and, finally, using the differential expansion of the way to embed the watermark. The experimental results prove that the method maintains the data quality and has good robustness against malicious attacks

    Practice on the Watershed Hydrological Experimental System Reconciling Deterministic and Stochastic Subjects Based on the System Complexity: 1. Theoretical Study

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    This is the first of a two-part series on the watershed hydrological experimental system (WHES). Since the foundational stage and developmental stage of hydrological basin study with a duration of more than ca. one century, facing with the changing environment and, the declined risk of field study while the catchment hydrology is trapped in a theoretical impasse, a third phase of renovation on hydrological experiments seems ready to come out inevitably. Learned from Chinese decades’ experiences on the field basin study for the question of what is wrong with the status quo, our exploratory idea is reported in this part. From the viewpoint of general system theory based on the paralleled concepts of the ancient Chinese and the Western, it is considered that the adequate method should face the characters of the complex dynamic system instead of previous static, linear system. From the viewpoint of another philosophical paralleled concept of the Middle Way, it should also face the operation and organizing of the mesoscopic systems for the organized complexity. Then, a framework of WHES is suggested with its organization based on the strategy of constrain complexity and add complexity and on the strategy of manipulation including the artificial-natural and controlled-natural objects. Such a trial framework, the Chuzhou WHES, is reported including the suggested critical zone experimental block (CZEB) instead of the experimental basin (EB) in the last decades

    Practices on the Watershed Hydrological Experimental System Reconciling Deterministic and Stochastic Subjects Based on the System Complexity: 2. Practice and Test

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    This is the second of a two-part series on the watershed hydrological experimental system (WHES) aimed at practice and test of it at Chuzhou Hydrology Laboratory. It constitutes both natural and artificial entities of different scales, within which two typical main subjects are reviewed here. First is a natural watershed Nandadish, which is subjected to be a Critical Zone Experimental Block, under manipulation strategy of constrain complexity to compare with the pure natural watersheds, it is the controlled-natural as we termed. Second is an artificial catchment Hydrohill, under the strategy of add complexity to compare with the simple artificial lysimeters, it is the artificial-natural as we termed. The constructions and instrumentations of these experimental catchments are reviewed, especially their renovation version during recent years after a long abandonment. Some results get during the operation of Chuzhou WHES are outlined here as well

    Contributions of Zea mays subspecies mexicana haplotypes to modern maize

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    Maize was domesticated from lowland teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis), but the contribution of highland teosinte (Zea mays ssp. mexicana, hereafter mexicana) to modern maize is not clear. Here, two genomes for Mo17 (a modern maize inbred) and mexicana are assembled using a meta-assembly strategy after sequencing of 10 lines derived from a maize-teosinte cross. Comparative analyses reveal a high level of diversity between Mo17, B73, and mexicana, including three Mb-size structural rearrangements. The maize spontaneous mutation rate is estimated to be 2.17 x 10(-8) ~3.87 x 10(-8) per site per generation with a nonrandom distribution across the genome. A higher deleterious mutation rate is observed in the pericentromeric regions, and might be caused by differences in recombination frequency. Over 10% of the maize genome shows evidence of introgression from the mexicana genome, suggesting that mexicana contributed to maize adaptation and improvement. Our data offer a rich resource for constructing the pan-genome of Zea mays and genetic improvement of modern maize varieties

    Performance of Detecting IgM Antibodies against Enterovirus 71 for Early Diagnosis

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    Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection is more likely to induce severe complications and mortality than other enteroviruses. Methods for detection of IgM antibody against EV71 had been established for years, however, the performance of the methods in the very early diagnosis of EV71 infection had not been fully evaluated, which is especially meaningful because of the short incubation period of EV71 infection. In this report, the performance of an IgM anti-EV71 assay was evaluated using acute sera collected from 165 EV71 infected patients, 165 patients infected with other enteroviruses, and more than 2,000 sera from healthy children or children with other infected diseases. The results showed a 90% sensitivity in 20 patients who were in their first illness day, and similar sensitivity remained till 4 days after onset. After then the sensitivity increased to 95% to 100% for more than one month. The specificity of the assay in non-HFMD children is 99.1% (95% CI: 98.6–99.4), similar as the 99.9% specificity in healthy adults. The cross-reaction rate in patients infected with other non-EV71 enteroviruses was 11.4%. In conclusion, the data here presented show that the detection of IgM anti-EV71 by ELISA affords a reliable, convenient, and prompt diagnosis of EV71 infection

    Evaluation of Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Vicagrel, a Novel P2Y12 Antagonist, in Healthy Chinese Volunteers

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    Background: Vicagrel is a novel anti-platelet drug and hydrolyzed to the same intermediate as clopidogrel via esterase, instead of CYP2C19. Here we report the first clinical trial on the tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of different doses of vicagrel, and comparison with clopidogrel in healthy Chinese volunteers.Methods: This study was conducted in two parts. Study I was a dose-escalating (5–15 mg) study. For each dose, 15 participants were randomized into three groups (total n = 45); nine participants were given vicagrel, three were given clopidogrel, and three were given a placebo. Study II was conducted to assess interactions between vicagrel and aspirin in 15 healthy participants. The plasma concentrations of the metabolites of vicagrel and clopidogrel were determined using a LC-MS/MS method. Platelet aggregation was assessed using the VerifyNow-P2Y12 assay.Results: Vicagrel (5–15 mg per day) dosing for 10 days or addition of aspirin was well tolerated in healthy volunteers. The exposure of the active metabolite increased proportionally across the dose range and was higher (~10-fold) than clopidogrel. The levels of IPA dosing 75 mg clopidogrel were between the responses of 5 mg and 10 mg vicagrel. After a single loading dose of vicagrel (30 mg) and a once-daily maintenance dose (7.5 mg) for 8 days, the maximum inhibition of platelet aggregation was similar to that seen with the combined use of vicagrel and aspirin (100 mg/day).Conclusion: Oral vicagrel demonstrated a favorable safety profile and excellent anti-platelet activity, which could be a promising P2Y12 antagonist as anti-platelet drug and can be further developed in phase II/III studies, and marketing for the unmet medical needs of cardiovascular diseases. The study was registered at http://www.chictr.org.cn (ChiCTR-IIR-16009260)

    The DArk Matter Particle Explorer mission

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    The DArk Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), one of the four scientific space science missions within the framework of the Strategic Pioneer Program on Space Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is a general purpose high energy cosmic-ray and gamma-ray observatory, which was successfully launched on December 17th, 2015 from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The DAMPE scientific objectives include the study of galactic cosmic rays up to 10\sim 10 TeV and hundreds of TeV for electrons/gammas and nuclei respectively, and the search for dark matter signatures in their spectra. In this paper we illustrate the layout of the DAMPE instrument, and discuss the results of beam tests and calibrations performed on ground. Finally we present the expected performance in space and give an overview of the mission key scientific goals.Comment: 45 pages, including 29 figures and 6 tables. Published in Astropart. Phy

    Measurement of azimuthal asymmetries in inclusive charged dipion production in e+ee^+e^- annihilations at s\sqrt{s} = 3.65 GeV

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    We present a measurement of the azimuthal asymmetries of two charged pions in the inclusive process e+eππXe^+e^-\rightarrow \pi\pi X based on a data set of 62 pb1\rm{pb}^{-1} at the center-of-mass energy s=3.65\sqrt{s}=3.65 GeV collected with the BESIII detector. These asymmetries can be attributed to the Collins fragmentation function. We observe a nonzero asymmetry, which increases with increasing pion momentum. As our energy scale is close to that of the existing semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering experimental data, the measured asymmetries are important inputs for the global analysis of extracting the quark transversity distribution inside the nucleon and are valuable to explore the energy evolution of the spin-dependent fragmentation function.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Observation and study of the decay J/ψϕηηJ/\psi\rightarrow\phi\eta\eta'

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    We report the observation and study of the decay J/ψϕηηJ/\psi\rightarrow\phi\eta\eta' using 1.3×1091.3\times{10^9} J/ψJ/\psi events collected with the BESIII detector. Its branching fraction, including all possible intermediate states, is measured to be (2.32±0.06±0.16)×104(2.32\pm0.06\pm0.16)\times{10^{-4}}. We also report evidence for a structure, denoted as XX, in the ϕη\phi\eta' mass spectrum in the 2.02.12.0-2.1 GeV/c2c^2 region. Using two decay modes of the η\eta' meson (γπ+π\gamma\pi^+\pi^- and ηπ+π\eta\pi^+\pi^-), a simultaneous fit to the ϕη\phi\eta' mass spectra is performed. Assuming the quantum numbers of the XX to be JP=1J^P = 1^-, its significance is found to be 4.4σ\sigma, with a mass and width of (2002.1±27.5±21.4)(2002.1 \pm 27.5 \pm 21.4) MeV/c2c^2 and (129±17±9)(129 \pm 17 \pm 9) MeV, respectively, and a product branching fraction B(J/ψηX)×B(Xϕη)=(9.8±1.2±1.7)×105\mathcal{B}(J/\psi\rightarrow\eta{}X)\times{}\mathcal{B}(X\rightarrow\phi\eta')=(9.8 \pm 1.2 \pm 1.7)\times10^{-5}. Alternatively, assuming JP=1+J^P = 1^+, the significance is 3.8σ\sigma, with a mass and width of (2062.8±13.1±7.2)(2062.8 \pm 13.1 \pm 7.2) MeV/c2c^2 and (177±36±35)(177 \pm 36 \pm 35) MeV, respectively, and a product branching fraction B(J/ψηX)×B(Xϕη)=(9.6±1.4±2.0)×105\mathcal{B}(J/\psi\rightarrow\eta{}X)\times{}\mathcal{B}(X\rightarrow\phi\eta')=(9.6 \pm 1.4 \pm 2.0)\times10^{-5}. The angular distribution of J/ψηXJ/\psi\rightarrow\eta{}X is studied and the two JPJ^P assumptions of the XX cannot be clearly distinguished due to the limited statistics. In all measurements the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures and 4 table
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