784 research outputs found

    Beam Performance Optimization of Multibeam Imaging Sonar Based on the Hybrid Algorithm of Binary Particle Swarm Optimization and Convex Optimization

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    It should be noted that the peak sidelobe level (PSLL) significantly influences the performance of the multibeam imaging sonar. Although a great amount of work has been done to suppress the PSLL of the array, one can verify that these methods do not provide optimal results when applied to the case of multiple patterns. In order to suppress the PSLL for multibeam imaging sonar array, a hybrid algorithm of binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) and convex optimization is proposed in this paper. In this algorithm, the PSLL of multiple patterns is taken as the optimization objective. BPSO is considered as a global optimization algorithm to determine best common elements’ positions and convex optimization is considered as a local optimization algorithm to optimize elements’ weights, which guarantees the complete match of the two factors. At last, simulations are carried out to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in this paper. Results show that, for a sparse semicircular array with multiple patterns, the hybrid algorithm can obtain a lower PSLL compared with existing methods and it consumes less calculation time in comparison with other hybrid algorithms

    Missile-Borne SAR Raw Signal Simulation for Maneuvering Target

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    SAR raw signal simulation under the case of maneuver and high-speed has been a challenging and urgent work recently. In this paper, a new method based on one-dimensional fast Fourier transform (1DFFT) algorithm is presented for raw signal simulation of maneuvering target for missile-borne SAR. Firstly, SAR time-domain raw signal model is given and an effective Range Frequency Azimuth Time (RFAT) algorithm based on 1DFFT is derived. In this algorithm, the “Stop and Go” (SaG) model is adopted and the wide radar scattering characteristic of target is taken into account. Furthermore, the “Inner Pulse Motion” (IPM) model is employed to deal with high-speed case. This new RFAT method can handle the maneuvering cases, high-speed cases, and bistatic radar cases, which are all possible in the missile-borne SAR. Besides, this raw signal simulation adopts the electromagnetic scattering calculation so that we do not need a scattering rate distribution map as the simulation input. Thus, the multiple electromagnetic reflections can be considered. Simulation examples prove the effectiveness of our method

    A Fast Algorithm of Generalized Radon-Fourier Transform for Weak Maneuvering Target Detection

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    The generalized Radon-Fourier transform (GRFT) has been proposed to detect radar weak maneuvering targets by realizing coherent integration via jointly searching in motion parameter space. Two main drawbacks of GRFT are the heavy computational burden and the blind speed side lobes (BSSL) which will cause serious false alarms. The BSSL learning-based particle swarm optimization (BPSO) has been proposed before to reduce the computational burden of GRFT and solve the BSSL problem simultaneously. However, the BPSO suffers from an apparent loss in detection performance compared with GRFT. In this paper, a fast implementation algorithm of GRFT using the BSSL learning-based modified wind-driven optimization (BMWDO) is proposed. In the BMWDO, the BSSL learning procedure is also used to deal with the BSSL phenomenon. Besides, the MWDO adjusts the coefficients in WDO with Levy distribution and uniform distribution, and it outperforms PSO in a noisy environment. Compared with BPSO, the proposed method can achieve better detection performance with a similar computational cost. Several numerical experiments are also provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method

    Event-Centric Query Expansion in Web Search

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    In search engines, query expansion (QE) is a crucial technique to improve search experience. Previous studies often rely on long-term search log mining, which leads to slow updates and is sub-optimal for time-sensitive news searches. In this work, we present Event-Centric Query Expansion (EQE), a novel QE system that addresses these issues by mining the best expansion from a significant amount of potential events rapidly and accurately. This system consists of four stages, i.e., event collection, event reformulation, semantic retrieval and online ranking. Specifically, we first collect and filter news headlines from websites. Then we propose a generation model that incorporates contrastive learning and prompt-tuning techniques to reformulate these headlines to concise candidates. Additionally, we fine-tune a dual-tower semantic model to function as an encoder for event retrieval and explore a two-stage contrastive training approach to enhance the accuracy of event retrieval. Finally, we rank the retrieved events and select the optimal one as QE, which is then used to improve the retrieval of event-related documents. Through offline analysis and online A/B testing, we observe that the EQE system significantly improves many metrics compared to the baseline. The system has been deployed in Tencent QQ Browser Search and served hundreds of millions of users. The dataset and baseline codes are available at https://open-event-hub.github.io/eqe .Comment: ACL 2023 Industry Trac

    Low distortion reversible database watermarking based on hybrid intelligent algorithm

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    In many fields, such as medicine and the computer industry, databases are vital in the process of information sharing. However, databases face the risk of being stolen or misused, leading to security threats such as copyright disputes and privacy breaches. Reversible watermarking techniques ensure the ownership of shared relational databases, protect the rights of data owners and enable the recovery of original data. However, most of the methods modify the original data to a large extent and cannot achieve a good balance between protection against malicious attacks and data recovery. In this paper, we proposed a robust and reversible database watermarking technique using a hash function to group digital relational databases, setting the data distortion and watermarking capacity of the band weight function, adjusting the weight of the function to determine the watermarking capacity and the level of data distortion, using firefly algorithms (FA) and simulated annealing algorithms (SA) to improve the efficiency of the search for the location of the watermark embedded and, finally, using the differential expansion of the way to embed the watermark. The experimental results prove that the method maintains the data quality and has good robustness against malicious attacks

    Timing of Maximal Weight Reduction Following Bariatric Surgery: A Study in Chinese Patients

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    Introduction: Bariatric surgery is a well-received treatment for obesity with maximal weight loss at 12–36 months postoperatively. We investigated the effect of early bariatric surgery on weight reduction of Chinese patients in accordance with their preoperation characteristics. Materials and Methods: Altogether, 409 patients with obesity from a prospective cohort in a single bariatric center were enrolled retrospectively and evaluated for up to 4 years. Measurements obtained included surgery type, duration of diabetic condition, besides the usual body mass index data tuple. Weight reduction was expressed as percent total weight loss (%TWL) and percent excess weight loss (%EWL). Results: RYGB or SG were performed laparoscopically without mortality or complications. BMI generally plateaued at 12 months, having decreased at a mean of 8.78 kg/m2. Successful weight loss of \u3e 25% TWL was achieved by 35.16, 49.03, 39.22, 27.74, 20.83% of patients at 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months after surgery. Overall, 52.91% of our patients had lost 100% of their excess weight at 12 months, although there was a rather wide range among individuals. Similar variability was revealed in women of child-bearing age. Conclusion: Chinese patients undergoing bariatric surgery tend to achieve maximal weight loss and stabilization between 12 and 24 months postoperatively, instead of at \u3e 2 years. The finding of the shorter stabilization interval has importance to earlier intervention of weight loss related conditions and women\u27s conception planning

    Federated learning of wireless network experience anomalies using consumer sentiment

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    In wireless networks, consumer experience is important for both short monitoring of the Quality of Experience (QoE) as well as long term customer retainment. Current 4G and 5G networks are not equipped to measure QoE in an automated way, and experience is still reported through traditional customer care and drive-testing. In recent years, large-scale social media analytics has enabled researchers to gather statistically significant data on consumer experience and correlate them to major events such as social celebrations or significant network outages. However, the translational pathway from languages to topic-specific emotions (e.g., sentiment) to detecting anomalies in QoE is challenging. This challenge lies in two issues: (1) the social experience data remains sparsely distributed across space, and (2) anomalies in experience jump across sub-topic spaces (e.g., from data rate to signal strength). Here, we solved these two challenges by examining the spectral space of experience across topics using federated learning (FL) to identify anomalies. This can inform telecom operators to pay attention to potential network demand or supply issues in real time using relatively sparse and distributed data. We use real social media data curated for our telecommunication projects across London and the United Kingdom to demonstrate our results. FL was able to achieve 74-92% QoE anomaly detection accuracy, with the benefit of 30-45% reduce data transfer and preserving privacy better than raw data transfer.European Union funding: 77830
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