23,934 research outputs found

    Single-photon transport in a one dimentional waveguide coupling to a hybrid atom-optomechanical system

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    We explore theoretically the single-photon transport in a single-mode waveguide that is coupled to a hybrid atom-optomechanical system in a strong optomechanical coupling regime. Using a full quantum real-space approach, transmission and reflection coefficients of the propagating single-photon in the waveguide are ob- tained. The influences of atom-cavity detuning and the dissipation of atom on the transport are also studied. Intriguingly, the obtained spectral features can reveal the strong light-matter interaction in this hybrid system.Comment: 7pages, 8figure

    Relaxed 2-D Principal Component Analysis by LpL_p Norm for Face Recognition

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    A relaxed two dimensional principal component analysis (R2DPCA) approach is proposed for face recognition. Different to the 2DPCA, 2DPCA-L1L_1 and G2DPCA, the R2DPCA utilizes the label information (if known) of training samples to calculate a relaxation vector and presents a weight to each subset of training data. A new relaxed scatter matrix is defined and the computed projection axes are able to increase the accuracy of face recognition. The optimal LpL_p-norms are selected in a reasonable range. Numerical experiments on practical face databased indicate that the R2DPCA has high generalization ability and can achieve a higher recognition rate than state-of-the-art methods.Comment: 19 pages, 11 figure

    On the Convergence of Ritz Pairs and Refined Ritz Vectors for Quadratic Eigenvalue Problems

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    For a given subspace, the Rayleigh-Ritz method projects the large quadratic eigenvalue problem (QEP) onto it and produces a small sized dense QEP. Similar to the Rayleigh-Ritz method for the linear eigenvalue problem, the Rayleigh-Ritz method defines the Ritz values and the Ritz vectors of the QEP with respect to the projection subspace. We analyze the convergence of the method when the angle between the subspace and the desired eigenvector converges to zero. We prove that there is a Ritz value that converges to the desired eigenvalue unconditionally but the Ritz vector converges conditionally and may fail to converge. To remedy the drawback of possible non-convergence of the Ritz vector, we propose a refined Ritz vector that is mathematically different from the Ritz vector and is proved to converge unconditionally. We construct examples to illustrate our theory.Comment: 20 page

    Tunable one-dimensional microwave emissions from cyclic-transition three-level atoms

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    By strongly driving a cyclic-transition three-level artificial atom, demonstrated by such as a flux-based superconducting circuit, we show that coherent microwave signals can be excited along a coupled one-dimensional transmission line. Typically, the intensity of the generated microwave is tunable via properly adjusting the Rabi frequencies of the applied strong-driving fields or introducing a probe field with the same frequency. In practice, the system proposed here could work as an on-chip quantum device with controllable atom-photon interaction to implement a total-reflecting mirror or switch for the propagating probe field.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    A Statistical Study of GRB X-ray Flares: Evidence of Ubiquitous Bulk Acceleration in the Emission Region

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    When emission in a conical relativistic jet ceases abruptly (or decays sharply), the observed decay light curve is controlled by the high-latitude "curvature effect". Recently, Uhm & Zhang found that the decay slopes of three GRB X-ray flares are steeper than what the standard model predicts. This requires bulk acceleration of the emission region, which is consistent with a Poynting-flux-dominated outflow. In this paper, we systematically analyze a sample of 85 bright X-ray flares detected in 63 Swift GRBs, and investigate the relationship between the temporal decay index α\alpha and spectral index β\beta during the steep decay phase of these flares. The α\alpha value depends on the choice of the zero time point t0t_0. We adopt two methods. "Method I" takes t0It_0^I as the first rising data point of each flare, and is the most conservative approach. We find that at 99.9% condifence level 56/85 flares have decay slopes steeper than the simplest curvature effect prediction, and therefore, are in the acceleration regime. "Method II" extrapolates the rising light curve of each flare backwards until the flux density is three orders of magnitude lower than the peak flux density, and defines the corresponding time as the time zero point (t_0^II). We find that 74/85 flares fall into the acceleration regime at 99.9% condifence level. This suggests that bulk acceleration is common, may be even ubiquitous among X-ray flares, pointing towards a Poynting-flux-dominated jet composition for these events.Comment: 68 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables, ApJS, in pres

    Gain without inversion in quantum systems with broken parities

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    For a quantum system with broken parity symmetry, selection rules can not hold and cyclic transition structures are generated. With these loop-transitions we discuss how to achieve inversionless gain of the probe field by properly setting the control and auxiliary fields. Possible implementations of our generic proposal with specific physical objects with broken parities, e.g., superconducting circuits and chiral molecules, are also discussed.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure
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