47,701 research outputs found

    Measurement of the rapidity-even dipolar flow in Pb-Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector

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    The rapidity-even dipolar flow v1 associated with dipole asymmetry in the initial geometry is measured over a broad range in transverse momentum 0.5 GeV<pT<9 GeV, and centrality (0-50)% in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=2.76 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The v1 coefficient is determined via a two-component fit of the first order Fourier coefficient, v_{1,1}= cos \Delta\phi, of two-particle correlations in azimuthal angle \Delta\phi=\phi_a-\phi_b as a function of pT^a and pT^b. This fit is motivated by the finding that the pT dependence of v_{1,1}(pT^a,pT^b) data are consistent with the combined contributions from a rapidity-even v1 and global momentum conservation. The magnitude of the extracted momentum conservation component suggests that the system conserving momentum involves only a subset of the event (spanning about 3 units in \eta in central collisions). The extracted v1 is observed to cross zero at pT~1.0 GeV, reaches a maximum at 4-5 GeV with a value comparable to that for v3, and decreases at higher pT. Interestingly, the magnitude of v1 at high pT exceeds the value of the v3 in all centrality interval and exceeds the value of v2 in central collisions. This behavior suggests that the path-length dependence of energy loss and initial dipole asymmetry from fluctuations corroborate to produce a large dipolar anisotropy for high pT hadrons, making the v1 a valuable probe for studying the jet quenching phenomena.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures. Proceedings for the 28th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics, Dorado Del Mar, Puerto Rico, United States Of America, 7 - 14 Apr 201

    Remark on the open string pair production enhancement

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    Recent studies by one of the present authors along with his collaborators in [1-4] show that there exist the so-called open string pair production for a possible simplest system of two Dp branes, placed parallel at a separation and with each carrying different electric flux, in Type II superstring theories. Further this pair production can be greatly enhanced when a magnetic flux, sharing no common field strength index with the electric one, is added, implying then p3p \ge 3. Given this, one may wonder if further enhancement can be achieved by adding more magnetic flux(es) in a similar fashion. In this paper, we explore this possibility. It turns out that adding more such magnetic flux diminishes rather than enhances the pair production rate. This actually implies that the largest enhancement occurs at p=3p = 3 when the same realistic electric and magnetic fluxes are applied for all p3p \ge 3. Curiously one of D3 branes may be our own world and if so, the enhancement gives a possible opportunity to detect the pair production, therefore to test the underlying string theories.Comment: 14 pages, 0 figure

    Distributed data fusion algorithms for inertial network systems

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    New approaches to the development of data fusion algorithms for inertial network systems are described. The aim of this development is to increase the accuracy of estimates of inertial state vectors in all the network nodes, including the navigation states, and also to improve the fault tolerance of inertial network systems. An analysis of distributed inertial sensing models is presented and new distributed data fusion algorithms are developed for inertial network systems. The distributed data fusion algorithm comprises two steps: inertial measurement fusion and state fusion. The inertial measurement fusion allows each node to assimilate all the inertial measurements from an inertial network system, which can improve the performance of inertial sensor failure detection and isolation algorithms by providing more information. The state fusion further increases the accuracy and enhances the integrity of the local inertial states and navigation state estimates. The simulation results show that the two-step fusion procedure overcomes the disadvantages of traditional inertial sensor alignment procedures. The slave inertial nodes can be accurately aligned to the master node

    Exclusive Decay of 11^{--} Quarkonia and BcB_c Meson into a Lepton Pair Combined with Two Pions

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    We study the exclusive decay of J/ΨJ/\Psi, Υ\Upsilon and BcB_c into a lepton pair combined with two pions in the two kinematic regions. One is specified by the two pions having large momenta, but a small invariant mass. The other is specified by the two pions having small momenta. In both cases we find that in the heavy quark limit the decay amplitude takes a factorized form, in which the nonperturbative effect related to heavy meson is represented by a NRQCD matrix element. The nonperturbative effects related to the two pions are represented by some universal functions characterizing the conversion of gluons into the pions. Using models for these universal functions and chiral perturbative theory we are able to obtain numerical predictions for the decay widths. Our numerical results show that the decay of \jpsi is at order of 10510^{-5} with reasonable cuts and can be observed at BES II and the proposed BES III and CLEO-C. For other decays the branching ratio may be too small to be measured.Comment: 19 pages, Latex 2e file, 12 EPS figures (included). Replaced with version to appear in Eur. Phys. J. C,published online: 8 May 200

    Efficient algorithm for mobile multicast using anycast group

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    The authors present a novel and efficient multicast algorithm that aims to reduce delay and communication cost for the registration between mobile nodes and mobility agents and solicitation for foreign agent services based on the mobile IP. The protocol applies anycast group technology to support multicast transmissions for both mobile nodes and home/foreign agents. Mobile hosts use anycast tunnelling to connect to the nearest available home/foreign agent where an agent is able to forward the multicast messages by selecting an anycast route to a multicast router so as to reduce the end-to-end delay. The performance analysis and experiments demonstrated that the proposed algorithm is able to enhance the performance over existing remote subscription and bidirectional tunnelling approaches regardless of the locations of mobile nodes/hosts<br /

    On 1/4 BPS ((F, D1), (NS5, D5)) bound states of type IIB string theory

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    We construct two new SL(2,Z) invariant vacua of type IIB string theory which are bound states of (p,q)(p,q) strings with (m,n)(m,n) 5-branes, written as ((F, D1), (NS5, D5)) and preserve 1/4 of the full space-time supersymmetries. For the first case, the strings live inside the 5-brane world-volume and in the second case the strings are perpendicular to the 5-brane world-volume. In the first case, naively one would expect an attractive interaction between the strings and the 5-branes due to attractive force between F and D5 and also between D1 and NS5. We find that 1/4 BPS bound state exists only when the vacuum moduli satisfy certain condition which is found to be consistent with the no-force condition between the branes. No such complication arises for the second case. The tension formulae and the various other descendant states which can be obtained by the application of T-duality for both these bound states are discussed.Comment: 22 pages, 1 table, minor changes and one reference added, the version to appear in JHE