55 research outputs found

    Analysis and design optimization of an improved axially magnetized tubular permanent-magnet machine

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    This paper describes the analysis and design optimization of an improved axially magnetized tubular permanent-magnet machine. Compared with a conventional axially magnetized tubular machine, it has a higher specific force capability and requires less permanent-magnet material. The magnetic field distribution is established analytically in the cylindrical coordinate system, and the results are validated by finite-element analyses. The analytical field solution allows the analytical prediction of the thrust force and back-electromotive force (emf) in closed forms, which, in turn, facilitates the characterization of a machine, and provides a basis for design optimization and system dynamic modeling

    Full-field pulsed-magneto-photoelasticity - a description of the instrument

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    This paper describes a novel instrument used for the analysis of full-field through-thickness stress distributions using the theory of magneto-photoelasticity (MPE) developed by Aben and Clarke et al. [ , , ]. MPE is an experimental stress analysis technique which involves the application of a magnetic field parallel to an electromagnetic wave propagating through a birefringent model within a polariscope. The effect viewed through the polariscope is then a combination of the model’s birefringence and the Faraday rotation created in the model by the magnetic field. Aben developed this technique especially for use in the measurement of stress profiles where the integrated photoelastic pattern alone yields little information. Clarke et al. developed MPE in order to study toughened glass. To date, the technique of MPE has been a single-point measurement and this is of limited utility in the investigation of 3D stress in toughened glasses. The pulsed-magneto-polariscope (PMP), described here, enables the full-field application of MPE. This paper contains a description of the novel apparatus, and demonstrations used to validate the performance of a proof-of-concept PMP instrument. The paper also highlights improvements in the application of MPE which are now possible with this new equipment. These improvements include the extension of MPE to larger areas of analysis, 3D stress analysis and the possibility of analysing a general unknown stress distribution

    A general framework for the analysis and design of tubular linear permanent magnet machines

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    A general framework for the analysis and design of a class of tubular linear permanent magnet machines is described. The open-circuit and armature reaction magnetic field distributions are established analytically in terms of a magnetic vector potential and cylindrical coordinate formulation, and the results are validated extensively by comparison with finite element analyses. The analytical field solutions allow the prediction of the thrust force, the winding emf, and the self- and mutual-winding inductances in closed forms. These facilitate the characterization of tubular machine topologies and provide a basis for comparative studies, design optimization, and machine dynamic modeling. Some practical issues, such as the effects of slotting and fringing, have also been accounted for and validated by measurement

    A novel spherical actuator: Design and control

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    The paper describes the design and control of a novel spherical permanent magnet actuator which is capable of two-degrees-freedom and a high specific torque. Based on an analytical actuator model, an optimal design procedure is developed to yield maximum output torque or maximum system acceleration for a given payload. The control of the actuator, whose dynamics are similar to those of robotic manipulators, is facilitated by the establishment of a complete actuation system model. A robust control law is applied, and its effectiveness is demonstrated by computer simulatio

    Fringing in tubular permanent-magnet machines: Part II. Cogging force and its minimization

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    In Part I of the paper, analytical field solutions, which account for the fringing flux associated with the finite length of the ferromagnetic armature core in tubular permanent-magnet machines, are established. In Part II, the technique is applied to both slotless and slotted machines, and the results are verified by finite-element calculations. The analytical field solutions enable the resultant cogging force associated with the finite length of the armature to be determined as a function of the armature displacement, for both radially and Halbach magnetized stators. Thus, they not only provide an effective means for evaluating the influence of leading design parameters on the cogging force waveform, but also facilitate its minimization

    Design of a miniature permanent-magnet generator and energy storage system

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    The paper describes a methodology for optimizing the design and performance of a miniature permanent-magnet generator and its associated energy storage system. It combines an analytical field model, a lumped reluctance equivalent magnetic circuit, and an equivalent electrical circuit. Its utility is demonstrated by means of a case study on a 15-mW, 6000-r/min generator, and the analysis techniques are validated by measurements on a prototype system

    A low-power, linear, permanent-magnet generator/energy storage system

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    This paper describes the design, analysis and characterization of a linear permanent magnet generator and capacitive energy storage system for generating electrical power from a single stroke of a salient-pole armature. It is suitable for applications that require relatively low levels of electrical power, such as remote electronic locks. An electromagnetic analysis of the generator is described, and a design optimization methodology for the system is presented. Finally, the performance of a prototype is validated against measurement

    A novel spherical permanent magnet actuator with three degrees-of-freedom

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    The paper describes a new version of spherical actuator, which is capable of three degrees-of-freedom and a high specific torque. The three-dimensional magnetic field distribution is established using an analytical technique formulated in spherical co-ordinates, and enables the torque vector and back-emf to be derived in closed forms. This facilitates the characterisation of the actuator, and provides the foundation for design optimisation, actuator dynamic modelling and servo control developmen

    Powder alignment system for anisotropic bonded NdFeB Halbach cylinders

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    A Halbach cylinder, fabricated from pre-magnetized sintered NdFeB magnet segments, is proposed for the powder aligning system during the compression or injection moulding of anisotropic bonded Halbach oriented NdFeB ring magnets. The influence of leading design parameters of the powder aligning system, viz. the number of magnet segments per pole, their axial length and radial thickness, and their clearance from the mould, is investigated by finite element analysis, and validated experimentall

    Analysis of anisotropic bonded NdFeB Halbach cylinders accounting for partial powder alignment

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    An analytical technique is developed for predicting the performance of a bonded Halbach oriented anisotropic magnet, with due account of partial alignment of the NdFeB powder during injection molding. The predicted performance of a 12-pole injection molded, Halbach oriented magnet is compared with measuremen
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