133 research outputs found

    Reliability of rank order in sampled networks

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    In complex scale-free networks, ranking the individual nodes based upon their importance has useful applications, such as the identification of hubs for epidemic control, or bottlenecks for controlling traffic congestion. However, in most real situations, only limited sub-structures of entire networks are available, and therefore the reliability of the order relationships in sampled networks requires investigation. With a set of randomly sampled nodes from the underlying original networks, we rank individual nodes by three centrality measures: degree, betweenness, and closeness. The higher-ranking nodes from the sampled networks provide a relatively better characterisation of their ranks in the original networks than the lower-ranking nodes. A closeness-based order relationship is more reliable than any other quantity, due to the global nature of the closeness measure. In addition, we show that if access to hubs is limited during the sampling process, an increase in the sampling fraction can in fact decrease the sampling accuracy. Finally, an estimation method for assessing sampling accuracy is suggested

    Mean-field theory for scale-free random networks

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    Random networks with complex topology are common in Nature, describing systems as diverse as the world wide web or social and business networks. Recently, it has been demonstrated that most large networks for which topological information is available display scale-free features. Here we study the scaling properties of the recently introduced scale-free model, that can account for the observed power-law distribution of the connectivities. We develop a mean-field method to predict the growth dynamics of the individual vertices, and use this to calculate analytically the connectivity distribution and the scaling exponents. The mean-field method can be used to address the properties of two variants of the scale-free model, that do not display power-law scaling.Comment: 19 pages, 6 figure

    Inhomogeneous substructures hidden in random networks

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    We study the structure of the load-based spanning tree (LST) that carries the maximum weight of the Erdos-Renyi (ER) random network. The weight of an edge is given by the edge-betweenness centrality, the effective number of shortest paths through the edge. We find that the LSTs present very inhomogeneous structures in contrast to the homogeneous structures of the original networks. Moreover, it turns out that the structure of the LST changes dramatically as the edge density of an ER network increases, from scale free with a cutoff, scale free, to a starlike topology. These would not be possible if the weights are randomly distributed, which implies that topology of the shortest path is correlated in spite of the homogeneous topology of the random network.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure
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