18,537 research outputs found

    Charge Transfer Fluctuations as a QGP Signal

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    In this study, we analyze the recently proposed charge transfer fluctuations within a finite pseudo-rapidity space. As the charge transfer fluctuation is a measure of the local charge correlation length, it is capable of detecting inhomogeneity in the hot and dense matter created by heavy ion collisions. We predict that going from peripheral to central collisions, the charge transfer fluctuations at midrapidity should decrease substantially while the charge transfer fluctuations at the edges of the observation window should decrease by a small amount. These are consequences of having a strongly inhomogeneous matter where the QGP component is concentrated around midrapidity. We also show how to constrain the values of the charge correlations lengths in both the hadronic phase and the QGP phase using the charge transfer fluctuations. Current manuscript is based on the preprints hep-ph/0503085 (to appear in Physical Review C) and nucl-th/0506025.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of 18th International Conference on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: Quark Matter 2005 (QM 2005), Budapest, Hungary, 4-9 Aug 200

    Event-by-event fluctuations and the QGP

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    We discuss the physics underlying event-by-event fluctuations in relativistic heavy ion collisions. We will emphasize how the fluctuations of particle ratios can be utilized to explore the properties of the matter created in these collisions. In particular, we will argue that the fluctutions of the ratio of positively over negatively charged particles may serve as a unique signature for the Quark Gluon Plasma.Comment: Proceedings Quark Matter 2001, Stony Brook, NY January 200

    Friction in inflaton equations of motion

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    The possibility of a friction term in the equation of motion for a scalar field is investigated in non-equilibrium field theory. The results obtained differ greatly from existing estimates based on linear response theory, and suggest that dissipation is not well represented by a term of the form ηϕ˙\eta\dot{\phi}.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, RevTex4. An obscurity in the original version has been clarifie

    Event-by-event fluctuations of the charged particle ratio from non-equilibrium transport theory

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    The event by event fluctuations of the ratio of positively to negatively charged hadrons are predicted within the UrQMD model. Corrections for finite acceptance and finite net charge are derived. These corrections are relevant to compare experimental data and transport model results to previous predictions. The calculated fluctuations at RHIC and SPS energies are shown to be compatible with a hadron gas. Thus, deviating by a factor of 3 from the predictions for a thermalized quark-gluon plasma.Comment: This paper clarifies the previous predictions of Jeon and Koch (hep-ph/0003168) and addresses issues raised in hep-ph/0006023. 2 Figures, 10pp, uses RevTe
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