5 research outputs found

    Wardrobes and Soundtracks: Women’s Narratives of Youth, Experienced and Remembered through Dress and Music

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    The thesis connects styled dress and music listening as youth cultural practices. It examines how dress and music act as memory resources, as conduits or companions to personal and collective experiences of youth. The study centred around women’s narratives of participation in youth culture, and the multi-sensory, cross-temporal experience of remembering youth in the present. Focused on the period 1950 to 2000, the research is framed as post-war and preinternet, when fashion and recorded music became widely available for young women, but before the spread of digital access. Youth was understood by the participants not as an age range, or a transition to adulthood, but as the time when they could access and participate in youth culture. The study transcended subcultural youth groupings, although some spectacular or alternative dress and music choices were included, to foreground everyday youth culture. In doing so, the female presence was made visible, questioning gender-biased assumptions about participation. Women were found to engage in both public (the dance hall, the cafĂ©, the rally) and private spaces (family homes), extending the geographies of female youth culture. The reflexive methodology relied on creative, narrative methods. Ten female participants from Northern England each prepared a ‘memory toolkit’ including clothing, snapshots of styled dress and music playlists for a ‘Wardrobe and Soundtrack Interview’. This sensory interaction revealed how dress and music inhabit the body in material and imagined forms, capturing narratives of participation in youth culture, and the re-experiencing of youth through imaginative remembering. The mnemonic extension of the toolkit and the vivid memories of dress and music drawn upon in the mind, are conceptualised as the ‘memory wardrobe’ and ‘memory soundtrack’. These memory resources enabled the formation of the participants’ youth stories presented in the thesis. Dress and music, experienced and remembered, were found to support biographical consistency, acting as markers or connectors to specific events or life periods. The critical density of dress and music experiences in youth forge trans-temporal connections between past and present, providing personal affirmation or validation, as what I have called ‘tokens of youth’. Dress and music are both multi-temporal and cross the private and public sphere. As biographical objects that share our lives, they age themselves and reflect our own ageing over time. The research found that dress and music, as embodied youth practices, share the ability to connect emotion and memory. Creative remembering provided opportunities for the imagination to override facts to create new meanings and emotional resonance. The thesis contributes to academic fields that acknowledge dress or music as biographical markers and emerging youth literature that argues for a focus on postyouth but takes a new stance, with youth as a dynamic touchpoint to which we return though dress and music across time. The thesis synthesises dress, music, youth and memory studies to reveal how through dress and music – youth lives with us

    Proceedings of Patient Reported Outcome Measure’s (PROMs) Conference Oxford 2017: Advances in Patient Reported Outcomes Research

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    A33-Effects of Out-of-Pocket (OOP) Payments and Financial Distress on Quality of Life (QoL) of People with Parkinson’s (PwP) and their Carer

    Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study

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    Background: The impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on postoperative recovery needs to be understood to inform clinical decision making during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. This study reports 30-day mortality and pulmonary complication rates in patients with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: This international, multicentre, cohort study at 235 hospitals in 24 countries included all patients undergoing surgery who had SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery. The primary outcome measure was 30-day postoperative mortality and was assessed in all enrolled patients. The main secondary outcome measure was pulmonary complications, defined as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, or unexpected postoperative ventilation. Findings: This analysis includes 1128 patients who had surgery between Jan 1 and March 31, 2020, of whom 835 (74·0%) had emergency surgery and 280 (24·8%) had elective surgery. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed preoperatively in 294 (26·1%) patients. 30-day mortality was 23·8% (268 of 1128). Pulmonary complications occurred in 577 (51·2%) of 1128 patients; 30-day mortality in these patients was 38·0% (219 of 577), accounting for 81·7% (219 of 268) of all deaths. In adjusted analyses, 30-day mortality was associated with male sex (odds ratio 1·75 [95% CI 1·28–2·40], p\textless0·0001), age 70 years or older versus younger than 70 years (2·30 [1·65–3·22], p\textless0·0001), American Society of Anesthesiologists grades 3–5 versus grades 1–2 (2·35 [1·57–3·53], p\textless0·0001), malignant versus benign or obstetric diagnosis (1·55 [1·01–2·39], p=0·046), emergency versus elective surgery (1·67 [1·06–2·63], p=0·026), and major versus minor surgery (1·52 [1·01–2·31], p=0·047). Interpretation: Postoperative pulmonary complications occur in half of patients with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection and are associated with high mortality. Thresholds for surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic should be higher than during normal practice, particularly in men aged 70 years and older. Consideration should be given for postponing non-urgent procedures and promoting non-operative treatment to delay or avoid the need for surgery. Funding: National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, Bowel and Cancer Research, Bowel Disease Research Foundation, Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, British Association of Surgical Oncology, British Gynaecological Cancer Society, European Society of Coloproctology, NIHR Academy, Sarcoma UK, Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland, and Yorkshire Cancer Research

    Proceedings of Patient Reported Outcome Measure’s (PROMs) Conference Oxford 2017: Advances in Patient Reported Outcomes Research : Oxford, UK. 8th June 2017.

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