37,001 research outputs found

    Three Generations of Moroccan Fashion Designers: Negotiating Local and Global Identity

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    Chapter in Fashioning Identities: Cultures of Exchange, edited by Sarah Heaton. Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 161-180

    Speeding up the HMC: QCD with Clover-Improved Wilson Fermions

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    We apply a recent proposal to speed up the Hybrid-Monte-Carlo simulation of systems with dynamical fermions to two flavor QCD with clover-improvement. For our smallest quark masses we see a speed-up of more than a factor of two compared with the standard algorithm.Comment: 3 pages, lattice2002, algorithms, DESY Report-no correcte

    Island formation without attractive interactions

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    We show that adsorbates on surfaces can form islands even if there are no attractive interactions. Instead strong repulsion between adsorbates at short distances can lead to islands, because such islands increase the entropy of the adsorbates that are not part of the islands. We suggest that this mechanism cause the observed island formation in O/Pt(111), but it may be important for many other systems as well.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figure

    A note on the practical feasibility of domain-wall fermions

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    Domain-wall fermions preserve chiral symmetry up to terms that decrease exponentially when the lattice size in the fifth dimension is taken to infinity. The associated rates of convergence are given by the low-lying eigenvalues of a simple local operator in four dimensions. These can be computed using the Ritz functional technique and it turns out that the convergence tends to be extremely slow in the range of lattice spacings relevant to large-volume numerical simulations of lattice QCD. Two methods to improve on this situation are discussed.Comment: 14 pages, talk given by P. H. at the workshop on {\em Current theoretical problems in lattice field theory}, Ringberg, German

    Materials analysis of fluorocarbon films for MEMS applications

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    In this paper the results of the materials analysis of fluorocarbon (FC) films are presented. The properties of the fluorocarbon films are comparable to those of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), better known under the trademarks such as teflon and fluon. The properties of PTFE are desirable for MEMS applications and enable new designs, new applications and new technological processing routes for microsystems. Therefore, FC films have a tremendous potential for MEMS applications. Furthermore, FC films can easily be deposited via spin coating, e-beam evaporation, in conventional reactive ion etchers and in plasma-enhanced deposition chambers using a carbonhydrotrifluoride plasma facilitating the use of the films for micro electro-mechanical structures. The films deposited in a reactive ion etcher are extremely chemical resistant. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses results are presente

    Early quantum task scheduling

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    An Early Quantum Task (EQT) is a Quantum EDF task that has shrunk its first period into one quantum time slot. Its purpose is to be executed as soon as possible, without causing deadline overflow of other tasks. We will derive the conditions under which an EQT can be admitted and can have an immediate start. The advantage of scheduling EQTs is shown by its use in a buffered multi-media server. The EQT is associated with a multimedia stream and it will use its first invocation to fill the buffer, such that a client can start receiving data immediately

    Optimal Sparsification for Some Binary CSPs Using Low-degree Polynomials

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    This paper analyzes to what extent it is possible to efficiently reduce the number of clauses in NP-hard satisfiability problems, without changing the answer. Upper and lower bounds are established using the concept of kernelization. Existing results show that if NP is not contained in coNP/poly, no efficient preprocessing algorithm can reduce n-variable instances of CNF-SAT with d literals per clause, to equivalent instances with O(nde)O(n^{d-e}) bits for any e > 0. For the Not-All-Equal SAT problem, a compression to size O˜(nd1)\~O(n^{d-1}) exists. We put these results in a common framework by analyzing the compressibility of binary CSPs. We characterize constraint types based on the minimum degree of multivariate polynomials whose roots correspond to the satisfying assignments, obtaining (nearly) matching upper and lower bounds in several settings. Our lower bounds show that not just the number of constraints, but also the encoding size of individual constraints plays an important role. For example, for Exact Satisfiability with unbounded clause length it is possible to efficiently reduce the number of constraints to n+1, yet no polynomial-time algorithm can reduce to an equivalent instance with O(n2e)O(n^{2-e}) bits for any e > 0, unless NP is a subset of coNP/poly.Comment: Updated the cross-composition in lemma 18 (minor update), since the previous version did NOT satisfy requirement 4 of lemma 18 (the proof of Claim 20 was incorrect

    Contemplating workplace change: evolving individual thought processes and emergent story lines

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    Drawing on topical life histories of physicians in a particularly volatile public health sector environment, we build theory around the contemplation of workplace change. Overall, our study provides evidence as to why single or multiple independent factors, such as pay or job structure, may fail to predict or explain individual decisions to stay in or change workplaces. Instead, the contemplation process we argue is a complex, evolutionary, and context-dependent one that requires individualized interventions. Our findings reveal the prevalence of episodic context-self fit assessments prompted by triggering stimuli, two mechanisms by which thought processes evolved (reinforcement and recalibration), and four characteristic story lines that explain why the thought processes manifested as they did (exploring opportunities, solving problems, reconciling incongruence, and escaping situations). Based on our findings, we encourage practitioners to regularly engage in story-listening and dialogic conversations to better understand, and potentially affect the evolving socially constructed realities of staff members
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