1,484 research outputs found

    Optical and radio properties of giant radio quasars: Central black hole characteristics

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    We analysed the optical and radio properties of lobe-dominated giant-sized (> 0.72 Mpc) radio quasars and compared the results with those derived for a sample of smaller radio sources to determine whether the large size of some extragalactic radio sources is related to the properties of their nuclei. We compiled the largest (to date) sample of giant radio quasars, including 24 new and 21 previously-known objects, and calculated a number of important parameters of their nuclei such as the black hole mass and the accretion rate. We conclude that giant radio quasars have properties similar to those of smaller size and that giant quasars do not have more powerful central engines than other radio quasars. The results obtained are consistent with evolutionary models of extragalactic radio sources which predict that giant radio quasars could be more evolved (aged) sources compared to smaller radio quasars. In addition we found out that the environment may play only a minor role in formation of large-scale radio structures.Comment: 19 pages, 17 figures, submitted to MNRA

    GB2 0909+353: One of the Largest Double Radio Source

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    The evidence are given that the radio source GB2 0909+353 (GB2 catalogue: Machalski 1978; ICRS 2000.0 coordinates: 09 12 51.7, +35 10 10) is likely one of the largest classical doubles known, though its optical identification is not certain. Our deep VLA observations at 5 GHz did not reveal a radio core brighter than 0.5 mJy/beam at this frequency. Thus a distance to the source is evaluated using photometric -- redshift estimates of the faint galaxies in the optical field. The equipartition magnetic field and energy density in the source is calculated and compared with corresponding parameters of other `giant' radio sources known, showing extremely low values of both physical parameters of the source investigated. On the other hand, the age of relativistic electrons, and the advance speed of the `hot spot' in the source are typical for much smaller and brighter 3CR sources.Comment: 10 pages with 3 Postscript figures, accepted to Acta Astronomic

    1.4-GHz observations of extended giant radio galaxies

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    This paper presents 1.4-GHz radio continuum observations of 15 very extended radio galaxies. These sources are so large that most interferometers lose partly their structure and total flux density. Therefore, single-dish detections are required to fill in the central (u,v) gap of interferometric data and obtain reliable spectral index patterns across the structures, and thus also an integrated radio continuum spectrum. We have obtained such 1.4-GHz maps with the 100-m Effelsberg telescope and combined them with the corresponding maps available from the NVSS. The aggregated data allow us to produce high-quality images, which can be used to obtain physical parameters of the mapped sources. The combined images reveal in many cases extended low surface-brightness cocoons.Comment: 39 pages, 19 figures, 3 tables. Published in Ac

    J1145-0033 - the most distant giant radio source?

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    We present J1145-0033, a candidate for the most distant (z=2.055) lobe-dominated giant radio quasar, with a projected linear size of 1.34 Mpc. This quasar has both FR II -- type radio morphology and broad absorption lines in its optical spectrum. Some physical characteristics (e.g. black hole mass, accretion rate, equipartition magnetic field, energy density and particle density of ambient medium) based on the optical and radio data are provided. We have also found that the quasar has a relatively large central black hole mass and a very small accretion rate in comparison with similar objects.Comment: 12 pages, 4 Postscript figure

    Giant Radio Sources in View of the Dynamical Evolution of FRII-type Population

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    The time evolution of giant (D>1 Mpc) lobe-dominated galaxies is analysed on the basis of dynamical evolution of the entire FRII-type population.Comment: 4 pages, 2 Postscript figures, uses baltlat1.sty To be published in "Radio astronomy at 70: from Karl Jansky to microjansky", JENAM-2003 Symposium, eds. L.Gurvits and S.Frey, (Baltic Astronomy

    Giant Radio Sources in View of the Dynamical Evolution of FRII-type Population. I. The Observational Data, and Basic Physical Parameters of Sources Derived from the Analytical Model

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    The time evolution of giant lobe-dominated radio galaxies (with projected linear size D>1 Mpc if H_{0}=50 km/s/Mpc and q_{0}=0.5 is analysed on the basis of dynamical evolution of the entire FRII-type population. Two basic physical parameters, namely the jet power Q_{0} and central density of the galaxy nucleus rho0 are derived for a sample of giants with synchrotron ages reliably determined, and compared with the relevant parameters in a comparison sample of normal-size sources consisting of 3C, B2, and other sources. Having the apparent radio luminosity P and linear size D of each sample source, Q_{0} and rho_{0} are obtained by fitting the dynamical model of Kaiser et al. (1997). We find that: (i) there is not a unique factor governing the source size; they are old sources with temperate jet power (Q_{0}) evolved in a relatively low-density environment (rho_{0}). The size is dependent, in order of decreasing partial correlation coefficients, on age; then on Q_{0}; next on rho_{0}. (ii) A self-similar expansion of the sources' cocoon seems to be feasible if the power supplied by the jets is a few orders of magnitude above the minimum-energy value. In other cases the expansion can only initially be self-similar; a departure from self-similarity for large and old sources is justified by observational data of giant sources. (iii) An apparent increase of the lowest internal pressure value observed within the largest sources' cocoon with redshift is obscured by the intrinsic dependence of their size on age and the age on redshift, which hinders us from making definite conclusions about a cosmological evolution of intergalactic medium (IGM) pressure.Comment: 36 pages, 8 figures, 7 table

    Multiwavelength study of the radio emission from a tight galaxy pair Arp 143

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    We present results of the recent low-frequency radio observations of a tight galaxy pair Arp 143 at 234 and 612 MHz. These data are analysed together with the archive data at 1490, 4860, 8440, and 14940 MHz. From the analysis of the radio emission we derive constraints on the age of the radio emitting structures as well as on the properties of their magnetic field. We show that the collisional ring of NGC 2445 hosts strong magnetic fields (reaching 12 ╬╝\muG in its northwestern part) manifesting as a steep--spectrum, nonthermal radiation at radio frequencies. The spectral age of this structure is higher than estimates derived for the star-forming regions from the H╬▒\alpha distribution, suggesting that the radio emission might have a different origin. The galactic core is of a very young spectral age, suggesting an ongoing starburst activity. Additionally we identify a possible ridge of emission between the ring galaxy and its elliptical companion NGC 2444.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables. Accepted for publication in MNRA

    Optical and radio properties of extragalactic radio sources with recurrent jet activity

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    We present a sample of 74 radio sources with recurrent jet activity. The sample consists of 67 galaxies, 2 quasars and 5 unidentified sources, selected from the published data or are newly recognized. The sample's redshift range is 0.002 < z < 0.7 and the size of inner and outer structures varies from 0.02 to 4248 kpc. We analyse the optical and radio properties of the sample and compare them with the characteristics of ordinary one-off FRII radio sources. With the help of stellar population modelling, we derive black hole masses and stellar masses of host galaxies of 35 restarting radio sources, finding that the black hole masses in restarting radio sources are comparable to those of typical single-cycle FRII radio sources. The obtained median values of log MBH_{BH} are 8.58 and 8.62 MÔŐÖ_{\odot} Unlike the black hole masses, the stellar masses in restarting radio sources tend to be smaller than in the FRII sources. Although the stellar populations of the hosts of recurrent activity sources are dominated by old stars, a significant fraction of young stars can be observed as well. Based on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey photometric observations, we also analyse the morphology of the host galaxies and obtained significantly smaller concentration indices for the restarting radio sources when compared to the classical FRII hosts. This effect can be interpreted as a result of frequent merger events in the history of host galaxies of restarting radio sources.Comment: 21 pages, 17 figure
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