2,589 research outputs found

    The Economics, Technology and Neuroscience of Human Capability Formation

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    This paper begins the synthesis of two currently unrelated literatures: the human capital approach to health economics and the economics of cognitive and noncognitive skill formation. A lifecycle investment framework is the foundation for understanding the origins of human inequality and for devising policies to reduce it.

    China's Investment in Human Capital

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    This paper discusses evidence on human capital investment in China. Policies through the mid 1990s favor physical investment over schooling.

    The Case for Investing in Disadvantaged Young Children

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    Bildung, Kinder, Pädagogik, Bildungspolitik, Bildungsinvestition, Education, Children, Education sciences, Educational policy, Human capital investment

    The American Family in Black and White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality

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    In contemporary America, racial gaps in achievement are primarily due to gaps in skills. Skill gaps emerge early before children enter school. Families are major producers of those skills. Inequality in performance in school is strongly linked to inequality in family environments. Schools do little to reduce or enlarge the gaps in skills that are present when children enter school. Parenting matters, and the true measure of child advantage and disadvantage is the quality of parenting received. A growing fraction of American children across all race and ethnic groups is being raised in dysfunctional families. Investment in the early lives of children in disadvantaged families will help close achievement gaps. America currently relies too much on schools and adolescent remediation strategies to solve problems that start in the preschool years. Policy should prevent rather than remediate. Voluntary, culturally sensitive support for parenting is a politically and economically palatable strategy that addresses problems common to all racial and ethnic groups.skill gap, racial inequality, early childhood intervention

    The Impact of Government on the Economic Status of Black Americans

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    This paper reviews recent evidence on black economic progress. It notes that while relative status increased over the period 1965-1981, absolute differentials in real earnings between blacks and whites widened over this period. The paper goes out to summarize recent studies of the impact of government on the economic status of black Americans. Educational policy has a strong effect. The evidence on affirmative action programs is mixed. There is an intrinsic bias in the methods used toward finding no effect of affirmative action programs. Selection bias effects do not account for more than 10-12% of measured wage growth of black males.

    Integrating Personality Psychology into Economics

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    This paper reviews the problems and potential benefits of integrating personality psychology into economics. Economists have much to learn from and contribute to personality psychology.personality psychology, behavioral economics, identification, causality

    Studies in Labor Markets

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    The economics of child well-being

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    This paper presents an integrated economic approach that organizes and interprets the evidence on child development. It also discusses the indicators of child well-being that are used in international comparisons. Recent evidence on child development is summarized, and policies to promote child well-being are discussed. The chapter concludes with some open questions and suggestions for future research
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