52 research outputs found

    Self-determination theory as a possible explanation for the motivation of Norwegian outdoor life students

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    How can autonomy support from a coach, basic psychological needs, and the psychological climate explain ego and task involvement?

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    The aim of this study was to consider the relationships among the autonomy support an athlete perceives from their coach, the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), the psychological motivational climate of the team (a task or ego climate), and the athlete’s motivational orientation (ego or task involvement). No other studies have investigated this. My three hypotheses were as follows: autonomy support from a coach will have an impact on motivational involvement, all three basic needs will have an impact on motivational involvement, and motivational involvement will be explained by the motivational climate. A total of 175 elite male ice hockey players from Norway, ranging in age from 15 to 18 years old, answered questionnaires about autonomy support, perceived motivational climate, achievement goal orientation, and basic psychological needs. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to predict ego–task involvement using autonomy support from the coach, the need for autonomy, the need for competence, the need for relatedness, the task climate, and the ego climate. The only two variables that statistically significantly predicted ego–task involvement were the autonomy support from the coach (std. beta = 0.28, sign = 0.05) and the ego climate (std. beta = 0.34, sign = 0.01). The analysis revealed that the athletes had a higher score on task (M = 4.85) than ego (M = 3.34) involvement, but when these were transformed into two variables (high and low) for task and ego involvement, we found that most players scored high for both task and ego involvement. We found that autonomy support from the coach had a positive relationship with a high score for players on both task and ego involvement. We also found that the three basic psychological needs had no impact on the motivational involvement of the athletes. Lastly, we found that the ego climate had an impact on motivational involvement. There was a positive relationship between a high score for the ego climate and a high score for both ego and task involvement.publishedVersio

    Gender differences in motives for participation in sports and exercise among Norwegian adolescents

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    Scattering theory of transport through disordered magnets

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    We present a scattering theory of transport through noncollinear disordered magnetic insulators. For concreteness, we study and compare the random field model (RFM) and the random anisotropy model (RAM). The RFM and RAM are used to model random spin disorder systems and amorphous materials, respectively. We utilize the Landauer-Buttiker formalism to compute the transmission probability and spin conductance of one-dimensional disordered spin chains. The RFM and the RAM both exhibit Anderson localization, which means that the transmission probability and spin conductance decay exponentially with the system length. We define two localization lengths based on the transmission probability and the spin conductance, respectively. Next, we numerically determine the relationship between the localization lengths and the strength of the disorder. In the limit of weak disorder, we find that the localization lengths obey power laws and determine the critical exponents. Our results are expressed via the universal exchange length and are therefore expected to be general

    Considerations Perceived by Coaches as Specific to Coaching Elite Women’s Soccer Teams

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    This study investigated challenges perceived by coaches when working with elite women’s soccer teams. Six men and four women coaches with experience in the first Norwegian League or Norwegian national team participated. Semi-structured interviews were carried out, and the data was analyzed using thematic interpretational analysis. Participants identified professionalism, early-career termination, mental characteristics, intrateam communication, romantic relationships, access to the locker rooms (men only), and team selection (women only) as the specific challenges they face when coaching these teams. The findings are discussed in relation to ensuring that good performance and development are achieved when coaching elite women’s soccer teams and helping future coaches optimize their coaching techniques when working with elite women players
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