1,797 research outputs found

    D-branes in the diagonal SU(2) coset

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    The symmetry preserving D-branes in coset theories have previously been described as being centered around projections of products of conjugacy classes in the underlying Lie groups. Here, we investigate the coset where a diagonal action of SU(2) is divided out from SU(2)\times SU(2). The corresponding target space is described as a (3-dimensional) pillow with four distinguished corners. It is shown that the (fractional) brane which corresponds to the fixed point that arises in the CFT description, is spacefilling. Moreover, the spacefilling brane is the only one that reaches all of the corners. The other branes are 3, 1 and 0 - dimensional.Comment: v2: reference added, 9 page

    The Conformal Limit of the 0A Matrix Model and String Theory on AdS(2)

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    We analyze the conformal limit of the matrix model describing flux backgrounds of two dimensional type 0A string theory. This limit is believed to be dual to an AdS(2) background of type 0A string theory. We show that the spectrum of this limit is identical to that of a free fermion on AdS(2), suggesting that there are no closed string excitations in this background.Comment: 17 pages, 1 figur

    Wrapped M2/M5 Duality

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    A microscopic accounting of the entropy of a generic 5D supersymmetric rotating black hole, arising from wrapped M2-branes in Calabi-Yau compactified M-theory, is an outstanding unsolved problem. In this paper we consider an expansion around the zero-entropy, zero-temperature, maximally rotating ground state for which the angular momentum J_L and graviphoton charge Q are related by J_L^2=Q^3. At J_L=0 the near horizon geometry is AdS_2 x S^3. As J_L^2 goes to Q^3 it becomes a singular quotient of AdS_3 x S^2: more precisely, a quotient of the near horizon geometry of an M5 wrapped on a 4-cycle whose self-intersection is the 2-cycle associated to the wrapped-M2 black hole. The singularity of the AdS_3 quotient is identified as the usual one associated to the zero-temperature limit, suggesting that the (0,4) wrapped-M5 CFT is dual near maximality to the wrapped-M2 black hole. As evidence for this, the microscopic (0,4) CFT entropy and the macroscopic rotating black hole entropy are found to agree to leading order away from maximality.Comment: 10 pages, no figure

    New Reducible Five-brane Solutions in M-theory

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    We construct new M-theory solutions of M5 branes that are a realization of the fully localized ten dimensional NS5/D6 and NS5/D5 brane intersections. These solutions are obtained by embedding self-dual geometries lifted to M-theory. We reduce these solutions down to ten dimensions, obtaining new D-brane systems in type IIA/IIB supergravity. The worldvolume theories of the NS5-branes are new non-local, non-gravitational, six dimensional, T-dual little string theories with eight supersymmetries.Comment: 19 pages, 4 figures, two paragraphs added in conclusions, typos correcte

    Counting Dyons in N=8 String Theory

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    A recently discovered relation between 4D and 5D black holes is used to derive exact (weighted) BPS black hole degeneracies for 4D N=8 string theory from the exactly known 5D degeneracies. A direct 4D microscopic derivation in terms of weighted 4D D-brane bound state degeneracies is sketched and found to agree.Comment: 10 page

    Superconformal Black Hole Quantum Mechanics

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    In recent work, the superconformal quantum mechanics describing D0 branes in the AdS_2xS^2xCY_3 attractor geometry of a Calabi-Yau black hole with D4 brane charges p^A has been constructed and found to contain a large degeneracy of chiral primary bound states. In this paper it is shown that the asymptotic growth of chiral primaries for N D0 branes exactly matches the Bekenstein-Hawking area law for a black hole with D4 brane charge p^A and D0 brane charge N. This large degeneracy arises from D0 branes in lowest Landau levels which tile the CY_3xS^2 horizon. It is conjectured that such a multi-D0 brane CFT1 is holographically dual to IIA string theory on AdS_2xS^2xCY_3.Comment: 8 page

    Entanglement Interpretation of Black Hole Entropy in String Theory

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    We show that the entropy resulting from the counting of microstates of non extremal black holes using field theory duals of string theories can be interpreted as arising from entanglement. The conditions for making such an interpretation consistent are discussed. First, we interpret the entropy (and thermodynamics) of spacetimes with non degenerate, bifurcating Killing horizons as arising from entanglement. We use a path integral method to define the Hartle-Hawking vacuum state in such spacetimes and discuss explicitly its entangled nature and its relation to the geometry. If string theory on such spacetimes has a field theory dual, then, in the low-energy, weak coupling limit, the field theory state that is dual to the Hartle-Hawking state is a thermofield double state. This allows the comparison of the entanglement entropy with the entropy of the field theory dual, and thus, with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the black hole. As an example, we discuss in detail the case of the five dimensional anti-de Sitter, black hole spacetime

    Brane Dynamics From the Born-Infeld Action

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    We use the abelian Born-Infeld action for the worldvolume gauge field and transverse displacement scalars to explore new aspects of D-brane structure and dynamics. We study several classic gauge field configurations, including point charges in any worldvolume dimension and vortices in two worldvolume dimensions, and show that, with an appropriate excitation of the transverse coordinate field, they are BPS-saturated solutions. The Coulomb point charge solutions turn out to represent, with considerable fidelity, fundamental strings attached to the brane (their magnetic counterparts describe D1-branes attached to D3-branes). We also show that S-matrix for small excitations propagating on the point charge solution is consistent with (and gives further illuminating information about) Polchinski's effective open string boundary condition.Comment: 16 pages, 3 figures. Minor typos fixe

    M5-brane Effective Action as an On-shell Action in Supergravity

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    We show that the covariant effective action for M5-brane is a solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equations of 11-dimensional supergravity. The solution to the H-J equations reproduces the supergravity solution that represents the M2-M5 bound states.Comment: 20 pages, references added, typos correcte

    Effective Actions for Massive Kaluza-Klein States on AdS_3 x S^3 x S^3

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    We construct the effective supergravity actions for the lowest massive Kaluza-Klein states on the supersymmetric background AdS_3 x S^3 x S^3. In particular, we describe the coupling of the supergravity multiplet to the lowest massive spin-3/2 multiplet which contains 256 physical degrees of freedom and includes the moduli of the theory. The effective theory is realized as the broken phase of a particular gauging of the maximal three-dimensional supergravity with gauge group SO(4) x SO(4). Its ground state breaks half of the supersymmetries leading to 8 massive gravitinos acquiring mass in a super Higgs effect. The holographic boundary theory realizes the large N=(4,4) superconformal symmetry.Comment: 31 pages, v2: minor change
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