1,285 research outputs found

    Quark-Gluon Jet Differences at LEP

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    A new method to identify the gluon jet in 3-jet ``{\bf Y}'' decays of Z0Z^0 is presented. The method is based on differences in particle multiplicity between quark jets and gluon jets, and is more effective than tagging by leptonic decay. An experimental test of the method and its application to a study of the ``string effect'' are proposed. Various jet-finding schemes for 3-jet events are compared.Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX, 4 PostScript figures availble from the author ([email protected]), MSUTH-92-0

    J/psi production at sqrt(s)=1.96 and 7 TeV: Color-Singlet Model, NNLO* and polarisation

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    We study J/psi production in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 and 7 TeV using the Colour-Singlet Model (CSM), including next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections and dominant alphaS^5 contributions (NNLO*). We find that the CSM reproduces the existing data if the upper range of the NNLO* is near the actual --but presently unknown-- NNLO. The direct yield polarisation for the NLO and NNLO* is increasingly longitudinal in the helicity frame when P_T gets larger. Contrary to what is sometimes claimed in the literature, the prompt J/psi yield polarisation in the CSM is compatible with the experimental data from the CDF collaboration, when one combines the direct yield with a data-driven range for the polarisation of J/psi from chi(c).Comment: Contributed to the 22nd International Conference On Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2011), Annecy, France, May 23 - 28, 2011. 4 pages, 4 figures, uses iopams.sty, iopart12.clo, iopart.cls (included

    Vitronectin at sites of cell-substrate contact in cultures of rat myotubes

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    Affinity-purified antibodies to the serum glycoprotein, vitronectin, were used to study sites of cell-substrate contact in cultures of rat myotubes and fibroblasts. Cells were removed from the substrate by treatment with saponin, leaving fragments of plasma membrane attached to the glass coverslip. When stained for vitronectin by indirect immunofluorescence, large areas of the substrate were brightly labeled. The focal contacts of fibroblasts and the broad adhesion plaques of myotubes appeared black, however, indicating that the antibodies had failed to react with those areas. Contact sites within the adhesion plaque remained unlabeled after saponin-treated samples were extracted with Triton X-100, or after intact cultures were sheared with a stream of fixative. These procedures expose extracellular macromolecules at the cell-substrate interface, which can then be labeled with concanavalin A. In contrast, when samples were sheared and then sonicated to remove all the cellular material from the coverslip, the entire substrate labeled extensively and almost uniformly with anti- vitronectin. Extracellular molecules associated with substrate contacts were also studied after freeze-fracture, using a technique we term "post-release fracture labeling." Platinum replicas of the external membrane were removed from the glass with hydrofluoric acid to expose the extracellular material. Anti-vitronectin, bound to the replicas and visualized by a second antibody conjugated to colloidal gold, labeled the broad areas of close myotube-substrate attachment and the nearby glass equally well. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that vitronectin is present at all sites of cell-substrate contact, but that its antigenic sites are obscured by material deposited by both myotube and fibroblast cells

    Heavy Quark Mass Effects in Deep Inelastic Scattering and Global QCD Analysis

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    A new implementation of the general PQCD formalism of Collins, including heavy quark mass effects, is described. Important features that contribute to the accuracy and efficiency of the calculation of both neutral current (NC) and charged current (CC) processess are explicitly discussed. This new implementation is applied to the global analysis of the full HERA I data sets on NC and CC cross sections, with correlated systematic errors, in conjunction with the usual fixed-target and hadron collider data sets. By using a variety of parametrizations to explore the parton parameter space, robust new parton distribution function (PDF) sets (CTEQ6.5) are obtained. The new quark distributions are consistently higher in the region x ~ 10^{-3} than previous ones, with important implications on hadron collider phenomenology, especially at the LHC. The uncertainties of the parton distributions are reassessed and are compared to the previous ones. A new set of CTEQ6.5 eigenvector PDFs that encapsulates these uncertainties is also presented.Comment: 32 pages, 12 figures; updated, Publication Versio

    The Parton Structure of the Nucleon and Precision Determination of the Weinberg Angle in Neutrino Scattering

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    A recently completed next-to-leading-order program to calculate neutrino cross sections, including power-suppressed mass correction terms, has been applied to evaluate the Paschos-Wolfenstein relation, in order to quantitatively assess the validity and significance of the NuTeV anomaly. In particular, we study the shift of sin⁥2ΞW\sin^2 \theta_{\mathrm{W}} obtained in calculations with a new generation of PDF sets that allow s(x)≠sˉ(x)s(x)\neq \bar{s}(x), enabled by recent neutrino dimuon data from CCFR and NuTeV, as compared to the previous s=sˉs = \bar{s} parton distribution functions like CTEQ6M. The extracted value of sin⁥2ΞW\sin^2 \theta_{\mathrm{W}} is closely correlated with the strangeness asymmetry momentum integral ∫01x[s(x)−sˉ(x)]dx\int_{0}^{1}x[s(x)-\bar{s}(x)] dx. We also consider isospin violating effects that have recently been explored by the MRST group. The results of our study suggest that the new dimuon data, the Weinberg angle measurement, and other data sets used in global QCD parton structure analysis can all be consistent within the Standard Model.Comment: 4 page

    Single top production and decay at next-to-leading order

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    We present the results of a next-to-leading order analysis of single top production including the decay of the top quark. Radiative effects are included both in the production and decay stages, using a general subtraction method. This calculation gives a good treatment of the jet activity associated with single top production. We perform an analysis of the single top search at the Tevatron, including a consideration of the main backgrounds, many of which are also calculated at next-to-leading order.Comment: 35 pages + 15 figures, revtex

    Stability of NLO Global Analysis and Implications for Hadron Collider Physics

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    The phenomenology of Standard Model and New Physics at hadron colliders depends critically on results from global QCD analysis for parton distribution functions (PDFs). The accuracy of the standard next-to-leading-order (NLO) global analysis, nominally a few percent, is generally well matched to the expected experimental precision. However, serious questions have been raised recently about the stability of the NLO analysis with respect to certain inputs, including the choice of kinematic cuts on the data sets and the parametrization of the gluon distribution. In this paper, we investigate this stability issue systematically within the CTEQ framework. We find that both the PDFs and their physical predictions are stable, well within the few percent level. Further, we have applied the Lagrange Multiplier method to explore the stability of the predicted cross sections for W production at the Tevatron and the LHC, since W production is often proposed as a standard candle for these colliders. We find the NLO predictions on sigma_W to be stable well within their previously-estimated uncertainty ranges.Comment: 24 pages, 11 figures. Minor changes in response to JHEP referee repor

    Partonometry in W + jet production

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    QCD predicts soft radiation patterns that are particularly simple for W+jetW+ {jet} production. We demonstrate how these patterns can be used to distinguish between the parton-level subprocesses probabilistically on an event-by-event basis. As a test of our method we demonstrate correlations between the soft radiation and the radiation inside the outgoing jet.Comment: LaTeX2e, style file include