1,641 research outputs found

    The Matrix Element Method and QCD Radiation

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    The matrix element method (MEM) has been extensively used for the analysis of top-quark and W-boson physics at the Tevatron, but in general without dedicated treatment of initial state QCD radiation. At the LHC, the increased center of mass energy leads to a significant increase in the amount of QCD radiation, which makes it mandatory to carefully account for its effects. We here present several methods for inclusion of QCD radiation effects in the MEM, and apply them to mass determination in the presence of multiple invisible particles in the final state. We demonstrate significantly improved results compared to the standard treatment.Comment: 15 pp; v2: references and some clarifications added; v3: discussion of NLO effects, version published in PR

    Quark asymmetries in the proton from a model for parton densities

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    Based on quantum fluctuations in momentum and of the proton into meson-baryon pairs, we develop a physical model for the non-perturbative x-shape of parton density functions in the proton. The model describes the proton structure function and gives a natural explanation of observed quark asymmetries, such as the difference between the anti-up and anti-down sea quark distributions and between the up and down valence distributions. An asymmetry in the momentum distribution of strange and anti-strange quarks in the nucleon is found to reduce the NuTeV anomaly to a level which does not give a significant indication of physics beyond the standard model.Comment: 27 pages, 11 figures. Updated with extended discussio

    Strange quark asymmetry in the nucleon and the NuTeV anomaly

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    The NuTeV anomaly of a non-universal value of the fundamental parameter sin^2\theta_W in the electroweak theory has been interpreted as an indication for new physics beyond the Standard Model. However, the observed quantity depends on a possible asymmetry in the momentum distributions of strange quarks and antiquarks in the nucleon. This asymmetry occurs naturally in a phenomenologically successful physical model for such parton distributions, which reduces the NuTeV result to only about two standard deviations from the Standard Model.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, RevTex4. Updated with new references and extended discussion. v.3: Minor corrections mad

    Composite Higgs to two Photons and Gluons

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    We introduce a simple framework to estimate the composite Higgs boson coupling to two-photon in Technicolor extensions of the standard model. The same framework allows us to predict the composite Higgs to two-gluon process. We compare the decay rates with the standard model ones and show that the corrections are typically of order one. We suggest, therefore, that the two-photon decay process can be efficiently used to disentangle a light composite Higgs from the standard model one. We also show that the Tevatron results for the gluon-gluon fusion production of the Higgs either exclude the techniquarks to carry color charges to the 95% confidence level, if the composite Higgs is light, or that the latter must be heavier than around 200 GeV.Comment: RevTex 7 pages, 6 figure

    Light gravitino production in association with gluinos at the LHC

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    We study the jets plus missing energy signature at the LHC in a scenario where the gravitino is very light and the gluino is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle and promptly decays into a gluon and a gravitino. We consider both associated gravitino production with a gluino and gluino pair production. By merging matrix elements with parton showers, we generate inclusive signal and background samples and show how information on the gluino and gravitino masses can be obtained by simple final state observables.Comment: 18 pages, 8 figures, 1 table; v2: typos corrected, version to appear in JHE

    Reach the Bottom Line of the Sbottom Search

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    We propose a new search strategy for directly-produced sbottoms at the LHC with a small mass splitting between the sbottom and its decayed stable neutralino. Our search strategy is based on boosting sbottoms through an energetic initial state radiation jet. In the final state, we require a large missing transverse energy and one or two b-jets besides the initial state radiation jet. We also define a few kinematic variables to further increase the discovery reach. For the case that the sbottom mainly decays into the bottom quark and the stable neutralino, we have found that even for a mass splitting as small as 10 GeV sbottoms with masses up to around 400 GeV can be excluded at the 95% confidence level with 20 inverse femtobarn data at the 8 TeV LHC.Comment: 16 pages, 6 figure

    CP violating anomalous top-quark couplings at the LHC

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    We study the T odd correlations induced by CP violating anomalous top-quark couplings at both production and decay level in the process gg --> t t_bar --> (b mu+ nu_mu) (b_bar mu- nu_mu_bar). We consider several counting asymmetries at the parton level and find the ones with the most sensitivity to each of these anomalous couplings at the LHC.Comment: 14 LaTeX Pages, 1 EPS Figure, minor typos correcte

    Early search for supersymmetric dark matter models at the LHC without missing energy

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    We investigate early discovery signals for supersymmetry at the Large Hadron Collider without using information about missing transverse energy. Instead we use cuts on the number of jets and isolated leptons (electrons and/or muons). We work with minimal supersymmetric extensions of the standard model, and focus on phenomenological models that give a relic density of dark matter compatible with the WMAP measurements. An important model property for early discovery is the presence of light sleptons, and we find that for an integrated luminosity of only 200--300 pb‚ąí1^{-1} at a center-of-mass energy of 10 TeV models with gluino masses up to ‚ąľ700\sim 700 GeV can be tested.Comment: 28 pages, 12 figures; published versio

    Supersymmetry and Generic BSM Models in PYTHIA 8

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    We describe the implementation of supersymmetric models in PYTHIA 8, including production and decay of superparticles and allowing for violation of flavour, CP, and R-parity. We also present a framework for importing generic new-physics matrix elements into PYTHIA 8, in a way suitable for use with automated tools. We emphasize that this possibility should not be viewed as the only way to implement new-physics models in PYTHIA 8, but merely as an additional possibility on top of the already existing ones. Finally we address parton showers in exotic colour topologies, in particular ones involving colour epsilon tensors and colour sextets.Comment: 20 page

    Where the Sidewalk Ends: Jets and Missing Energy Search Strategies for the 7 TeV LHC

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    This work explores the potential reach of the 7 TeV LHC to new colored states in the context of simplified models and addresses the issue of which search regions are necessary to cover an extensive set of event topologies and kinematic regimes. This article demonstrates that if searches are designed to focus on specific regions of phase space, then new physics may be missed if it lies in unexpected corners. Simple multiregion search strategies can be designed to cover all of kinematic possibilities. A set of benchmark models are created that cover the qualitatively different signatures and a benchmark multiregion search strategy is presented that covers these models.Comment: 30 pages, 8 Figures, 3 Tables. Version accepted at JHEP. Minor changes. Added figur
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