1,301 research outputs found

    Liver tumors

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    Hepatic resections for metastatic tumors

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    Tumors of the liver

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    Hepatectomy in children.

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    Excisional therapy for benign hepatic lesions

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    With the recent advances in imaging techniques, increased numbers of hepatic lesions are found today, and surgeons are asked frequently for the best course of management. Benign hepatic tumors sometimes cause life-threatening complications and more often trigger disabling or annoying symptoms in otherwise healthy individuals. Although various imaging techniques are quite accurate in identifying cysts and hemangiomas, other benign hepatic lesions, such as adenomas, focal nodular hyperplasia and other benign solid tumors, cannot be differentiated from malignant lesions with a high degree of confidence

    Liver homotransplantation

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    Cyclosporin a hepatotoxicity in 66 renal allograft recipients

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    Liver functional abnormalities were seen in 13 (19.7%) of 66 recipients of cadaveric renal homografts treated with cyclosporin A and prednisone. However, such presumed hepatotoxicity was a minor problem in the use of cyclosporin A. The complication was less frequent than that of nephrotoxicity, was as easily manageable with reductions in the cyclosporin A dosage, and generally did not cause clinical illness. In an occasional case, late hepatotoxicity can force a therapeutic change from cyclosporin A to azathioprine, but careful consideration should be given to the dangers of subsequent rejection. © 1981 by The Williams and Wilkins Co

    Transplantation of the human liver

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    Principles of whole organ transplantation

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    Orthotopic liver transplantation for fulminant and subacute hepatic failure

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    Fulminant and subacute hepatitis are conditions characterized by rapid liver failure, which can lead to death in 80 to more than 95% of the cases with medical supportive care only. The etiology can be viral, drug-, or other chemical-induced, metabolic, etc. Orthotopic liver transplantation emerged during the 1980s as a powerful means for dealing with these diseases. The existence of this therapeutic modality has brought about major changes in the diagnosis, patient selection, treatment, and outlook for fulminant/subacute liver failure. The authors present the results of orthotopic liver transplantation for the treatment of 47 cases of acute/subacute hepatic insufficiency at the University of Pittsburgh between March 1980 and July 1987. The results of this series demonstrate that liver transplantation is the most effective means for treating this condition
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