119 research outputs found

    Correlated metallic two particle bound states in quasiperiodic chains

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    Single particle states in a chain with quasiperiodic potential show a metal-insulator transition upon the change of the potential strength. We consider two particles with local interaction in the single particle insulating regime. The two particle states change from being localized to delocalized upon an increase of the interaction strength to a nonperturbative finite value. At even larger interaction strength the states become localized again. This transition of two particle bound states into a correlated metal is due to a resonant mixing of the noninteracting two particle eigenstates. In the discovered correlated metal states two particles move coherently together through the whole chain, therefore contributing to a finite conductivity.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Explosive synchronization in multiplex neuron-glial networks

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    Explosive synchronization refers to an abrupt (first order) transition to non-zero phase order parameter in oscillatory networks, underpinned by the bistability of synchronous and asynchronous states. Growing evidence suggests that this phenomenon might be no less general then the celebrated Kuramoto scenario that belongs to the second order universality class. Importantly, the recent examples demonstrate that explosive synchronization can occur for certain network topologies and coupling types, like the global higher-order coupling, without specific requirements on the individial oscillator dynamics or dynamics-network correlations. Here we demonstrate a rich picture of explosive synchronization and desynchronization transitions in multiplex networks, where it is sufficient to have a single random sparsly connected layer with higher-order coupling terms (and not necessarily in the synchronization regime on its own), the other layer being a regular lattice without own phase transitions at all. Moreover, explosive synchronization emerges even when the random layer has only low-order pairwise coupling, althoug the hysteresis interval becomes narrow and explosive desynchronization is no longer observed. The relevance to the normal and pathological dynamics of neural-glial networks is pointed out.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Multi-input distributed classifiers for synthetic genetic circuits

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    For practical construction of complex synthetic genetic networks able to perform elaborate functions it is important to have a pool of relatively simple "bio-bricks" with different functionality which can be compounded together. To complement engineering of very different existing synthetic genetic devices such as switches, oscillators or logical gates, we propose and develop here a design of synthetic multiple input distributed classifier with learning ability. Proposed classifier will be able to separate multi-input data, which are inseparable for single input classifiers. Additionally, the data classes could potentially occupy the area of any shape in the space of inputs. We study two approaches to classification, including hard and soft classification and confirm the schemes of genetic networks by analytical and numerical results

    Mammalian Brain As a Network of Networks

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    Acknowledgements AZ, SG and AL acknowledge support from the Russian Science Foundation (16-12-00077). Authors thank T. Kuznetsova for Fig. 6.Peer reviewedPublisher PD

    Distributed classifier based on genetically engineered bacterial cell cultures

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    We describe a conceptual design of a distributed classifier formed by a population of genetically engineered microbial cells. The central idea is to create a complex classifier from a population of weak or simple classifiers. We create a master population of cells with randomized synthetic biosensor circuits that have a broad range of sensitivities towards chemical signals of interest that form the input vectors subject to classification. The randomized sensitivities are achieved by constructing a library of synthetic gene circuits with randomized control sequences (e.g. ribosome-binding sites) in the front element. The training procedure consists in re-shaping of the master population in such a way that it collectively responds to the "positive" patterns of input signals by producing above-threshold output (e.g. fluorescent signal), and below-threshold output in case of the "negative" patterns. The population re-shaping is achieved by presenting sequential examples and pruning the population using either graded selection/counterselection or by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). We demonstrate the feasibility of experimental implementation of such system computationally using a realistic model of the synthetic sensing gene circuits.Comment: 31 pages, 9 figure

    Quasi-stationary states of game-driven systems: a dynamical approach

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    Evolutionary game theory is a framework to formalize the evolution of collectives ("populations") of competing agents that are playing a game and, after every round, update their strategies to maximize individual payoffs. There are two complementary approaches to modeling evolution of player populations. The first addresses essentially finite populations by implementing the apparatus of Markov chains. The second assumes that the populations are infinite and operates with a system of mean-field deterministic differential equations. By using a model of two antagonistic populations, which are playing a game with stationary or periodically varying payoffs, we demonstrate that it exhibits metastable dynamics that is reducible neither to an immediate transition to a fixation (extinction of all but one strategy in a finite-size population) nor to the mean-field picture. In the case of stationary payoffs, this dynamics can be captured with a system of stochastic differential equations and interpreted as a stochastic Hopf bifurcation. In the case of varying payoffs, the metastable dynamics is much more complex than the dynamics of the means
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