19,474 research outputs found

### Full QED+QCD Low-Energy Constants through Reweighting

The effect of sea quark electromagnetic charge on meson masses is
investigated, and first results for full QED+QCD low-energy constants are
presented. The electromagnetic charge for sea quarks is incorporated in
quenched QED+full QCD lattice simulations by a reweighting method. The
reweighting factor, which connects quenched and unquenched QED, is estimated
using a stochastic method on 2+1 flavor dynamical domain-wall quark ensembles.Comment: 5 pages, 9 figures, REVTeX 4.1, v2: published versio

### Coordinate space proton-deuteron scattering calculations including Coulomb force effects

We present a practical method to solve the proton-deuteron scattering problem
at energies above the three-body breakup threshold, in which we treat
three-body integral equations in coordinate space accommodating long-range
proton-proton Coulomb interactions. The method is examined for phase shift
parameters, and then applied to calculations of differential cross sections in
elastic and breakup reactions, analyzing powers, etc. with a realistic
nucleon-nucleon force and three-nucleon forces. Effects of the Coulomb force
and the three-nucleon forces on these observables are discussed in comparing
with experimental data.Comment: 15 pages, 14 figures, submitted to PR

### The square-lattice spiral magnet Ba_2CuGe_2O_7 in an in-plane magnetic field

The magnetic structure of Ba_2CuGe_2O_7 is investigated by neutron
diffraction in magnetic fields applied along several directions in the $(a,b)$
plane of the crystal. In relatively weak fields, $H\lesssim 0.5$~T, the
propagation vector of the spin-spiral rotates to form a finite angle with the
field direction. This angle depends on the orientation of $H$ itself. The
rotation of the propagation vector is accompanied by a re-orientation of the
plane of spin rotation in the spiral. The observed behaviour is well described
by a continuous-limit form of a free energy functional that includes exchange
and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, as well as the Zeeman energy and an
empirical anisotropy term.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figure

### Neutrino Oscillations in Intermediate States.II -- Wave Packets

We analyze oscillations of intermediate neutrinos in terms of the scattering
of particles described by Gaussian wave packets. We study a scalar model as in
a previous paper (I) but in realistic situations, where the two particles of
the initial state and final state are wave packets and neutrinos are in the
intermediate state. The oscillation of the intermediate neutrino is found from
the time evolution of the total transition probability between the initial
state and final state. The effect of a finite lifetime and a finite relaxation
time are also studied. We find that the oscillation pattern depends on the
magnitude of wave packet sizes of particles in the initial state and final
state and the lifetime of the initial particle. For $\Delta m^2_{21}=3\times
10^{-2}$ eV$^2$, the oscillation probability deviates from that of the standard
formula if the wave packet sizes are around $10^{-13}$ m for 0.4 MeV neutrino.Comment: 29 pages, 11 figures. typos corrected, appendix adde

### Central and tensor components of three-nucleon forces in low-energy proton-deuteron scattering

Contributions of three-nucleon forces (3NF) to proton-deuteron scattering
observables at energies below the deuteron breakup threshold are studied by
solving the Faddeev equation that includes the Coulomb interaction. At E_p=3.0
MeV, we find that the central part of a two-pion exchange 3NF removes the
discrepancy between measured cross sections and the calculated ones by
two-nucleon forces, and improves the agreement with T_{22} experimental data.
However, the tensor part of the 3NF fails in reproducing data of the analyzing
power T_{21} by giving worse agreement between the measured and the calculated.
Detailed examinations of scattering amplitudes suggest that a P-wave
contribution in spin quartet tensor amplitudes has unsuitable sign for
reproducing the T_{21} data.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figure

- â€¦