5,948 research outputs found

    Dynamical effects of QCD in q2qˉ2q^2 \bar{q}^{2} systems

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    We study the coupling of a tetraquark system to an exchanged meson-meson channel, using a pure gluonic theory based four-quark potential {\em matrix} model which is known to fit well a large number of data points for lattice simulations of different geometries of a four-quark system. We find that if this minimal-area-based potential matrix replaces the earlier used simple Gaussian form for the gluon field overlap factor ff in its off-diagonal terms, the resulting TT-matrix and phase shifts develop an angle dependence whose partial wave analysis reveals DD wave and higher angular momentum components in it. In addition to the obvious implications of this result for the meson-meson scattering, this new feature indicates the possibility of orbital excitations influencing properties of meson-meson molecules through a polarization potential. We have used a formalism of the resonating group method, treated kinetic energy and overlap matrices on model of the potential matrix, but decoupled the resulting complicated integral equations through the Born approximation. In this exploratory study we have used a quadratic confinement and not included the spin-dependence; we also used the approximation of equal constituent quark masses.Comment: 18 pages, 9 figure

    Breathing Modes in Rotating Bose-Condensed Gas: An Exact Diagonalization Study

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    We present an exact diagonalization study of the breathing mode collective excitations for a rotating Bose-Einstein condensate of N=10N=10 spinless bosons interacting via repulsive finite-range Gaussian potential and harmonically confined in quasi-two-dimension. The yrast state and the low-lying excited states are variationally obtained in given subspaces of the quantized total angular momentum LL employing the beyond lowest Landau level approximation in slowly rotating regime with 0L<2N0 \le L < 2N. For a given LL, the low-energy eigenspectra (bands) are obtained in weakly to moderately interacting regime. Further, for a given interaction, the split in low-lying eigenenergies with increasing LL is the precursor to spontaneous symmetry breaking of the axisymmetry associated with the entry of the first vortex. With increase in repulsive interaction, the value of the first breathing mode increases for stable total angular momentum states L=0~\mbox{and}~N, but decreases for intermediate 0<L<N0<L<N metastable states. The position of the observed first breathing modes in the eigenspectrum remains unchanged as the interaction is varied over several orders of magnitude.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, RevTex two colum
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