5 research outputs found

### A functional model, eigenvalues, and finite singular critical points for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators

Eigenvalues in the essential spectrum of a weighted Sturm-Liouville operator are studied under the assumption that the weight function has one turning point. An abstract approach to the problem is given via a functional model for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators. Algebraic multiplicities of eigenvalues are obtained. Also, operators with finite singular critical points are considered.Comment: 38 pages, Proposition 2.2 and its proof corrected, Remarks 2.5, 3.4, and 3.12 extended, details added in subsections 2.3 and 4.2, section 6 rearranged, typos corrected, references adde

### Abstract kinetic equations with positive collision operators

We consider "forward-backward" parabolic equations in the abstract form $Jd \psi / d x + L \psi = 0$, $0< x < \tau \leq \infty$, where $J$ and $L$ are operators in a Hilbert space $H$ such that $J=J^*=J^{-1}$, $L=L^* \geq 0$, and $\ker L = 0$. The following theorem is proved: if the operator $B=JL$ is similar to a self-adjoint operator, then associated half-range boundary problems have unique solutions. We apply this theorem to corresponding nonhomogeneous equations, to the time-independent Fokker-Plank equation $\mu \frac {\partial \psi}{\partial x} (x,\mu) = b(\mu) \frac {\partial^2 \psi}{\partial \mu^2} (x, \mu)$, $0, $\mu \in \R$, as well as to other parabolic equations of the "forward-backward" type. The abstract kinetic equation $T d \psi/dx = - A \psi (x) + f(x)$, where $T=T^*$ is injective and $A$ satisfies a certain positivity assumption, is considered also.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX2e, version 2, references have been added, changes in the introductio