1,284 research outputs found

    On structure of effective action in four-dimensional quantum dilaton supergravity

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    A general structure of effective action in new chiral superfield model associated with N=1N=1, D=4D=4 supergravity is investigated. This model corresponds to finite quantum field theory and does not demand the regularization and renormalization at effective action calculation. It is shown that in local approximation the effective action is defined by two objects called general superfield effective lagrangian and chiral superfield effective lagrangian. A proper-time method is generalized for calculation of these two effective lagrangians in superfield manner. Power expansion of the effective action in supercovariant derivatives is formulated and the lower terms of such an expansion are calculated in explicit superfield form

    Back reaction of vacuum and the renormalization group flow from the conformal fixed point

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    We consider the GUT-like model with two scalar fields which has infinitesimal deviation from the conformal invariant fixed point at high energy region. In this case the dominating quantum effect is the conformal trace anomaly and the interaction between the anomaly-generated propagating conformal factor of the metric and the usual dimensional scalar field. This interaction leads to the renormalization group flow from the conformal point. In the supersymmetric conformal invariant model such an effect produces a very weak violation of sypersymmetry at lower energies.Comment: 15 pages, LaTex, ten figures, uuencoded fil

    Construction of Low-Energy Effective Action in N=4 Super Yang-Mills Theories

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    We review a recent progress in constructing low-energy effective action in N=4 super Yang-Mills theories. Using harmonic superspace approach we consider N=4 SYM in terms of unconstrained N=2 superfield and apply N=2 background field method to finding effective action for N=4 SU(n) SYM broken down to U(1)^(n-1). General structure of leading low-energy corrections to effective action is discussed.Comment: 8 pages, Based on a plenary talk given at the 9th International Conference on Supersymmetry and Unification of Fundamental Interactions (SUSY01), Dubna, Russia, June 11-17, 2001, to appear in the Proceeding

    Constructing the Cubic Interaction Vertex of Higher Spin Gauge Fields

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    We propose a method of construction of a cubic interaction in massless Higher Spin gauge theory both in flat and in AdS space-times of arbitrary dimensions. We consider a triplet formulation of the Higher Spin gauge theory and generalize the Higher Spin symmetry algebra of the free model to the corresponding algebra for the case of cubic interaction. The generators of this new algebra carry indexes which label the three Higher Spin fields involved into the cubic interaction. The method is based on the use of oscillator formalism and on the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) technique. We derive general conditions on the form of cubic interaction vertex and discuss the ambiguities of the vertex which result from field redefinitions. This method can in principle be applied for constructing the Higher Spin interaction vertex at any order. Our results are a first step towards the construction of a Lagrangian for interacting Higher Spin gauge fields that can be holographically studied.Comment: Published Version; comments added in introduction; minor typos and references correcte

    Dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry in supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics in three-dimensional spacetime

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    The dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry in the supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics in three-dimensional spacetime is studied at two-loop approximation. At this level, the effective superpotential is evaluated in a supersymmetric phase. At one-loop order, we observe a generation of the Chern-Simons term due to a parity violating term present in the classical action. At two-loop order, the scalar background superfield acquires a nonvanishing vacuum expectation value, generating a mass term AőĪAőĪA^{\alpha}A_{\alpha} through Coleman-Weinberg mechanism. It is observed that the mass of gauge superfield is predominantly an effect of the topological Chern-Simons term.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figures, PRD versio

    Generalized modified gravity with the second order acceleration equation

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    In the theories of generalized modified gravity, the acceleration equation is generally fourth order. So it is hard to analyze the evolution of the Universe. In this paper, we present a class of generalized modified gravity theories which have the acceleration equation of second order derivative. Then both the cosmic evolution and the weak-field limit of the theories are easily investigated. We find that not only the Big-bang singularity problem but also the current cosmic acceleration problem could be easily dealt with.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures. To appear in Phys. Rev.

    Ghost-Free Higher Derivative Quantum Gravity, the Hierarchy and the Cosmological Constant Problems

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    Proposing new solution problems of the hierarchy and smallness of the cosmological constant using the Tev scale of the Standard Model in new framework of the higher-order gravity.Comment: 5 pages referances added, published versio
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