5 research outputs found

    The evolution of the education of exceptional children in Charleston, South Carolina from 1900 to 1975

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    The purpose of this research was to identify and describe the services provided for exceptional children in the public school system of Charleston, South Carolina from 1900 to 1975. An historical approach examined the events which resulted in the establishment of special classes before services were federally mandated. Classes were established during this period incorporating a variety of interventions for the mentally retarded, the deaf and hard of hearing, the blind and vision impaired, the speech impaired and eventually the learning disabled, the behaviorally disabled and the gifted. Admission procedures, teacher qualifications and parental involvement were investigated. The attitude of the administration, the interaction between the regular and special classes and the various shifts in placement were described. Pertinent economic and policical factors directly or indirectly influencing the evolution of special classes were also discussed

    Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome

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    The sequence of the human genome encodes the genetic instructions for human physiology, as well as rich information about human evolution. In 2001, the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium reported a draft sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome. Since then, the international collaboration has worked to convert this draft into a genome sequence with high accuracy and nearly complete coverage. Here, we report the result of this finishing process. The current genome sequence (Build 35) contains 2.85 billion nucleotides interrupted by only 341 gaps. It covers ∌99% of the euchromatic genome and is accurate to an error rate of ∌1 event per 100,000 bases. Many of the remaining euchromatic gaps are associated with segmental duplications and will require focused work with new methods. The near-complete sequence, the first for a vertebrate, greatly improves the precision of biological analyses of the human genome including studies of gene number, birth and death. Notably, the human enome seems to encode only 20,000-25,000 protein-coding genes. The genome sequence reported here should serve as a firm foundation for biomedical research in the decades ahead

    Body Work: Childhood, gender and school health education in England, 1870—1977

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    This article focuses on a neglected topic in the historical sociology of childhood, namely health education, and explores a neglected theme, namely the gendered character of (re)constructions of childhood. Drawing on primary sources, the article argues that while health education for children played an important role in a broader set of British national, political strategies to ensure the health and fitness of `the Nation' during the 20th century, it was girls who were the primary targets and recipients. Gender was thus central to the `body work' in childhood that the official publications on health education sought to promote

    Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome

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