10 research outputs found

    Quasiclassical theory for the superconducting proximity effect in Dirac materials

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    We derive the quasiclassical non-equilibrium Eilenberger and Usadel equations to first order in quantities small compared to the Fermi energy, valid for Dirac edge and surface electrons with spin-momentum locking, as relevant for topological insulators. We discuss in detail several of the key technical points and assumptions of the derivation, and provide a Riccati-parametrization of the equations. Solving first the equilibrium equations for S/N and S/F bilayers and Josephson junctions, we study the superconducting proximity effect in Dirac materials. Similarly to related works, we find that the effect of an exchange field depends strongly on the direction of the field. Only components normal to the transport direction lead to attenuation of the Cooper pair wavefunction inside the F. Fields parallel to the transport direction lead to phase-shifts in the dependence on the superconducting phase difference for both the charge current and density of states in an S/F/S-junction. Moreover, we compute the differential conductance in S/N and S/F bilayers with an applied voltage bias, and determine the dependence on the length of the N and F regions and the exchange field.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Possible odd-frequency Amperean magnon-mediated superconductivity in topological insulator -- ferromagnetic insulator bilayer

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    We study the magnon-mediated pairing between fermions on the surface of a topological insulator (TI) coupled to a ferromagnetic insulator with a tilted mean field magnetization. Tilting the magnetization towards the interfacial plane reduces the magnetic band gap and leads to a shift in the effective TI dispersions. We derive and solve the self-consistency equation for the superconducting gap in two different situations, where we neglect or include the frequency dependence of the magnon propagator. Neglecting the frequency dependence results in p-wave Amperean solutions. We also find that tilting the magnetization into the interface plane favors Cooper pairs with center of mass momenta parallel to the magnetization vector, increasing TcT_c compared to the out-of-plane case. Including the frequency dependence of the magnon propagator, and solving for a low number of Matsubara frequencies, we find that the eigenvectors of the Amperean solutions at the critical temperature are dominantly odd in frequency and even in momentum, thus opening the possibility for odd-frequency Amperean pairing.Comment: 11 pages, 8 figures, updated versio

    Inverse proximity effect in ss-wave and dd-wave superconductors coupled to topological insulators

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    We study the inverse proximity effect in a bilayer consisting of a thin ss- or dd-wave superconductor (S) and a topological insulator (TI). Integrating out the topological fermions of the TI, we find that spin-orbit coupling is induced in the S, which leads to spin-triplet pp-wave (ff-wave) correlations in the anomalous Green's function for an ss-wave (dd-wave) superconductor. Solving the self-consistency equation for the superconducting order parameter, we find that the inverse proximity effect can be strong for parameters for which the Fermi momenta of the S and TI coincide. The suppression of the gap is approximately proportional to e1/λe^{-1/\lambda}, where λ\lambda is the dimensionless superconducting coupling constant. This is consistent with the fact that a higher λ\lambda gives a more robust superconducting state. For an ss-wave S, the interval of TI chemical potentials for which the suppression of the gap is strong is centered at μTI=±2mvF2μ\mu_{TI} = \pm\sqrt{2mv_F^2\mu}, and increases quadratically with the hopping parameter tt. Since the S chemical potential μ\mu typically is high for conventional superconductors, the inverse proximity effect is negligible except for tt above a critical value. For sufficiently low tt, however, the inverse proximity effect is negligible, in agreement with what has thus far been assumed in most works studying the proximity effect in S-TI structures. In superconductors with low Fermi energies, such as high-TcT_c cuprates with dd-wave symmetry, we again find a suppression of the order parameter. However, since μ\mu is much smaller in this case, a strong inverse proximity effect can occur at μTI=0\mu_{TI}=0 for much lower values of tt. Moreover, the onset of a strong inverse proximity effect is preceded by an increase in the order parameter, allowing the gap to be tuned by several orders of magnitude by small variations in μTI\mu_{TI}.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figures, updated versio

    High magnetic field superconductivity in a two-band superconductor

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    When applying an external magnetic field to a superconductor, orbital and Pauli paramagnetic pairbreaking effects govern the limit of the upper critical magnetic field that can be supported before superconductivity breaks down. Experimental studies have shown that many multiband superconductors exhibit values of the upper critical magnetic field that violate the theoretically predicted limit, giving rise to many studies treating the underlying mechanisms that allow this. In this work we consider spin-splitting induced by an external magnetic field in a superconductor with two relevant bands close to the Fermi level, and show that the presence of interband superconducting pairing produces high-field reentrant superconductivity violating the Pauli-Chandrasekhar-Clogston limit for the value of the upper critical magnetic field

    Cavity-mediated superconductor\unicode{x2013}ferromagnetic insulator coupling

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    A recent proof of concept showed that cavity photons can mediate superconducting (SC) signatures to a ferromagnetic insulator (FI) over a macroscopic distance [Phys. Rev. B, 102, 180506(R) (2020)]. In contrast with conventional proximity systems, this facilitates long-distance FI\unicode{x2013}SC coupling, local subjection to different drives and temperatures, and studies of their mutual interactions without proximal disruption of their orders. Here we derive a microscopic theory for these interactions, with an emphasis on the leading effect on the FI, namely, an induced anisotropy field. In an arbitrary practical example, we find an anisotropy field of 14 \unicode{x2013} 16 μ\muT, which is expected to yield an experimentally appreciable tilt of the FI spins for low-coercivity FIs such as Bi-YIG. We discuss the implications and potential applications of such a system in the context of superconducting spintronics.Comment: 17 pages, 8 figure

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