103 research outputs found

    Associations between plasma metal mixture exposure and risk of hypertension: A cross-sectional study among adults in Shenzhen, China

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    BackgroundMetal exposure affects human health. Current studies mainly focus on the individual health effect of metal exposure on hypertension (HTN), and the results remain controversial. Moreover, the studies assessing overall effect of metal mixtures on hypertension risk are limited.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting 1,546 Chinese adults who attended routine medical check-ups at the Eighth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen. The plasma levels of 13 metals were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Multivariate logistic regression model, restricted cubic spline (RCS) model and the Bayesian Kernel Machine Regression (BKMR) model were applied to explore the single and combined effect of metals on the risk of HTN.ResultsA total of 642 (41.5%) participants were diagnosed with HTN. In the logistic regression model, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were 0.71 (0.52, 0.97) for cobalt, 1.40 (1.04, 1.89) for calcium, 0.66 (0.48, 0.90), and 0.60 (0.43, 0.83) for aluminum in the second and third quartile, respectively. The RCS analysis showed a V-shaped or an inverse V-shaped dose-response relationship between metals (aluminum or calcium, respectively) and the risk of HTN (P for non-linearity was 0.017 or 0.009, respectively). However, no combined effect was found between metal mixture and the risk of hypertension.ConclusionsPlasma levels of cobalt, aluminum and calcium were found to be associated with the risk of HTN. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings and their potential mechanisms with prospective studies and experimental study designs

    Genetic Variants at Newly Identified Lipid Loci Are Associated with Coronary Heart Disease in a Chinese Han Population

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    Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have mapped several novel loci influencing blood lipid levels in Caucasians. We sought to explore whether the genetic variants at newly identified lipid-associated loci were associated with CHD susceptibility in a Chinese Han population. and 0.001, respectively).We identified two novel SNPs (rs599839 and rs16996148) at newly identified lipid-associated loci that were significantly associated with CHD susceptibility in a Chinese Han population

    Genome-wide association study on serum alkaline phosphatase levels in a Chinese population

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    Background: Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a complex phenotype influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Recent Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have identified several loci affecting ALP levels; however, such studies in Chinese populations are limited. We performed a GWAS analyzing the association between 658,288 autosomal SNPs and serum ALP in 1,461 subjects, and replicated the top SNPs in an additional 8,830 healthy Chinese Han individuals. The interactions between significant locus and environmental factors on serum ALP levels were further investigated. Results: The association between ABO locus and serum ALP levels was replicated (P = 2.50 × 10-21, 1.12 × 10-56 and 2.82 × 10-27 for SNP rs8176720, rs651007 and rs7025162 on ABO locus, respectively). SNP rs651007 accounted for 2.15% of the total variance of serum ALP levels independently of the other 2 SNPs. When comparing our findings with previously published studies, ethnic differences were observed across populations. A significant interaction between ABO rs651007 and overweight and obesity was observed (FDR for interaction was 0.036); for individuals with GG genotype, those with normal weight and those who were overweight or obese have similar serum ALP concentrations; minor allele A of rs651007 remarkably reduced serum ALP levels, but this effect was attenuated in overweight and obese individuals. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that ABO locus is a major determinant for serum ALP levels in Chinese Han population. Overweight and obesity modifies the effect of ABO locus on serum ALP concentrations

    Stability and Hopf bifurcation in an eco-epidemiological system with the cost of anti-predator behaviors

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    The fear effect is a powerful force in prey-predator interaction, eliciting a variety of anti-predator responses which lead to a reduction of prey growth rate. To study the impact of the fear effect on population dynamics of the eco-epidemiological system, we develop a predator-prey interaction model that incorporates infectious disease in predator population as well as the cost of anti-predator behaviors. Detailed mathematical results, including well-posedness of solutions, stability of equilibria and the occurrence of Hopf bifurcation are provided. It turns out that population density diminishes with increasing fear, and the fear effect can either destabilize the stability or induce the occurrence of periodic behavior. The theoretical results here provide a sound foundation for understanding the effect of the anti-predator behaviors on the eco-epidemiological interacti

    Flotillin-1 promotes EMT of gastric cancer via stabilizing Snail

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    Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and has been identified as the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Flotillin-1 is a lipid raft-associated scaffolding protein and plays an important role in the progression and development of several malignant carcinomas. Flotillin-1 is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of several solid tumors to promote metastasis. However, the detailed characteristics and mechanisms of Flotillin-1 in gastric cancer have rarely been investigated. In this study, we found Flotillin-1 upregulated in gastric cancer, and the high expression of Flotillin-1 correlated with a worse prognosis. The migration and invasion ability of gastric cancer cells was upregulated by overexpressing Flotillin-1. Knockdown of Flotillin-1 inhibits gastric cancer cells metastasis. Flotillin-1 is a key regulator of EMT process and promotes gastric cancer cells metastasis through inducing EMT. Flotillin-1 may interact with a deubiquitinase to inhibit the ubiquitination of Snail in gastric cancer cells to promote EMT process. Our study provides a rationale and potential target for the treatment of gastric cancer