331 research outputs found

    Fast, Efficient Calculations of the Two-Body Matrix Elements of the Transition Operators for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

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    To extract information about the neutrino properties from the study of neutrinoless double-beta (0\nu\beta\beta) decay one needs a precise computation of the nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) associated with this process. Approaches based on the Shell Model (ShM) are among the nuclear structure methods used for their computation. ShM better incorporates the nucleon correlations, but have to face the problem of the large model spaces and computational resources. The goal is to develop a new, fast algorithm and the associated computing code for efficient calculation of the two-body matrix elements (TBMEs) of the 0\nu\beta{\beta} decay transition operator, which are necessary to calculate the NMEs. This would allow us to extend the ShM calculations for double-beta decays to larger model spaces, of about 9-10 major harmonic oscillator shells. The improvement of our code consists in a faster calculation of the radial matrix elements. Their computation normally requires the numerical evaluation of two-dimensional integrals: one over the coordinate space and the other over the momentum space. By rearranging the expressions of the radial matrix elements, the integration over the coordinate space can be performed analytically, thus the computation reduces to sum up a small number of integrals over momentum. Our results for the NMEs are in a good agreement with similar results from literature, while we find a significant reduction of the computation time for TBMEs, by a factor of about 30, as compared with our previous code that uses two-dimensional integrals.Comment: 6 pages, one figur

    Constant temperature description of the nuclear level densities

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    The spin and parity dependent nuclear level densities (NLD) are calculated for medium-heavy nuclei using shell model techniques. The NLD are used to calculate cross sections and reaction rates of interest for nuclear astrophysics and nuclear energy applications. We investigate a new approach of describing the shell model NLD via a constant temperature parametrization. This approach provides new information about the effects of symmetries on the temperature of the low-lying nuclear states, and it is shown to be more versatile for applications
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