10,827 research outputs found

### Fission Hindrance in hot 216Th: Evaporation Residue Measurements

The fusion evaporation-residue cross section for 32S+184W has been measured
at beam energies of E_beam = 165, 174, 185, 196, 205, 215, 225, 236, 246,and
257 MeV using the ATLAS Fragment Mass Analyzer. The data are compared with
Statistical Model calculations and it is found that a nuclear dissipation
strength, which increases with excitation energy, is required to reproduce the
excitation function. A comparison with previously published data show that the
dissipation strength depends strongly on the shell structure of the nuclear
system.Comment: 15 pages 9 figure

### How Well Does AdS/QCD Describe QCD?

AdS/QCD is an extra-dimensional approach to modeling hadronic physics,
motivated by the AdS/CFT correspondence in string theory. AdS/QCD models are
often more accurate than would have been expected at energies below a few GeV.
We address the question of why these models are so successful, and respond to
some of the criticisms that have been waged against these models.Comment: To appear in proceedings of Crossing the Boundaries: Gauge Dynamics
at Strong Coupling (Shifmania), Minnesota, May 14-17, 2009. 12 pages, 2 eps
figure

### The Spectrum of Strings on Warped AdS_3 x S^3

String theory on NS-NS AdS_3 x S^3 admits an exactly marginal deformation
which breaks the SL(2,R)_R x SL(2,R)_L isometry of AdS_3 down to SL(2,R)_R x
U(1)_L. The holographic dual is an exotic and only partially understood type of
two-dimensional CFT with a reduced unbroken global conformal symmetry group. In
this paper we study the deformed theory on the string worldsheet. It is found
to be related by a spectral flow which is nonlocal in spacetime to the
undeformed worldsheet theory. An exact formula for the spectrum of massive
strings is presented.Comment: 26 pages, no figure

### Small world yields the most effective information spreading

Spreading dynamics of information and diseases are usually analyzed by using
a unified framework and analogous models. In this paper, we propose a model to
emphasize the essential difference between information spreading and epidemic
spreading, where the memory effects, the social reinforcement and the
non-redundancy of contacts are taken into account. Under certain conditions,
the information spreads faster and broader in regular networks than in random
networks, which to some extent supports the recent experimental observation of
spreading in online society [D. Centola, Science {\bf 329}, 1194 (2010)]. At
the same time, simulation result indicates that the random networks tend to be
favorable for effective spreading when the network size increases. This
challenges the validity of the above-mentioned experiment for large-scale
systems. More significantly, we show that the spreading effectiveness can be
sharply enhanced by introducing a little randomness into the regular structure,
namely the small-world networks yield the most effective information spreading.
Our work provides insights to the understanding of the role of local clustering
in information spreading.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figures, accepted by New J. Phy

### Circadian pattern and burstiness in mobile phone communication

The temporal communication patterns of human individuals are known to be
inhomogeneous or bursty, which is reflected as the heavy tail behavior in the
inter-event time distribution. As the cause of such bursty behavior two main
mechanisms have been suggested: a) Inhomogeneities due to the circadian and
weekly activity patterns and b) inhomogeneities rooted in human task execution
behavior. Here we investigate the roles of these mechanisms by developing and
then applying systematic de-seasoning methods to remove the circadian and
weekly patterns from the time-series of mobile phone communication events of
individuals. We find that the heavy tails in the inter-event time distributions
remain robustly with respect to this procedure, which clearly indicates that
the human task execution based mechanism is a possible cause for the remaining
burstiness in temporal mobile phone communication patterns.Comment: 17 pages, 12 figure

### Latest results from the PHOBOS experiment

Over the past years PHOBOS has continued to analyze the large datasets
obtained from the first five runs of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)
at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The two main analysis streams have been
pursued. The first one aims to obtain a broad and systematic survey of global
properties of particle production in heavy ion collisions. The second class
includes the study of fluctuations and correlations in particle production.
Both type of studies have been performed for a variety of the collision
systems, covering a wide range in collision energy and centrality. The uniquely
large angular coverage of the PHOBOS detector and its ability to measure
charged particles down to very low transverse momentum is exploited. The latest
physics results from PHOBOS, as presented at Quark Matter 2008 Conference, are
contained in this report.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figures, presented at the 20th International Conference on
Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, "Quark Matter 2008", Jaipur,
India, Feb.4-10, 200

### Black Hole Production from High Energy Scattering in AdS/CFT

In this article we show how to set up initial states in ${\cal N} =4$ SYM
theory that correspond to high energy graviton collisions, leading to black
hole formation in $AdS_5\times S^5$. For this purpose, we study states in the
gauge theory that are dual to graviton wavepackets localized at the center of
$AdS_5$, and carrying large angular momentum along the $S^5$. These states are
created by exciting only the s-wave mode of one of the complex adjoint scalars
of SYM. For a single graviton, the state is 1/2 BPS and one can show that it is
dual to a linearized 1/2 BPS geometry in the bulk. Exploiting this dictionary,
we show how to localize the particle's wavefunciton so that the dual linearized
metric has the form of a Aichelburg-Sexl shock wave. One can then put two such
shock waves into a head-on collision, which is known to produce a trapped
surface. Finally, we discuss the prospect of studying graviton scattering
directly at strong coupling in the gauge theory using a reduced model of matrix
quantum mechanics.Comment: 11 pages, revtex format, no figure

### Continuum Superpartners

In an exact conformal theory there is no particle. The excitations have
continuum spectra and are called "unparticles" by Georgi. We consider
supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model with approximate conformal
sectors. The conformal symmetry is softly broken in the infrared which
generates a gap. However, the spectrum can still have a continuum above the gap
if there is no confinement. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence this can be
achieved with a soft wall in the warped extra dimension. When supersymmetry is
broken the superpartners of the Standard Model particles may simply be a
continuum above gap. The collider signals can be quite different from the
standard supersymmetric scenarios and the experimental searches for the
continuum superpartners can be very challenging.Comment: 15 pages, 5 figures, talk at SCGT09 Workshop, Nagoya, Japan, 8-11
Dec, 200

### Parton picture for the strongly coupled SYM plasma

Deep inelastic scattering off the strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric
Yang-Mills plasma at finite temperature can be computed within the AdS/CFT
correspondence, with results which are suggestive of a parton picture for the
plasma. Via successive branchings, essentially all partons cascade down to very
small values of the longitudinal momentum fraction x and to transverse momenta
smaller than the saturation momentum Q_s\sim T/x. This scale Q_s controls the
plasma interactions with a hard probe, in particular, the jet energy loss and
its transverse momentum broadening.Comment: 4 pages, Talk given at Quark Matter 2008: 20th International
Conference on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus Nucleus Collisions (QM 2008),
Jaipur, India, 4-10 Feb 200

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