64 research outputs found

    The Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Extremely Preterm Neonates Is More than a Hemodynamic Challenge:New Molecular Insights

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    Complications to preterm birth are numerous, including the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The biological understanding of the PDA is sparse and treatment remains controversial. Herein, we speculate whether the PDA is more than a cardiovascular imbalance, and may be a marker in response to immature core molecular and physiological processes driven by biological systems, such as inflammation. To achieve a new biological understanding of the PDA, we performed echocardiography and collected plasma samples on day 3 of life in 53 consecutively born neonates with a gestational age at birth below 28 completed weeks. The proteome of these samples was analyzed by mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) and immunoassay of 17 cytokines and chemokines. We found differences in 21 proteins and 8 cytokines between neonates with a large PDA (>1.5 mm) compared to neonates without a PDA. Amongst others, we found increased levels of angiotensinogen, periostin, pro-inflammatory associations, including interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-8, and anti-inflammatory associations, including IL-1RA and IL-10. Levels of complement factors C8 and carboxypeptidases were decreased. Our findings associate the PDA with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and immune- and complement systems, indicating that PDA goes beyond the persistence of a fetal circulatory connection of the great vessels

    The Fontan operation:When and why?

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    Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery with an interarterial course and intramural part

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    Introduction: An anomalous origin and course of the right coronary artery (RCA)1 RCA = right coronary artery. is a very rare congenital anomaly that can be fatal if it remains undiscovered. Presentation of case: In this case report, we present a patient with a one-year history of exercise-induced angina and dyspnea caused by anomalous origin of the RCA from the left sinus, and anomalous course between the aorta and the pulmonary artery. Discussion: Possible mechanisms of this disease’s symptomatology are compression of the RCA between the aorta and the pulmonary artery in its anomalous inter-arterial course, and squeezing of the RCA in the proximal intramural part. Conclusion: In this report, we present some unique images of the RCAs course, which contribute to the understanding of this disease’s symptomatology. The patient successfully underwent surgery with Right Internal Mammary Artery to RCA (RIMA–RCA)2 RIMA–RCA = right Internal mammary artery to right coronary artery. bypass with complete remission of all symptoms
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