1,875 research outputs found

    Prospects for a measurement of the WW boson mass in the all-jets final state at hadron colliders

    Full text link
    Precise measurements of the mass of the WW boson are important to test the overall consistency of the Standard Model of particle physics. The current best measurements of the WW boson mass come from single production measurements at hadron colliders in its decay mode to a lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino and pair production of WW bosons at lepton colliders, where also the decay mode of the WW boson to hadrons has been considered. In this study, prospects for a measurement of the WW boson mass in the all-jet final state at hadron colliders are presented. The feasibility of this measurement takes advantage of numerous recent developments in the field of jet substructure. Compared to other methods for measuring the WW mass, a measurement in the all-jets final state would be complementary in methodology and have systematic uncertainties orthogonal to previous measurements. We have estimated the main experimental and theoretical uncertainties affecting a measurement in the all-jet final state. With new trigger strategies, a statistical uncertainty for the measurement of the mass difference between the ZZ and WW bosons of 30 MeV could be reached with HL-LHC data corresponding to 3000 fb1^{-1} of integrated luminosity. However, in order to reach that precision, the current understanding of non-perturbative contributions to the invariant mass of WqqˉW\to q\bar{q}' and ZbbˉZ\to b\bar{b} jets will need to be refined. Similar strategies will also allow the reach for generic boosted resonances searches in hadronic channels to be extended.Comment: 23 pages, 10 figures, 6 tables, Fig.10 update

    Cyclooxygenase 2: understanding the pathophysiological role through genetically altered mouse models

    Get PDF
    El pdf del artículo es la versión post-print.Cyclooxygenase (COX) -1 and –2 catalyze the first step in the biosynthesis of prostanoids. COX-1 is constitutively expressed in many tissues and seems to be involved in the house keeping function of prostanoids. COX-2, the inducible isoform, accounts for the elevated production of prostaglandins in response to various inflammatory stimuli, hormones and growth factors. COX-2 expression has been also associated with cell growth regulation, tissue remodelling and carcinogenesis. More of these characteristics have been elucidate through using COX selective inhibitors. Recent advances in transgenic and gene-targeting approaches allow a sophisticated manipulation of the mouse genome by gene addition, gene deletion or gene modifications. The development of COX-2 genetically altered mice has provided models to elucidate the physiological and pathophysiological roles of this enzyme.This work was supported by grants from Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Red de Centros C03/01), Generalitat Valenciana (GRUPOS03/072), Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (SAF2004-00957) and Comunidad de Madrid (CAM2004-GR/SAL/0388).Peer reviewe

    Jet substructure at the Large Hadron Collider

    Get PDF
    Jet substructure has emerged to play a central role at the Large Hadron Collider, where it has provided numerous innovative ways to search for new physics and to probe the standard model, particularly in extreme regions of phase space. This review focuses on the development and use of state-of-the-art jet substructure techniques by the ATLAS and CMS experiments

    Формирование профилированных импульсов напряжения для время пролетного спектрометра

    Get PDF
    В работе рассматривается возможность создания время пролетного спектрометра (ВПР) с высокой разрешающей способностью. Работа прибора основана на использовании временной группировки ионов с монотонно растущей энергией, задаваемой в анализирующим элементе ВПР спектрометра. Основная задача получения профилированных импульсов ускоряющего ионы напряжения решается с использованием оригинального формирователя, с включенной параллельно нагрузке предварительно заряженной емкости задающей уровень коррекции напряжения. Проведено моделирование различных модификаций генераторов импульсов. Разработан формирователь с частичным разрядом накопительной емкости и полупроводниковым коммутаторомThe paper considers the possibility of creating a time-of-flight spectrometer with high resolution. The operation of the device is based on the use of a time grouping of ions with a monotonically increasing energy, set in the analyzing element of the spectrometer. The main task of obtaining profiled pulses of ion-accelerating voltage is solved using an original shaper, with a pre-charged capacitance connected in parallel to the load, which sets the level of voltage correction. Various modifications of pulse generators are modeled. A shaper with a partial discharge of the storage capacity and a semiconductor switch has been develope

    Search for supersymmetry in pp collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 13 tev in the single-lepton final state using the sum of masses of large-radius jets

    Full text link
    Results are reported from a search for supersymmetric particles in proton-proton collisions in the final state with a single lepton, multiple jets, including at least one b-tagged jet, and large missing transverse momentum. The search uses a sample of proton-proton collision data at s\sqrt{s} = 13 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb1fb^{−1}. The observed event yields in the signal regions are consistent with those expected from standard model backgrounds. The results are interpreted in the context of simplified models of supersymmetry involving gluino pair production, with gluino decay into either on- or off-mass-shell top squarks. Assuming that the top squarks decay into a top quark plus a stable, weakly interacting neutralino, scenarios with gluino masses up to about 1.9 TeV are excluded at 95% confidence level for neutralino masses up to about 1 TeV

    Search for dark matter produced in association with heavy-flavor quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 13 TeV

    Full text link
    A search is presented for an excess of events with heavy-flavor quark pairs (ttt\overline{t} and bbb\overline{b}) and a large imbalance in transverse momentum in data from proton–proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13TeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 fb1fb^{−1} collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. No deviations are observed with respect to standard model predictions. The results are used in the first interpretation of dark matter production in ttt\overline{t} and bbb\overline{b} final states in a simplified model. This analysis is also the first to perform a statistical combination of searches for dark matter produced with different heavy-flavor final states. The combination provides exclusions that are stronger than those achieved with individual heavy-flavor final states

    Combination of searches for heavy resonances decaying to WW, WZ, ZZ, WH, and ZH boson pairs in proton–proton collisions at s\sqrt{s} = 8 and 13 TeV

    Full text link
    A statistical combination of searches is presented for massive resonances decaying to WW, WZ, ZZ, WH, and ZH boson pairs in proton–proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The data were taken at centre-of-mass energies of 8 and 13 TeV, corresponding to respective integrated luminosities of 19.7 and up to 2.7 fb1fb^{−1}. The results are interpreted in the context of heavy vector triplet and singlet models that mimic properties of composite-Higgs models predicting W′ and Z′ bosons decaying to WZ, WW, WH, and ZH bosons. A model with a bulk graviton that decays into WW and ZZ is also considered. This is the first combined search for WW, WZ, WH, and ZH resonances and yields lower limits on masses at 95% confidence level for W′ and Z′ singlets at 2.3 TeV, and for a triplet at 2.4 TeV. The limits on the production cross section of a narrow bulk graviton resonance with the curvature scale of the warped extra dimension k~=0.5\tilde{k}=0.5, in the mass range of 0.6 to 4.0 TeV, are the most stringent published to date
    corecore