165 research outputs found

    SmartDrive: Traction Energy Optimization and Applications in Rail Systems

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    This paper presents the development of SmartDrive package to achieve the application of energy-efficient driving strategy. The results are from collaboration between Ricardo Rail and the Birmingham Centre for Railway Research and Education (BCRRE). Advanced tram and train trajectory optimization techniques developed by BCRRE as part of the UKTRAM More Energy Efficiency Tram project have been now incorporated in Ricardo's SmartDrive product offering. The train trajectory optimization method, associated driver training and awareness package (SmartDrive) has been developed for use on tram, metro, and some heavy rail systems. A simulator was designed that can simulate the movement of railway vehicles and calculate the detailed power system energy consumption with different train trajectories when implemented on a typical AC or DC powered route. The energy evaluation results from the simulator will provide several potential energy-saving solutions for the existing route. An enhanced Brute Force algorithm was developed to achieve the optimization quickly and efficiently. Analysis of the results showed that by implementing an optimal speed trajectory, the energy usage in the network can be significantly reduced. A driver practical training system and the optimized lineside driving control signage, based on the optimized trajectory were developed for testing. This system instructed drivers to maximize coasting in segregated sections of the network and to match optimal speed limits in busier street sections. The field trials and real daily operations in the Edinburgh Tram Line, U.K., have shown that energy savings of 10%-20% are achievable

    Traction Power Substation Load Analysis with Various Train Operating Styles and Substation Fault Modes

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    Simulation of railway systems plays a key role in designing the traction power supply 13 network, managing the train operation and making changes of timetables. Various simulation 14 technologies have been developed to study the railway traction power network and train operation 15 independently. However, the inter-action among load performance, train operation and fault 16 conditions have been fully understood. This paper proposes a mathematical modeling method to 17 simulate the railway traction power network with consideration of multi-train operation, driving 18 controls, under-voltage traction, and substation fault modes. The network voltage, power load 19 demands, energy consumption according to the existing operation are studied. The hotspots of the 20 power supply network are identified based on the evaluation of train operation and power demand. 21 The impact of traction power substation (TPSS) outage and short circuit on the power supply 22 network have been simulated and analyzed. The simulation results have been analyzed and 23 compared with the normal operation. A case study based on a practical metro line in Singapore 24 Metro is developed to illustrate the power network evaluation performance

    Electronic integration of fuel cell and battery system in novel hybrid vehicle

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    AbstractThe objective of this work was to integrate a lithium ion battery pack, together with its management system, into a hydrogen fuel cell drive train contained in a lightweight city car. Electronic units were designed to link the drive train components using conventional circuitry. These were built, tested and shown to perform according to the design. These circuits allowed start-up of battery management system, motor controller, fuel cell warm-up and torque monitoring. After assembling the fuel cell and battery in the vehicle, full system tests were performed. Analysis of results from vehicle demonstrations showed operation was satisfactory. The conclusion was that the electronic integration was successful, but the design needed optimisation and fine tuning. Eight vehicles were then fitted with the electronically integrated fuel cell-battery power pack. Trials were then started to test the integration more fully, with a duration of 12 months from 2011 to 2012 in the CABLED project
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