8,592 research outputs found

### Physical processes behind the alignment effect

The radio/optical alignment effect for small powerful radio galaxies has been
shown to be produced by shock waves formed by the interaction of the head of
the jet and/or cocoon with clouds embedded in the interstellar/intergalactic
medium. We present here preliminary results of analytical and numerical
solutions that have been made to account for the production of implosive shock
waves induced by embedding cold clouds in the radio lobe of expanding powerful
radio sources.Comment: 4 pages. To be published in Multiwavelength AGN Surveys", Cozumel,
Dec 8 - 12, 200

### On recent SFR calibrations and the constant SFR approximation

Star Formation Rate (SFR) inferences are based in the so-called constant SFR
approximation, where synthesis models are require to provide a calibration; we
aims to study the key points of such approximation to produce accurate SFR
inferences. We use the intrinsic algebra used in synthesis models, and we
explore how SFR can be inferred from the integrated light without any
assumption about the underling Star Formation history (SFH). We show that the
constant SFR approximation is actually a simplified expression of more deeper
characteristics of synthesis models: It is a characterization of the evolution
of single stellar populations (SSPs), acting the SSPs as sensitivity curve over
different measures of the SFH can be obtained. As results, we find that (1) the
best age to calibrate SFR indices is the age of the observed system (i.e. about
13Gyr for z=0 systems); (2) constant SFR and steady-state luminosities are not
requirements to calibrate the SFR; (3) it is not possible to define a SFR
single time scale over which the recent SFH is averaged, and we suggest to use
typical SFR indices (ionizing flux, UV fluxes) together with no typical ones
(optical/IR fluxes) to correct the SFR from the contribution of the old
component of the SFH, we show how to use galaxy colors to quote age ranges
where the recent component of the SFH is stronger/softer than the older
component.
Particular values of SFR calibrations are (almost) not affect by this work,
but the meaning of what is obtained by SFR inferences does. In our framework,
results as the correlation of SFR time scales with galaxy colors, or the
sensitivity of different SFR indices to sort and long scale variations in the
SFH, fit naturally. In addition, the present framework provides a theoretical
guide-line to optimize the available information from data/numerical
experiments to improve the accuracy of SFR inferences.Comment: A&A accepted, 13 pages, 4 Figure

### MOND as the weak-field limit of an extended metric theory of gravity

We show that the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) regime can be fully
recovered as the weak-field limit of a particular theory of gravity formulated
in the metric approach. This is possible when Milgrom's acceleration constant
is taken as a fundamental quantity which couples to the theory in a very
consistent manner. As a consequence, the scale invariance of the gravitational
interaction is naturally broken. In this sense, Newtonian gravity is the
weak-field limit of general relativity and MOND is the weak-field limit of that
particular extended theory of gravity.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of the 2011 Spanish Relativity Meeting
(ERE2011) held in Madrid, Spain, 4 page

### ADER-WENO Finite Volume Schemes with Space-Time Adaptive Mesh Refinement

We present the first high order one-step ADER-WENO finite volume scheme with
Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) in multiple space dimensions. High order spatial
accuracy is obtained through a WENO reconstruction, while a high order one-step
time discretization is achieved using a local space-time discontinuous Galerkin
predictor method. Due to the one-step nature of the underlying scheme, the
resulting algorithm is particularly well suited for an AMR strategy on
space-time adaptive meshes, i.e.with time-accurate local time stepping. The AMR
property has been implemented 'cell-by-cell', with a standard tree-type
algorithm, while the scheme has been parallelized via the Message Passing
Interface (MPI) paradigm. The new scheme has been tested over a wide range of
examples for nonlinear systems of hyperbolic conservation laws, including the
classical Euler equations of compressible gas dynamics and the equations of
magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). High order in space and time have been confirmed
via a numerical convergence study and a detailed analysis of the computational
speed-up with respect to highly refined uniform meshes is also presented. We
also show test problems where the presented high order AMR scheme behaves
clearly better than traditional second order AMR methods. The proposed scheme
that combines for the first time high order ADER methods with space--time
adaptive grids in two and three space dimensions is likely to become a useful
tool in several fields of computational physics, applied mathematics and
mechanics.Comment: With updated bibliography informatio

### Rational points in the moduli space of genus two

We build a database of genus 2 curves defined over $\mathbb Q$ which contains
all curves with minimal absolute height $h \leq 5$, all curves with moduli
height $\mathfrak h \leq 20$, and all curves with extra automorphisms in
standard form $y^2=f(x^2)$ defined over $\mathbb Q$ with height $h \leq 101$.
For each isomorphism class in the database, an equation over its minimal field
of definition is provided, the automorphism group of the curve, Clebsch and
Igusa invariants. The distribution of rational points in the moduli space
$\mathcal M_2$ for which the field of moduli is a field of definition is
discussed and some open problems are presented

- â€¦