571 research outputs found

    Editor’s Note

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    The International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence provides an interdisciplinary forum in which scientists and professionals can share their research results and report new advances on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Multimedia techniques. The research works presented in this issue are based on various topics of interest, among which are included: 3D image reconstruction, Persian texts, usability evaluation methods, user experience, oriented matroids, flexible job-shop scheduling, business and social behavior, mobile computing and mobile devices, intelligent tutoring systems and geography optimization

    Measurements of Consensus in Multi-granular Linguistic Group Decision-making

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    The reaching of consensus in group decision-making (GDM) problems is a common task in group decision processes. In this contribution, we consider GDM with linguistic information. Different experts may have different levels of knowledge about a problem and, therefore, different linguistic term sets (multi-granular linguistic information) can be used to express their opinions. The aim of this paper is to present different ways of measuring consensus in order to assess the level of agreement between the experts in multi-granular linguistic GDM problems. To make the measurement of consensus in multi-granular GDM problems possible and easier, it is necessary to unify the information assessed in different linguistic term sets into a single one. This is done using fuzzy sets defined on a basic linguistic term set (BLTS). Once the information is uniformed, two types of measurement of consensus are carried out: consensus degrees and proximity measures. The first type assesses the agreement among all the experts' opinions, while the second type is used to find out how far the individual opinions are from the group opinion. The proximity measures can be used by a moderator in the consensus process to suggest to the experts the necessary changes to their opinions in order to be able to obtain the highest degree of consensus possible. Both types of measurements are computed in the three different levels of representation of information: pair of alternatives, alternatives and experts.TIC2002-0334

    Predicting missing pairwise preferences from similarity features in group decision making

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    In group decision-making (GDM), fuzzy preference relations (FPRs) refer to pairwise preferences in the form of a matrix. Within the field of GDM, the problem of estimating missing values is of utmost importance, since many experts provide incomplete preferences. In this paper, we propose a new method called the entropy-based method for estimating the missing values in the FPR. We compared the accuracy of our algorithm for predicting the missing values with the best candidate algorithm from state of the art achievements. In the proposed entropy-based method, we took advantage of pairwise preferences to achieve good results by storing extra information compared to single rating scores, for example, a pairwise comparison of alternatives vs. the alternative’s score from one to five stars. The entropy-based method maps the prediction problem into a matrix factorization problem, and thus the solution for the matrix factorization can be expressed in the form of latent expert features and latent alternative features. Thus, the entropy-based method embeds alternatives and experts in the same latent feature space. By virtue of this embedding, another novelty of our approach is to use the similarity of experts, as well as the similarity between alternatives, to infer the missing values even when only minimal data are available for some alternatives from some experts. Note that current approaches may fail to provide any output in such cases. Apart from estimating missing values, another salient contribution of this paper is to use the proposed entropy-based method to rank the alternatives. It is worth mentioning that ranking alternatives have many possible applications in GDM, especially in group recommendation systems (GRS).Andalusian Government P20 00673 PID2019-103880RB-I00 MCIN/AEI/10.13039/50110001103

    Hospitality brand management by a score-based q-rung orthopair fuzzy V.I.K.O.R. method integrated with the best worst method

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    Hospitality brand management is a primary concern in the hotel industry and the evaluation of brands can be considered as a decision- making problem with multiple criteria. The evaluation information of brands may be uncertain sometimes. The q-rung orthopair fuzzy set (q-R.O.F.S.), which represents the preference degree of a person from the positive and negative aspects, has turned out to be an efficient tool in depicting uncertainty and vagueness in the decision-making process. This article dedicates to presenting an integrated multiple criteria decision-making method with q-R.O.F.S.. Firstly, a score function of the q-R.O.F.S. is proposed to solve the deficiencies of two existing score functions. Then, a weight-determining method based on the additive consistency of the preference relation is developed. A decision-making method integrating the score function, the best worst method and the VIsekriterijumska optimizacija I KOmpromisno Resenje (V.I.K.O.R.) which means multiple criteria compromise optimisation in English) method is further proposed. Finally, a case study regarding the hospitality brand management is provided to show the applicability and validity of the proposed method.The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71771156, 71971145), the Scholarship from China Scholarship Council (No. 201906240161) and the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (No. RG-10-611- 39, No. RG-7-135-38)

    Advances in FUZZY techniques and applications: in occasion of Lofti Zadeh 100 birth anniversary

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    Advances in FUZZY techniques and applications: in occasion of Lotfi Zadeh 100 birth anniversary. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 27(2), pp. 280-283

    Risk assessment in project management by a graph-theory-based group decision making method with comprehensive linguistic preference information

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    The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71971145, 71771156, 72171158), the Andalusian Government under Project P20-00673, and also by the Spanish State Research Agency under Project PID2019-103880RB-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033.Risk assessment is a vital part in project management. It is possible that experts may provide comprehensive linguistic preference information in distinct forms with respect to different aspects of the risk assessment problem in investment management. It is a challenge to model and deal with comprehensive linguistic preference assessments in multiple forms given by experts. In this regard, this paper defines the generalised probabilistic linguistic preference relation (GPLPR) to represent different forms of linguistic preference information in a unified structure. Then, a probability cutting method is proposed to simplify the representation of a GPLPR. Afterwards, a graph-theory-based method is developed to improve the consistency degree of a GPLPR. A group decision making method with GPLPRs is then proposed to carry on the risk assessment in project management. Discussions regarding the comparative analysis and managerial insights are given.National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 71971145 71771156 72171158Andalusian Government P20-00673Spanish Government PID2019-103880RB-I00/AEI/10.13039/50110001103

    Assessment of Energy Systems Using Extended Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy VIKOR, and TOPSIS Approaches to Manage Non-Cooperative Opinions

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    Energy systems planning commonly involves the study of supply and demand of power, forecasting the trends of parameters established on economics and technical criteria of models. Numerous measures are needed for the fulfillment of energy system assessment and the investment plans. The higher energy prices which call for diversification of energy systems and managing the resolution of conflicts are the results of high energy demand for growing economies. Due to some challenging problems of fossil fuels, energy production and distribution from alternative sources are getting more attention. This study aimed to reveal the most proper energy systems in Saudi Arabia for investment. Hence, integrated fuzzy AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process), fuzzy VIKOR (Vlse Kriterijumska Optimizacija Kompromisno Resenje) and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preferences by Similarity to Idle Solution) methodologies were employed to determine the most eligible energy systems for investment. Eight alternative energy systems were assessed against nine criteria—power generation capacity, efficiency, storability, safety, air pollution, being depletable, net present value, enhanced local economic development, and government support. Data were collected using the Delphi method, a team of three decision-makers (DMs) was established in a heterogeneous manner with the addition of nine domain experts to carry out the analysis. The fuzzy AHP approach was used for clarifying the weight of criteria and fuzzy VIKOR and TOPSIS were utilized for ordering the alternative energy systems according to their investment priority. On the other hand, sensitivity analysis was carried out to determine the priority of investment for energy systems and comparison of them using the weight of group utility and fuzzy DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) approaches. The results and findings suggested that solar photovoltaic (PV) is the paramount renewable energy system for investment, according to both fuzzy VIKOR and fuzzy TOPSIS approaches. In this context our findings were compared with other works comprehensively.This research was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, under grant no. (RG-7-135-38). The authors, therefore, acknowledge with thanks DSR technical and financial support

    A personality-aware group recommendation system based on pairwise preferences

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    Human personality plays a crucial role in decision-making and it has paramount importance when individuals negotiate with each other to reach a common group decision. Such situations are conceivable, for instance, when a group of individuals want to watch a movie together. It is well known that people influence each other’s decisions, the more assertive a person is, the more influence they will have on the final decision. In order to obtain a more realistic group recommendation system (GRS), we need to accommodate the assertiveness of the different group members’ personalities. Although pairwise preferences are long-established in group decision-making (GDM), they have received very little attention in the recommendation systems community. Driven by the advantages of pairwise preferences on ratings in the recommendation systems domain, we have further pursued this approach in this paper, however we have done so for GRS. We have devised a three-stage approach to GRS in which we 1) resort to three binary matrix factorization methods, 2) develop an influence graph that includes assertiveness and cooperativeness as personality traits, and 3) apply an opinion dynamics model in order to reach consensus. We have shown that the final opinion is related to the stationary distribution of a Markov chain associated with the influence graph. Our experimental results demonstrate that our approach results in high precision and fairness.Spanish Government PID2019-10380RBI00/AEI/10. 13039/501100011033Andalusian Government P20_0067

    A Multi-Objective Mission Planning Method for AUV Target Search

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    How an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) performs fully automated task allocation and achieves satisfactory mission planning effects during the search for potential threats deployed in an underwater space is the focus of the paper. First, the task assignment problem is defined as a traveling salesman problem (TSP) with specific and distinct starting and ending points. Two competitive and non-commensurable optimization goals, the total sailing distance and the turning angle generated by an AUV to completely traverse threat points in the planned order, are taken into account. The maneuverability limitations of an AUV, namely, minimum radius of a turn and speed, are also introduced as constraints. Then, an improved ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm based on fuzzy logic and a dynamic pheromone volatilization rule is developed to solve the TSP. With the help of the fuzzy set, the ants that have moved along better paths are screened and the pheromone update is performed only on preferred paths so as to enhance pathfinding guidance in the early stage of the ACO algorithm. By using the dynamic pheromone volatilization rule, more volatile pheromones on preferred paths are produced as the number of iterations of the ACO algorithm increases, thus providing an effective way for the algorithm to escape from a local minimum in the later stage. Finally, comparative simulations are presented to illustrate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed algorithm and the influence of critical parameters is also analyzed and demonstrated.National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 52101347Foundations for young scientists' cultivation 7900000

    A Review on Information Accessing Systems Based on Fuzzy Linguistic Modelling

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    This paper presents a survey of some fuzzy linguistic information access systems. The review shows information retrieval systems, filtering systems, recommender systems, and web quality evaluation tools, which are based on tools of fuzzy linguistic modelling. The fuzzy linguistic modelling allows us to represent and manage the subjectivity, vagueness and imprecision that is intrinsic and characteristic of the processes of information searching, and, in such a way, the developed systems allow users the access to quality information in a flexible and user-adapted way.European Union (EU) TIN2007-61079 PET2007-0460Ministry of Public Works 90/07Excellence Andalusian Project TIC529
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