21 research outputs found

    Konvergensi Tingkat Pendapatan Studi Kasus 3 Propinsi di Pulau Jawa

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    The objective of this paper is to examine the income convergence in three provincesin Java island such as West Java, Central Java, and East Java during time period2004-2007. Using two concepts of convergences which are -convergence and -convergence, this paper show that in three regions there not found -convergenceand -convergence. This result indicated that in three provinces, if there were anincreasing in Gross Domestic Regional Product (GDRP), it always espoused withenhancing in growth GDRP, and enhancing in the gap level in one regency to theother regency. This means that the estimation result exactly confirmed the happeningof economy development with divergence not convergence

    A BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS: RESEARCH OF URBAN FARMING IN INDONESIA PERIOD 1991-2023

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    This research is related to urban farming as a major variable in this publication. The aim of this research is to investigate the profile of original scientific articles along with reviews on the topic of urban farming in Indonesia in the period 1991-2023 using bibliometric analysis. Journals related to urban farming in Indonesia published between 1991-2023 are taken from Scopus. The records analyzed and taken from the research material as characteristic of the subsequent quotation containing the distribution of the author's name, year of publication, principal author institution, publisher processed using Microsoft Excel 2016 and VOSviewer v.1.61 are used to create bibliometric diagrams. A total of 81 journals published in Scopus were written by 160 identified authors. The number of published articles continued to increase from 1991 to 2023, with the majority of articles written in English. The most cited article is Aquaculture Research with a 10-year quotation. Visualization analysis based on the accuracy of connected words in titles and abstracts has revealed several groups of research. This research contributes to providing a systematic overview of the productivity and visibility of research projects focused on urban farming in Indonesia, which is expected to be used to organize and prioritize future research.

    The determinants of China’s outward foreign direct investment in ASEAN: A panel ARDL approach

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    Research aims: This paper aims to examine factors influencing China's outward foreign direct investment (FDI) in ASEAN economies.Design/Methodology/Approach: The Kao panel cointegration approach and the Panel ARDL model were used in this study to estimate the long-run and short-run relationship between variables. This method is deemed superior to other panel models since it is advantageous when dealing with non-stationary variables at the level or I(1).Research findings: The estimation results provide empirical evidence that in the long run, ASEAN market size, exchange rate, import and export levels between China and ASEAN countries, inflation rate, and institutional factors such as the index of corruption control and political stability are the primary determinants of the flow of outward foreign direct investments from China to ASEAN economies. Theoretical contribution/Originality: This study provides additional evidence regarding the factors influencing direct investment flow from the home country to the host country, known as an outward foreign direct investment (OFDI). Previous studies have robustly proven that OFDI flows are influenced by factors such as the resources and market size of the host country, as predicted by location theory. This study further provides evidence that host country trade policy, the level of competitiveness demonstrated by favorable exchange rates, and institutional factors like corruption control and political stability are other important determinants in the context of China’s OFDI in ASEAN countries.Practitioner/Policy implication: Maintaining open trade policy, a competitive exchange rate and significant improvement in law and order would be suitable policies for ASEAN economies to attract more investment from China and other countries.Research limitation/Implication: This study did not cover other variables, such as investment facilities provided by the host government. In addition, economic packages like tax holidays and import-tariff discounts are common policies ASEAN countries provide. Hence, this variable can be considered in future research.

    Determinants of School Participation in Riau Province in 2019

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    Education has an important role in economic development, not only in driving economic growth but also in breaking intergenerational poverty. For this reason, the Government of Indonesia has implemented a 12-year compulsory education  program in the last decade. Through this program, it is hoped that school enrollment  rates will increase and economic development will be of higher quality. However, the implementation of this program was not without obstacles. This study aims to analyze the determinants of school participation in Riau Province in 2019 using data from the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS). The results of this study indicate that the education of the head of the household, the level of welfare and gender have a significant effect on school participation of children aged 7-18 years.Education has an important role in economic development, not only in driving economic growth but also in breaking inter-generation poverty. For this reason, the Government of Indonesia has implemented a 12-year compulsory education program in the last decade. Through this program, it is hoped that school enrollment rates will increase and economic development will be of higher quality. However, the implementation of this program was not without obstacles. This study aims to analyze the determinants of school participation in Riau Province in 2019 using data from the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS). The results of this study indicate that the education of the head of the household, the level of welfare and gender have a significant effect on school participation of children aged 7-18 years

    PENGARUH STRINGENCY, KORUPSI, DAN PAJAK LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT INFLOW: SEBUAH POLLUTION HEAVEN HYPOTHESIS

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    This study aims to analyze the pollution heaven phenomenon, in the case of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow from the perspective of environmental regulations (stringency), corruption, environmental taxes, and the interaction variables between stringency and corruption. Additionally, this study will investigate the impact of pollution heaven on GDP per capita, labor, and trade openness to FDI inflow. This study used the System Generalized Method of Moments estimations for 6 investor countries of the palm oil sector in Indonesia from 2009 to 2019. The main results show that stringency and corruption have a significant positive effect while the interaction between stringency and corruption has a significant negative effect on FDI inflow in the Indonesian palm oil sector. Loose environmental regulations combined with a honest bureaucracy will prevent investors from receiving legal protection. This condition indicates a significant relationship of the interaction variable between stringency and corruption on FDI inflow, therefore the pollution heaven hypothesis is invalid. Government policy regarding stringency can be improved by implementing environmental taxes. Policies related to corruption are necessary to simplify bureaucratic procedures for investors. The combination of these regulations is expected to help the Indonesian government attract FDI inflows without turning Indonesia into a pollution heaven.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fenomena pollution heaven yang terjadi dalam kasus Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow dari perspektif variabel keketatan regulasi lingkungan (stringency), korupsi, pajak lingkungan, interaksi antara stringency dan korupsi. Selain itu, penelitian ini akan menyelidiki pengaruh keberadaan pollution heaven dengan menganalisis GDP per kapita, tenaga kerja, serta keterbukaan perdagangan terhadap FDI inflow. Penelitian ini menggunakan estimasi System Generalized Method of Moments untuk 6 negara investor sektor sawit di Indonesia periode 2009 hingga 2019. Hasil estimasi menunjukkan bahwa keketatan regulasi lingkungan (stringency) dan korupsi berpengaruh positif signifikan sedangkan interaksi antara stringency dan korupsi berpengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap FDI inflow sektor sawit Indonesia. Keketatan regulasi lingkungan yang longgar didukung dengan birokrasi yang jujur mengakibatkan investor tidak mendapat perlindungan hukum dalam berinvestasi. Kondisi tersebut menunjukkan hubungan signifikan variabel interaksi antara stringency dan korupsi terhadap FDI sehingga mengakibatkan Pollution Heaven Hypothesis dinyatakan invalid. Kebijakan pemerintah terkait keketatan regulasi lingkungan diharapkan ditingkatkan dengan menerapkan pajak lingkungan. Adapun kebijakan korupsi sangat diperlukan melalui kemudahan birokrasi kepada investor. Perpaduan dua regulasi tersebut diharapkan membantu pemerintah Indonesia menarik FDI inflow tanpa harus menjadikan Indonesia sebagai negara pollution heaven

    Impact of Corruption Index to Indonesian Rubber (Hs-4001) Export

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    This study aims to see the impact of the corruption index which is suspected to be a barrier to Indonesia's rubber exports (HS-4001) to 30 major importing countries during the period 2010 - 2019. The type of data in this study is secondary data in the form of panel data with an estimated fixed effect model (FEM). to see the effect of the independent variables CPIS, ECONS, POPS and FDI on the dependent variable Indonesian rubber exports (HS-4001). The estimation results in this study indicate that the corruption index has no effect on fluctuations in Indonesia's rubber exports (HS-4001) which is caused by the long expiration of rubber products (HS-4001), while the variables of economies of scale and population of scale have a positive effect with different percentages. (2.7% and 49.14%) to Indonesia's rubber exports (HS-4001), for the FDI variable itself has a negative effect on Indonesia's rubber exports (HS-4001) with a percentage of -0.4%

    PENGARUH STRINGENCY, KORUPSI, DAN PAJAK LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT INFLOW: SEBUAH POLLUTION HEAVEN HYPOTHESIS

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    This study aims to analyze the pollution heaven phenomenon, in the case of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow from the perspective of environmental regulations (stringency), corruption, environmental taxes, and the interaction variables between stringency and corruption. Additionally, this study will investigate the impact of pollution heaven on GDP per capita, labor, and trade openness to FDI inflow. This study used the System Generalized Method of Moments estimations for 6 investor countries of the palm oil sector in Indonesia from 2009 to 2019. The main results show that stringency and corruption have a significant positive effect while the interaction between stringency and corruption has a significant negative effect on FDI inflow in the Indonesian palm oil sector. Loose environmental regulations combined with a honest bureaucracy will prevent investors from receiving legal protection. This condition indicates a significant relationship of the interaction variable between stringency and corruption on FDI inflow, therefore the pollution heaven hypothesis is invalid. Government policy regarding stringency can be improved by implementing environmental taxes. Policies related to corruption are necessary to simplify bureaucratic procedures for investors. The combination of these regulations is expected to help the Indonesian government attract FDI inflows without turning Indonesia into a pollution heaven

    Despite Pln\u27s Improved Reliability, Outage Cost To Industry Remain High

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    Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang cukup tinggi di Indonesia selama sepuluh tahun terakhir telah membawa dampak pada peningkatantajampermintaan energi listrik dan seluruh sektor perekonomian. Konsekuensi logis dari hal tersebut adalah dituntutnya penyediaan energi listrik dalam mengimbangi pertumbuhan permintaan tersebut untuk menjaga momentum pertunzbuhan yang sudah ada. Studi ini mencoba melihat perkembangan kemampuan PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara) dalam menyediakan energi listrik, khususnya bagi industri manufaktur selama sepuluh tahun terakhir. Vasil studi ini menunjukkan beberapa hal penting yang sangat relevan bagi PLN maupun industri sebagai bahan referensi dalam menentukan kebijakannya. Pertama, meskipun keandalan PLN dalam menyediakan listrik semakin baik, namun biaya yang harus ditanggung oleh industri manufaktur akibat padamnya listrik semakin tinggi. Kedua, permintaan energi listrik tampak meninglcat, namun penyediaan listrik PLN masih kurang mampu mengimbangi pertumbuhan permintaan. Hal ini menyebabkan industri membangkitkan listrik sendiri, meskipun dengan efisiensi yang lebih rendah. Kedua hasil penelitian ini memberikan implikasi kebijakan yang penting bagi PLN khususnya, yaitu pertama, PLN harus terus berusaha beroperasidalam skala yang semakin efisiendan kedua, perlunya kebijakan permintaan (demand side management) dalam upaya konsentasi energi dan mengantisipasi waktu peak penggunaan listrik. Satu hal yang patut digarisbawahi adalah bahwa implikasi kebijakan di alas bukanlah merupakan paracloks yang akan menurunkan pendapatan PLN, tetapi melalui manajemen sisi permintaan yang tepat, penurunan pendapatan PLN yang dikhawatirkan diharapkan bisa dicegah dan momentum pertumbuhan ekonomi bisa wrap terjaga. Key words: electricityPLNIndonesiareliabilityoutage cos

    STUDI PENINGKATAN EFISIENSI PRODUK BERAS DI INDONESIA

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    Sektor pertanian mempunyai peranan penting dalam perekol1oll1ian Indonesia baik pada kondisi perekonomian yang normal maupllil ketika perek()noll1ian menghadapi krisis. Peranan penting tersebllt secara mal·so dapnt d iii hat dari 2( dUel) indikator utama. yaitu: Perfama. sektor pertanian ll1erupakan penyumbang PDB Indonesia ketiga terbesar setelah sektor industri pengoiaiwil dan sektor perdagallgan. hotel dan restoran. Kedu(l. sektor pertanian lllelldoll1inasi tialam penyerapan tenaga kerja di Indonesia. Namun. bagi negara agraris seperti Indonesia. sektor perlanian kenyataann:u juga mempunyai peranan strategis yang khih besar daripada hanya sekedar sebai,wi sektor penyumbang dan penyerap tenaga kerja. sehingga peranan tersebllljllga Illesti dipertimbangkan dalam pembangunan ekonorni. Peranan strategis tersebllt ;:mtaranya adalah: Pertama, sektor pertanian merllpakan penghasil bahan makanan pokok bagi hampir seillruh penduduk Indonesia. Okh karena itll kemajuan sektor perlanian diperlukan guna menjamin tersedianya pangan bagi selurllh pendllduk dalam ll1asa pembangunan. Kedua. harga komoditas pertanian terulallla tanal11an pang;Il mel11punyai porsi yang besar dalam Indeks Harga Konsuillell. sehingga kenaikan harga komoditas terse but sangat berpengaruh terhadap stabilitas harga barang ,>eeara keseluruhan di dalam negeri. Ketiga, sektor pertanian mengha')ilkan bahan baku yang dipcrlukan olel1 sektor industri pengolah hasil pertanian. Olch karena ilu kemajuan sektor pertanian penting untuk menjamin kontuniutas pasokan bahan baku yang diperlukan ok:h industri pengolah hasil pertanian, serta 1I1llllk l1lenjal1lin keberlangsungan dan perkembangan industri-industri pendukung lainnya. Berdasarkan penman terscbut. maka kemajuan sektor pertanian dapat meneiptakan keterkailan (lntar selztnr di dnlam negeri yang lebih efektif. Keempat. sektor pel1an in n Illcnghasi Ikan kOl11od itaskomoditas yang juga diperlukan oleh penduduk belahan dunia yang laillnya. sehingga ekspor komoditas-kol11oditas tersebut dapat merupakull salah satll sumber pcndapatan devisa bagi Negara
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