389 research outputs found

    Does vimentin help to delineate the so-called 'basal type breast cancer'?

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Vimentin is one of the cytoplasmic intermediate filament proteins which are the major component of the cytoskeleton. In our study we checked the usefulness of vimentin expression in identifying cases of breast cancer with poorer prognosis, by adding vimentin to the immunopanel consisting of basal type cytokeratins, estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptors.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>179 tissue specimens of invasive operable ductal breast cancer were assessed by the use of immunohistochemistry. The median follow-up period for censored cases was 90 months.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>38 cases (21.2%) were identified as being vimentin-positive. Vimentin-positive tumours affected younger women (p = 0.024), usually lacked estrogen and progesterone receptor (p < 0.001), more often expressed basal cytokeratins (<0.001), and were high-grade cancers (p < 0.001). Survival analysis showed that vimentin did not help to delineate basal type phenotype in a triple negative (ER, PgR, HER2-negative) group. For patients with 'vimentin or CK5/6, 14, 17-positive' tumours, 5-year estimated survival rate was 78.6%, whereas for patients with 'vimentin, or CK5/6, 14, 17-negative' tumours it was 58.3% (log-rank p = 0.227).</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>We were not able to better delineate an immunohistochemical definition of basal type of breast cancer by adding vimentin to the immunopanel consisted of ER, PgR, HER2, CK5/6, 14 and 17 markers, when overall survival was a primary end-point.</p

    Potential severe asthma hidden in UK primary care

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    Funding: ISAR is conducted by Observational & Pragmatic Research Institution (OPRI), and co-funded by OPC Global and AstraZeneca. This research study was co-funded by AstraZeneca and Optimum Patient Care Global Limited, including access to the Optimum Patient Care Research Database (OPCRD).Peer reviewedPublisher PD

    Both cell proliferation and apoptosis significantly predict shortened disease-free survival in hepatocellular carcinoma

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    In this study, we investigated the proliferating cell index by the percentage of Ki-67 expressing cells (Ki-67 LI) and the apoptotic index (AI) by the number of morphologically apoptotic cells per 1000 carcinoma cells in haematoxylin and eosin sections of 76 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Both indices showed excellent correlation with each other (P < 0.0001) and were significantly higher in cases of poor differentiation, of advanced stages, with portal invasion and with intrahepatic metastasis. Furthermore, cases with higher Ki-67 LI or higher AI displayed poor outcomes for disease-free survival (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.0005) by univariate analysis. By multivariate analysis, both indices could be regarded as independent prognostic factors. These results strongly suggest that Ki-67 LI and AI have very similar clinical significance, reflecting the existence of biologically aggressive phenotypes and poor disease-free survival rate in HCC. © 1999 Cancer Research Campaig

    Ki-67 as prognostic marker in early breast cancer: a meta-analysis of published studies involving 12 155 patients

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    The Ki-67 antigen is used to evaluate the proliferative activity of breast cancer (BC); however, Ki-67's role as a prognostic marker in BC is still undefined. In order to better define the prognostic value of Ki-67/MIB-1, we performed a meta-analysis of studies that evaluated the impact of Ki-67/MIB-1 on disease-free survival (DFS) and/or on overall survival (OS) in early BC. Sixty-eight studies were identified and 46 studies including 12 155 patients were evaluable for our meta-analysis; 38 studies were evaluable for the aggregation of results for DFS, and 35 studies for OS. Patients were considered to present positive tumours for the expression of Ki-67/MIB-1 according to the cut-off points defined by the authors. Ki-67/MIB-1 positivity is associated with higher probability of relapse in all patients (HR=1.93 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.74–2.14); P<0.001), in node-negative patients (HR=2.31 (95% CI: 1.83–2.92); P<0.001) and in node-positive patients (HR=1.59 (95% CI: 1.35–1.87); P<0.001). Furthermore, Ki-67/MIB-1 positivity is associated with worse survival in all patients (HR=1.95 (95% CI: 1.70–2.24; P<0.001)), node-negative patients (HR=2.54 (95% CI: 1.65–3.91); P<0.001) and node-positive patients (HR=2.33 (95% CI: 1.83–2.95); P<0.001). Our meta-analysis suggests that Ki-67/MIB-1 positivity confers a higher risk of relapse and a worse survival in patients with early BC

    Comparison of inclusive and photon-tagged jet suppression in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions with ATLAS

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    Studies of new Higgs boson interactions through nonresonant HH production in the b¯bγγ fnal state in pp collisions at √s = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector