9,750 research outputs found

    Observation of relaxation resonance effects in the field spectrum of semiconductor lasers

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    Subsidiary maxima are observed in the field spectra of single mode semiconductor lasers. Measurements of their power dependence show they are linked to the relaxation resonance. We attribute these maxima to combined phase and amplitude fluctuations at the relaxation resonance. A theoretical calculation of the field spectrum using the results of a noise analysis incorporating carrier dynamics agrees very well with observations

    Picosecond Mode-Locking And X-Band Modulation Of Semiconductor Lasers

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    Recent developments in two areas of high speed semiconductor lasers will be addressed: (1) passive mode-locking of a segmented-contact semiconductor laser with a reliable, controllable saturable absorber which produces stable picosecond optical pulses, and (2) realization of very high frequency (X-band) direct analog modulation of a semiconductor laser diode

    Longitudinal mode spectrum of GaAs injection lasers under high-frequency microwave modulation

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    Experimental observations of the lasing spectrum of a single mode semiconductor laser under continuous microwave modulation reveal that the lasing spectrum is apparently locked to a single longitudinal mode for optical modulation depths up to ~80%, beyond which the lasing spectrum becomes multimoded, whose envelope width increases very rapidly with further increase in modulation depth. These results are satisfactorily explained by a theoretical treatment which enables one to predict the dynamic lasing spectrum of a laser from its cw lasing spectra at various output powers

    Bistability and pulsations in cw semiconductor lasers with a controlled amount of saturable absorption

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    Experimental results of a buried heterostructure cw laser with a controllable amount of saturable absorption introduced by a segmented contact are presented. With no absorption the laser is stable and has a linear output characteristic. Increasing of the saturable absorption by changing the pump current through the control segment causes the light output of the device to pulsate and to show bistable and hysteretical behavior. The introduction of a controllable amount of saturable absorption suggest the usefulness of this device in generating extremely short pulses, for example, by passive mode locking and as a bistable optical device

    Bistability and negative resistance in semiconductor lasers

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    Experimental results of a buried heterostructure laser with a segmented contact to achieve inhomogeneous gain are presented. Measurements reveal a negative differential resistance over the absorbing section. Depending on the source impedance of the dc current source driving the absorbing section, this negative resistance can lead to (i) bistability with a very large hysteresis in the light-current characteristic without self-pulsation or (ii) a small hysteresis with self-pulsations at microwave frequencies. An analysis, which includes the electrical part of the device, leads to an explanation of self-pulsations in inhomogeneously pumped lasers without having to rely on a sublinear gain dependence on injected carrier concentration

    Dynamical switching characteristics of a bistable injection laser

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    The switching characteristics of a bistable injection laser with very large hysteresis is examined. Switch-on delays are shown to exhibit a "critical" part and a "noncritical" part, both of which can be reduced by increasing the overdrive current. It is possible to obtain fairly fast switching time (<20 ns) with a strong overdrive. Nominal delays of 100–200 ns result under moderate overdrives. These long time scales are due to long carrier lifetimes in the carrier-depleted absorption section, a property intrinsic to these bistable injection lasers

    Direct amplitude modulation of short-cavity GaAs lasers up to X-band frequencies

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    Experimental and theoretical studies indicate that a high-frequency laser with bandwidths up to X-band frequencies (~> 10 GHz) should be one having a short cavity with a window structure, and preferably operating at low temperatures. These designs would accomplish the task of shortening the photon lifetime, increasing the intrinsic optical gain, and increasing the internal photon density without inflicting mirror damage. A modulation bandwidth of >8 GHz has been achieved using a 120-µm laser without any special window structure at room temperature

    Superluminescent damping of relaxation resonance in the modulation response of GaAs lasers

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    It is demonstrated experimentally that the intrinsic modulation response of injection lasers can be modified by reducing mirror reflectivities, which leads to suppression of relaxation oscillation resonance and a reduction of nonlinear distortions up to multi-GHz frequencies. A totally flat response with a 3-dB bandwidth of 5 GHz was obtained using antireflection coated buried heterostructure lasers fabricated on a semi-insulating substrate. Harmonic distortions were below 40 dB within the entire 3-dB bandwidth. These results are in accord with theoretical predictions based on an analysis which include the effects of superluminescence in the laser cavity
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