10,506 research outputs found

    Study of Scalar Mesons and Related Radiative Decays

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    After a brief review of the puzzling light scalar meson sector of QCD, a brief summary will be given of a paper concerning radiative decays involving the light scalars. There, a simple vector meson dominance model is constructed in an initial attempt to relate a large number of the radiative decays involving a putative scalar nonet to each other. As an application it is illustrated why a0(980)f0(980)a_0(980)-f_0(980) mixing is not expected to greatly alter the f0/a0f_0/a_0 production ratio for radiative ϕ\phi decays.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures, Talk presented at SUNYIT (Utica/NY) conference on High Energy Physics, June 6, 200

    Classification of generalized Hadamard matrices H(6,3) and quaternary Hermitian self-dual codes of length 18

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    All generalized Hadamard matrices of order 18 over a group of order 3, H(6,3), are enumerated in two different ways: once, as class regular symmetric (6,3)-nets, or symmetric transversal designs on 54 points and 54 blocks with a group of order 3 acting semi-regularly on points and blocks, and secondly, as collections of full weight vectors in quaternary Hermitian self-dual codes of length 18. The second enumeration is based on the classification of Hermitian self-dual [18,9] codes over GF(4), completed in this paper. It is shown that up to monomial equivalence, there are 85 generalized Hadamard matrices H(6,3), and 245 inequivalent Hermitian self-dual codes of length 18 over GF(4).Comment: 17 pages. Minor revisio

    Is there a black hole minimum mass?

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    Applying the first and generalised second laws of thermodynamics for a realistic process of near critical black hole formation, we derive an entropy bound, which is identical to Bekenstein's one for radiation. Relying upon this bound, we derive an absolute minimum mass 0.04gmPl\sim0.04 \sqrt{g_{*}}m_{\rm Pl}, where gg_{*} and mPlm_{\rm Pl} is the effective degrees of freedom for the initial temparature and the Planck mass, respectively. Since this minimum mass coincides with the lower bound on masses of which black holes can be regarded as classical against the Hawking evaporation, the thermodynamical argument will not prohibit the formation of the smallest classical black hole. For more general situations, we derive a minimum mass, which may depend on the initial value for entropy per particle. For primordial black holes, however, we show that this minimum mass can not be much greater than the Planck mass at any formation epoch of the Universe, as long as gg_{*} is within a reasonable range. We also derive a size-independent upper bound on the entropy density of a stiff fluid in terms of the energy density.Comment: 4 pages, accepted for publication in Physical Review D, minor correctio

    Coarse-grained loop algorithms for Monte Carlo simulation of quantum spin systems

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    Recently, Syljuasen and Sandvik proposed a new framework for constructing algorithms of quantum Monte Carlo simulation. While it includes new classes of powerful algorithms, it is not straightforward to find an efficient algorithm for a given model. Based on their framework, we propose an algorithm that is a natural extension of the conventional loop algorithm with the split-spin representation. A complete table of the vertex density and the worm-scattering probability is presented for the general XXZ model of an arbitrary S with a uniform magnetic field.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figures, insert a word "squared" in the first line of the caption of Fig.7 and correct the label of vertical axis of Fig.

    Fate of Vector Dominance in the Effective Field Theory

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    We reveal the full phase structure of the effective field theory for QCD, based on the hidden local symmetry (HLS) through the one-loop renormalization group equation including quadratic divergences. We then show that vector dominance (VD) is not a sacred discipline of the effective field theory but rather an accidental phenomenon peculiar to three-flavored QCD. In particular, the chiral symmetry restoration in HLS model takes place in a wide phase boundary surface, on which the VD is realized nowhere. This suggests that VD may not be valid for chiral symmetry restoration in hot and/or dense QCD.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures. One reference added. Minor modification to shorten the manuscript. This is the version to appear in Physical Review Letter

    Extended Technicolor Models with Two ETC Groups

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    We construct extended technicolor (ETC) models that can produce the large splitting between the masses of the tt and bb quarks without necessarily excessive contributions to the ρ\rho parameter or to neutral flavor-changing processes. These models make use of two different ETC gauge groups, such that left- and right-handed components of charge Q=2/3Q=2/3 quarks transform under the same ETC group, while left- and right-handed components of charge -1/3 quarks and charged leptons transform under different ETC groups. The models thereby suppress the masses mbm_b and mτm_\tau relative to mtm_t, and msm_s and mμm_\mu relative to mcm_c because the masses of the Q=1/3Q=-1/3 quarks and charged leptons require mixing between the two ETC groups, while the masses of the Q=2/3Q=2/3 quarks do not. A related source of the differences between these mass splittings is the effect of the two hierarchies of breaking scales of the two ETC groups. We analyze a particular model of this type in some detail. Although we find that this model tends to suppress the masses of the first two generations of down-type quarks and charged leptons too much, it gives useful insights into the properties of theories with more than one ETC group.Comment: 14 pages, 4 figure

    Growth of primordial black holes in a universe containing a massless scalar field

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    The evolution of primordial black holes in a flat Friedmann universe with a massless scalar field is investigated in fully general relativistic numerical relativity. A primordial black hole is expected to form with a scale comparable to the cosmological apparent horizon, in which case it may go through an initial phase with significant accretion. However, if it is very close to the cosmological apparent horizon size, the accretion is suppressed due to general relativistic effects. In any case, it soon gets smaller than the cosmological horizon and thereafter it can be approximated as an isolated vacuum solution with decaying mass accretion. In this situation the dynamical and inhomogeneous scalar field is typically equivalent to a perfect fluid with a stiff equation of state p=ρp=\rho. The black hole mass never increases by more than a factor of two, despite recent claims that primordial black holes might grow substantially through accreting quintessence. It is found that the gravitational memory scenario, proposed for primordial black holes in Brans-Dicke and scalar-tensor theories of gravity, is highly unphysical.Comment: 24 pages, accepted for publication in Physical Review
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