53,452 research outputs found

    Trace functions as Laplace transforms

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    We study trace functions on the form t\to\tr f(A+tB) where f f is a real function defined on the positive half-line, and A A and B B are matrices such that A A is positive definite and B B is positive semi-definite. If f f is non-negative and operator monotone decreasing, then such a trace function can be written as the Laplace transform of a positive measure. The question is related to the Bessis-Moussa-Villani conjecture. Key words: Trace functions, BMV-conjecture.Comment: Minor change of style, update of referenc

    Bifurcations and Complete Chaos for the Diamagnetic Kepler Problem

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    We describe the structure of bifurcations in the unbounded classical Diamagnetic Kepler problem. We conjecture that this system does not have any stable orbits and that the non-wandering set is described by a complete trinary symbolic dynamics for scaled energies larger then ϔc=0.328782
\epsilon_c=0.328782\ldots.Comment: 15 pages PostScript uuencoded with figure

    A fundamental measure theory for the sticky hard sphere fluid

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    We construct a density functional theory (DFT) for the sticky hard sphere (SHS) fluid which, like Rosenfeld's fundamental measure theory (FMT) for the hard sphere fluid [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 63}, 980 (1989)], is based on a set of weighted densities and an exact result from scaled particle theory (SPT). It is demonstrated that the excess free energy density of the inhomogeneous SHS fluid ΊSHS\Phi_{\text{SHS}} is uniquely defined when (a) it is solely a function of the weighted densities from Kierlik and Rosinberg's version of FMT [Phys. Rev. A {\bf 42}, 3382 (1990)], (b) it satisfies the SPT differential equation, and (c) it yields any given direct correlation function (DCF) from the class of generalized Percus-Yevick closures introduced by Gazzillo and Giacometti [J. Chem. Phys. {\bf 120}, 4742 (2004)]. The resulting DFT is shown to be in very good agreement with simulation data. In particular, this FMT yields the correct contact value of the density profiles with no adjustable parameters. Rather than requiring higher order DCFs, such as perturbative DFTs, our SHS FMT produces them. Interestingly, although equivalent to Kierlik and Rosinberg's FMT in the case of hard spheres, the set of weighted densities used for Rosenfeld's original FMT is insufficient for constructing a DFT which yields the SHS DCF.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figure

    Alternative method to find orbits in chaotic systems

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    We present here a new method which applies well ordered symbolic dynamics to find unstable periodic and non-periodic orbits in a chaotic system. The method is simple and efficient and has been successfully applied to a number of different systems such as the H\'enon map, disk billiards, stadium billiard, wedge billiard, diamagnetic Kepler problem, colinear Helium atom and systems with attracting potentials. The method seems to be better than earlier applied methods.Comment: 5 pages, uuencoded compressed tar PostScript fil

    Random Phase Approximation and Extensions Applied to a Bosonic Field Theory

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    An application of a self-consistent version of RPA to quantum field theory with broken symmetry is presented. Although our approach can be applied to any bosonic field theory, we specifically study the ϕ4\phi^4 theory in 1+1 dimensions. We show that standard RPA approach leads to an instability which can be removed when going to a superior version,i.e. the renormalized RPA. We present a method based on the so-called charging formula of the many electron problem to calculate the correlation energy and the RPA effective potential.Comment: 30 pages, LaTeX file, 10 figures included, final version accepted in EPJ

    Dynamical density functional theory with hydrodynamic interactions and colloids in unstable traps

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    A density functional theory for colloidal dynamics is presented which includes hydrodynamic interactions between the colloidal particles. The theory is applied to the dynamics of colloidal particles in an optical trap which switches periodically in time from a stable to unstable confining potential. In the absence of hydrodynamic interactions, the resulting density breathing mode, exhibits huge oscillations in the trap center which are almost completely damped by hydrodynamic interactions. The predicted dynamical density fields are in good agreement with Brownian dynamics computer simulations

    The health state preferences and logistical inconsistencies of New Zealanders: a tale of two tariffs

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    Notwithstanding the proposed use of Cost-Utility Analysis (CUA) to inform health care priority setting in New Zealand, to date there has been no research into New Zealanders’ valuations of health-related quality of life. This paper reports the results of a study of the health state preferences of adult New Zealanders generated from a postal survey to which 1360 people responded (a 50% response rate). The survey employed a self-completed questionnaire in which a selection of health states were described using the EQ-5D health state classification system and respondents’ valuations were sought using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Close attention is paid to the quality of the data, in particular to the ‘logical inconsistencies’ in respondents’ valuations. Regression analysis is used to interpolate values over the 245 possible EQ-5D states. Two tariffs of health state preferences, arising from contrasting treatments of the logical inconsistencies, are reported.New Zealand, EuroQol, EQ-5D

    On the nonlocal viscosity kernel of mixtures

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    In this report we investigate the multiscale hydrodynamical response of a liquid as a function of mixture composition. This is done via a series of molecular dynamics simulations where the wave vector dependent viscosity kernel is computed for three mixtures each with 7-15 different compositions. We observe that the nonlocal viscosity kernel is dependent on composition for simple atomic mixtures for all the wave vectors studied here, however, for a model polymer melt mixture the kernel is independent of composition for large wave vectors. The deviation from ideal mixing is also studied. Here it is shown that a Lennard-Jones mixture follows the ideal mixing rule surprisingly well for a large range of wave vectors, whereas for both the Kob-Andersen mixture and the polymer melt large deviations are found. Furthermore, for the polymer melt the deviation is wave vector dependent such that there exists a critical length scale at which the ideal mixing goes from under-estimating to over-estimating the viscosity

    Particle ejection during mergers of dark matter halos

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    Dark matter halos are built from accretion and merging. During merging some of the dark matter particles may be ejected with velocities higher than the escape velocity. We use both N-body simulations and single-particle smooth-field simulations to demonstrate that rapid changes to the mean field potential are responsible for such ejection, and in particular that dynamical friction plays no significant role in it. Studying a range of minor mergers, we find that typically between 5-15% of the particles from the smaller of the two merging structures are ejected. We also find that the ejected particles originate essentially from the small halo, and more specifically are particles in the small halo which pass later through the region in which the merging occurs.Comment: 18 pages, 12 figures. Accepted for publication in JCA

    LEP II physics

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