234 research outputs found

    Effect of local anisotropy on fatigue crack initiation in a coarse grained nickel-base superalloy

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    In the present work, theoretical approaches, based on grain orientation dependent Young's modulus and Schmid factor are used to describe the influence of local grain orientation on crack initiation behaviour of the coarse grained nickel base superalloy Ren\'e80. Especially for strongly anisotropic crystal structures with large grain size, such as the investigated material, the local elastic properties must be taken into account for assessment of fatigue crack initiation. With an extension of Schmid's law, the resulting shear stress amplitude, which triggers local cyclic plastic deformation, can be calculated depending on local Young's modulus and Schmid factor. A Monte Carlo simulation with 100,000 samples shows how random grain orientation affects these parameters. Furthermore, the product of Young's modulus and Schmid factor (called E‚čÖmE\cdot m) is used as a parameter to determine how grain orientation influences resulting shear stress amplitude for given total strain amplitude. In addition to the theoretical work using that approach, this model is also validated using isothermal LCF experiments by determining local grain orientation influence on the crack initiation site using SEM-EBSD analyses.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figure

    Geldpolitik in der 'Bubble-Economy'

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    Die Aktienkurse eilen derzeit von einem Rekord zum n√§chsten. Dieser schon lange anhaltende H√∂henflug der Kurse ist mit einem im historischen Vergleich hohen Kurs-Gewinn-Verh√§ltnis verbunden. Handelt es sich um eine spekulative Blase? Welche Folgen h√§tte ein pl√∂tzlicher Kursr√ľckgang f√ľr die Realwirtschaft? Wann sollte die Geldpolitik eingreifen? --

    Gl√ľcklose Medienfusionen

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    Weltweit verabschieden sich Medienunternehmen von ihrer Strategie eines integrierten Medienkonzerns und verkaufen ihre Beteiligungen. Die Argumente f√ľr eine Multimedia-Strategie klangen √ľberzeugend, sie scheinen aber in der Realit√§t nicht gegriffen zu haben. Was ist passiert? --

    Sport im Pay-TV: ein Fall f√ľr die Medienpolitik?

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    K√ľrzlich haben die Ministerpr√§sidenten der L√§nder beschlossen, im Rahmen der vierten Novellierung des Rundfunkstaatsvertrages eine Grundversorung bei der √úbertragung gro√üer Sportveranstaltungen im freien Fernsehen sicherzustellen. Sind staatliche Eingriffe in diesem Bereich aus √∂konomischer Sicht angebracht? --

    A Probabilistic Model for LCF

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    Fatigue life of components or test specimens often exhibit a significant scatter. Furthermore, size effects have a non-negligible influence on fatigue life of parts with different geometries. We present a new probabilistic model for low-cycle fatigue (LCF) in the context of polycrystalline metal. The model takes size effects and inhomogeneous strain fields into account by means of the Poisson point process (PPP). This approach is based on the assumption of independently occurring LCF cracks and the Coffin-Manson-Basquin (CMB) equation. Within the probabilistic model, we give a new and more physical interpretation of the CMB parameters which are in the original approach no material parameters in a strict sense, as they depend on the specimen geometry. Calibration and validation of the proposed model is performed using results of strain controlled LCF tests of specimens with different surface areas. The test specimens are made of the nickel base superalloy RENE 80.Comment: 20 pages, 6 figure

    Probabilistic modeling of LCF failure times using a epidemiological crack percolation model

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    The analysis of standardized low cycle fatigue (LCF) experiments shows that the failure times widely scatter. Furthermore, mechanical components often fail before the deterministic failure time is reached. A possibility to overcome these problems is to consider probabilistic failure times. Our approach for probabilistic life prediction is based on the microstructure of the metal. Since we focus on nickel-base alloys we consider a coarse grained microstructure, with random oriented FCC grains. This leads to random distributed Schmid factors and different anisotropic stress in each grain. To gain crack initiation times, we use Coffin-MansonBasquin and Ramberg-Osgood equation on stresses corrected with probabilistic Schmid factors. Using these single grain crack initiation times, we have developed an epidemiological crack growth model over multiple grains. In this mesoscopic crack percolation model, cracked grains induce a stress increase in neighboring grains. This stress increase is realized using a machine learning model trained on data generated from finite element simulations. The resulting crack clusters are evaluated with a failure criterion based on a multimodal stress intensity factor. From the generated failure times, we calculate surface dependent hazard rates using a Monte Carlo framework. We compare the obtained failure time distributions to data from LCF experiments and find good coincidence of predicted and measured scatter bands

    Probabilistic Modeling of Slip System-Based Shear Stresses and Fatigue Behavior of Coarse-Grained Ni-Base Superalloy Considering Local Grain Anisotropy and Grain Orientation

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    New probabilistic lifetime approaches for coarse grained Ni-base superalloys supplement current deterministic gas turbine component design philosophies; in order to reduce safety factors and push design limits. The models are based on statistical distributions of parameters, which determine the fatigue behavior under high temperature conditions. In the following paper, Low Cycle Fatigue (LCF) test data of several material batches of polycrystalline Ni-base superalloy René80 with different grain sizes and orientation distribution (random and textured) is presented and evaluated.The textured batch, i.e., with preferential grain orientation, showed higher LCF life. Three approaches to probabilistic crack initiation life modeling are presented. One is based on Weibull distributedcrack initiation life while the other two approaches are based on probabilistic Schmid factors. In order to create a realistic Schmid factor distribution, polycrystalline finite element models of thespecimens were generated using Voronoi tessellations and the local mechanical behavior investigated in dependence of different grain sizes and statistically distributed grain orientations. All modelswere first calibrated with test data of the material with random grain orientation and then used to predict the LCF life of the material with preferential grain orientation. By considering the local multiaxiality and resulting inhomogeneous shear stress distributions, as well as grain interaction through polycrystalline Finite Element Analysis (FEA) simulation, the best consistencies between predicted and observed crack initiation lives could be achieved
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