10,855 research outputs found

    The helium star donor channel for the progenitors of type Ia supernovae and their surviving companion stars

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    The nature of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is still unclear. Employing Eggleton's stellar evolution code with the optically thick wind assumption, we systematically studied the He star donor channel of SNe Ia, in which a carbon-oxygen white dwarf accretes material from a He main-sequence star or a He subgiant to increase its mass to the Chandrasekhar mass. We mapped out the initial parameters for producing SNe Ia in the orbital period--secondary mass plane for various WD masses from this channel. According to a detailed binary population synthesis approach, we find that this channel can produce SNe Ia with short delay times (~100Myr) implied by recent observations. We obtained many properties of the surviving companions of this channel after SN explosion, which can be verified by future observations. We also find that the surviving companions from the SN explosion scenario have a high spatial velocity (>400km/s), which could be an alternative origin for hypervelocity stars (HVSs), especially for HVSs such as US 708.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, to appear in the proceedings of the conference "Binary Star Evolution: Mass Loss, Accretion, and Mergers" at Mykonos, Greece, June 22-25, 201

    He-accreting carbon-oxygen white dwarfs and type Ia supernovae

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    He accretion onto carbon-oxygen white dwarfs (CO WDs) plays a fundamental role when studying the formation of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). Employing the MESA stellar evolution code, we calculated the long-term evolution of He-accreting CO WDs. Previous studies usually supposed that a WD can grow in mass to the Chandrasekhar limit in the stable He burning region and finally produce a SN Ia. However, in this study we find that off-centre carbon ignition occurs in the stable He burning region if the accretion rate is above a critical value (~2.05*10^{-6}{M_\odot}{yr}^-1), resulting in accretion-induced collapse rather than a SN Ia. If the accretion rate is below the critical value, explosive carbon ignition will eventually happen in the centre producing a SN Ia. Taking into account the possibility of off-centre carbon ignition, we have re-determined the initial parameter space that produces SNe Ia in the He star donor channel, one of the promising channels to produce SNe Ia in young populations. Since this parameter space is smaller than was found in the previous study of Wang et al. (2009), the SN Ia rates are also correspondingly smaller. We also determined the chemical abundance profile of the He-accreting WDs at the moment of explosive carbon ignition, which can be used as initial input for SN Ia explosion models.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Producing type Iax supernovae from a specific class of helium-ignited WD explosions?

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    It has recently been proposed that one sub-class of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is sufficiently both distinct and common to be classified separately from the bulk of SNe Ia, with a suggested class name of "type Iax supernovae" (SNe Iax), after SN 2002cx. However, their progenitors are still uncertain. We study whether the population properties of this class might be understood if the events originate from a subset of sub-Chandrasekhar mass explosions. In this potential progenitor population, a carbon--oxygen white dwarf (CO WD) accumulates a helium layer from a non-degenerate helium star; ignition of that helium layer then leads to ignition of the CO WD. We incorporated detailed binary evolution calculations for the progenitor systems into a binary population synthesis model to obtain rates and delay times for such events. The predicted Galactic event rate of these explosions is ~1.5\times10^{-3}{yr}^{-1} according to our standard model, in good agreement with the measured rates of SNe Iax. In addition, predicted delay times are ~70Myr-800Myr, consistent with the fact that most of SNe Iax have been discovered in late-type galaxies. If the explosions are assumed to be double-detonations -- following current model expectations -- then based on the CO WD masses at explosion we also estimate the distribution of resulting SN brightness (-13 \gtrsim M_{bol} \gtrsim -19mag), which can reproduce the empirical diversity of SNe Iax. We speculate on why binaries with non-degenerate donor stars might lead to SNe Iax if similar systems with degenerate donors do not. We suggest that the high mass of the helium layer necessary for ignition at the lower accretion rates typically delivered from non-degenerate donors might be necessary to produce SN 2002cx-like characteristics, perhaps even by changing the nature of the CO ignition.Comment: 8 pages, 10 figures, 1 table, accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysic