350 research outputs found

    Sea Cucumbers and Flying Solo

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    Survey of theater patrons : done for New American Theater, Rockford, Il., May 1994

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    This Study seeks to gain insights into the attitudes and perceptions of current New American Theater Patrons. It also seeks to compile a profile of the best customer segment for New American Theater to target. This study has the following objectives in mind: 1. To determine the current audiences perceptions of N.A.T.'s offerings, services, pricing, advertising, and fund-raising. 2. To determine if and where N.A.T. is failing to meet any audience needs or wants. 3. To determine which market segments N .A.T. should target with their offering.B.S. (Bachelor of Science

    Leukotriene and purinergic receptors are involved in the hyperpolarizing effect of glucagon in liver cells

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    AbstractThe pancreatic hormone glucagon hyperpolarizes the liver cell membrane. In the present study, we investigated the cellular signalling pathway of glucagon-induced hyperpolarization of liver cells by using the conventional microelectrode method. The membrane potential was recorded in superficial liver cells of superfused mouse liver slices. In the presence of the K+ channel blockers tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1 mmol/l) and Ba2+ (BaCl2, 5 mmol/l) and the blocker of the Na+/K+ ATPase, ouabain (1 mmol/l), no glucagon-induced hyperpolarization was observed confirming previous findings. The hyperpolarizing effect of glucagon was abolished by the leukotriene B4 receptor antagonist CP 195543 (0.1 mmol/l) and the purinergic receptor antagonist PPADS (5 μmol/l). ATPγS (10 μmol/l), a non-hydrolyzable ATP analogue, induced a hyperpolarization of the liver cell membrane similar to glucagon. U 73122 (1 μmol/l), a blocker of phospholipase C, prevented both the glucagon- and ATPγS-induced hyperpolarization. These findings suggest that glucagon affects the hepatic membrane potential partly by inducing the formation and release of leukotrienes and release of ATP acting on purinergic receptors of the liver cell membrane

    Single Spin Asymmetry ANA_N in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at s=200\sqrt{s}=200 GeV

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    We report a high precision measurement of the transverse single spin asymmetry ANA_N at the center of mass energy s=200\sqrt{s}=200 GeV in elastic proton-proton scattering by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The ANA_N was measured in the four-momentum transfer squared tt range 0.003t0.0350.003 \leqslant |t| \leqslant 0.035 \GeVcSq, the region of a significant interference between the electromagnetic and hadronic scattering amplitudes. The measured values of ANA_N and its tt-dependence are consistent with a vanishing hadronic spin-flip amplitude, thus providing strong constraints on the ratio of the single spin-flip to the non-flip amplitudes. Since the hadronic amplitude is dominated by the Pomeron amplitude at this s\sqrt{s}, we conclude that this measurement addresses the question about the presence of a hadronic spin flip due to the Pomeron exchange in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure

    Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry and cross section for inclusive neutral pion production at midrapidity in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV

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    We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A_LL and the differential cross section for inclusive Pi0 production at midrapidity in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV. The cross section was measured over a transverse momentum range of 1 < p_T < 17 GeV/c and found to be in good agreement with a next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculation. The longitudinal double-spin asymmetry was measured in the range of 3.7 < p_T < 11 GeV/c and excludes a maximal positive gluon polarization in the proton. The mean transverse momentum fraction of Pi0's in their parent jets was found to be around 0.7 for electromagnetically triggered events.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. D (RC

    Measurement of the parity-violating longitudinal single-spin asymmetry for W±W^{\pm} boson production in polarized proton-proton collisions at s=500\sqrt{s} = 500 GeV

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    We report the first measurement of the parity violating single-spin asymmetries for midrapidity decay positrons and electrons from W+W^{+} and WW^{-} boson production in longitudinally polarized proton-proton collisions at s=500\sqrt{s}=500 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The measured asymmetries, ALW+=0.27±0.10  (stat.)±0.02  (syst.)±0.03  (norm.)A^{W^+}_{L}=-0.27\pm 0.10\;({\rm stat.})\pm 0.02\;({\rm syst.}) \pm 0.03\;({\rm norm.}) and ALW=0.14±0.19  (stat.)±0.02  (syst.)±0.01  (norm.)A^{W^-}_{L}=0.14\pm 0.19\;({\rm stat.})\pm 0.02 \;({\rm syst.})\pm 0.01\;({\rm norm.}), are consistent with theory predictions, which are large and of opposite sign. These predictions are based on polarized quark and antiquark distribution functions constrained by polarized DIS measurements.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, submitted to Physics Review Letter

    Plasma Wakefield Acceleration with a Modulated Proton Bunch

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    The plasma wakefield amplitudes which could be achieved via the modulation of a long proton bunch are investigated. We find that in the limit of long bunches compared to the plasma wavelength, the strength of the accelerating fields is directly proportional to the number of particles in the drive bunch and inversely proportional to the square of the transverse bunch size. The scaling laws were tested and verified in detailed simulations using parameters of existing proton accelerators, and large electric fields were achieved, reaching 1 GV/m for LHC bunches. Energy gains for test electrons beyond 6 TeV were found in this case.Comment: 9 pages, 7 figure

    The energy dependence of ptp_t angular correlations inferred from mean-ptp_{t} fluctuation scale dependence in heavy ion collisions at the SPS and RHIC

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    We present the first study of the energy dependence of ptp_t angular correlations inferred from event-wise mean transverse momentum fluctuations in heavy ion collisions. We compare our large-acceptance measurements at CM energies $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 19.6, 62.4, 130 and 200 GeV to SPS measurements at 12.3 and 17.3 GeV. $p_t$ angular correlation structure suggests that the principal source of $p_t$ correlations and fluctuations is minijets (minimum-bias parton fragments). We observe a dramatic increase in correlations and fluctuations from SPS to RHIC energies, increasing linearly with $\ln \sqrt{s_{NN}}$ from the onset of observable jet-related fluctuations near 10 GeV.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figure
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