389 research outputs found

    Possible evidence of a spontaneous spin-polarization in mesoscopic 2D electron systems

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    We have experimentally studied the non-equilibrium transport in low-density clean 2D electron systems at mesoscopic length scales. At zero magnetic field (B), a double-peak structure in the non-linear conductance was observed close to the Fermi energy in the localized regime. From the behavior of these peaks at non-zero B, we could associate them to the opposite spin states of the system, indicating a spontaneous spin polarization at B = 0. Detailed temperature and disorder dependence of the structure shows that such a splitting is a ground state property of the low-density 2D systems.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Distinguishing impurity concentrations in GaAs and AlGaAs, using very shallow undoped heterostructures

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    We demonstrate a method of making a very shallow, gateable, undoped 2-dimensional electron gas. We have developed a method of making very low resistivity contacts to these structures and systematically studied the evolution of the mobility as a function of the depth of the 2DEG (from 300nm to 30nm). We demonstrate a way of extracting quantitative information about the background impurity concentration in GaAs and AlGaAs, the interface roughness and the charge in the surface states from the data. This information is very useful from the perspective of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth. It is difficult to fabricate such shallow high-mobility 2DEGs using modulation doping due to the need to have a large enough spacer layer to reduce scattering and switching noise from remote ionsied dopants.Comment: 4 pages, 5 eps figure

    Surface-acoustic-wave driven planar light-emitting device

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    Electroluminescence emission controlled by means of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in planar light-emitting diodes (pLEDs) is demonstrated. Interdigital transducers for SAW generation were integrated onto pLEDs fabricated following the scheme which we have recently developed. Current-voltage, light-voltage and photoluminescence characteristics are presented at cryogenic temperatures. We argue that this scheme represents a valuable building block for advanced optoelectronic architectures

    Magnetic Field Induced Instabilities in Localised Two-Dimensional Electron Systems

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    We report density dependent instabilities in the localised regime of mesoscopic two-dimensional electron systems (2DES) with intermediate strength of background disorder. They are manifested by strong resistance oscillations induced by high perpendicular magnetic fields B_{\perp}. While the amplitude of the oscillations is strongly enhanced with increasing B_{\perp}, their position in density remains unaffected. The observation is accompanied by an unusual behaviour of the temperature dependence of resistance and activation energies. We suggest the interplay between a strongly interacting electron phase and the background disorder as a possible explanation.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Possible effect of collective modes in zero magnetic field transport in an electron-hole bilayer

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    We report single layer resistivities of 2-dimensional electron and hole gases in an electron-hole bilayer with a 10nm barrier. In a regime where the interlayer interaction is stronger than the intralayer interaction, we find that an insulating state (dρ/dT<0d\rho/dT < 0) emerges at T1.5KT\sim1.5{\rm K} or lower, when both the layers are simultaneously present. This happens deep in the ""metallic" regime, even in layers with kFl>500k_{F}l>500, thus making conventional mechanisms of localisation due to disorder improbable. We suggest that this insulating state may be due to a charge density wave phase, as has been expected in electron-hole bilayers from the Singwi-Tosi-Land-Sj\"olander approximation based calculations of L. Liu {\it et al} [{\em Phys. Rev. B}, {\bf 53}, 7923 (1996)]. Our results are also in qualitative agreement with recent Path-Integral-Monte-Carlo simulations of a two component plasma in the low temperature regime [ P. Ludwig {\it et al}. {\em Contrib. Plasma Physics} {\bf 47}, No. 4-5, 335 (2007)]Comment: 5 pages + 3 EPS figures (replaced with published version

    Quantized charge pumping through a quantum dot by surface acoustic waves

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    We present a realization of quantized charge pumping. A lateral quantum dot is defined by metallic split gates in a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. A surface acoustic wave whose wavelength is twice the dot length is used to pump single electrons through the dot at a frequency f=3GHz. The pumped current shows a regular pattern of quantization at values I=nef over a range of gate voltage and wave amplitude settings. The observed values of n, the number of electrons transported per wave cycle, are determined by the number of electronic states in the quantum dot brought into resonance with the fermi level of the electron reservoirs during the pumping cycle.Comment: 8 page

    Acoustic charge transport in n-i-n three terminal device

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    We present an unconventional approach to realize acoustic charge transport devices that takes advantage from an original input region geometry in place of standard Ohmic input contacts. Our scheme is based on a n-i-n lateral junction as electron injector, an etched intrinsic channel, a standard Ohmic output contact and a pair of in-plane gates. We show that surface acoustic waves are able to pick up electrons from a current flowing through the n-i-n junction and steer them toward the output contact. Acoustic charge transport was studied as a function of the injector current and bias, the SAW power and at various temperatures. The possibility to modulate the acoustoelectric current by means of lateral in-plane gates is also discussed. The main advantage of our approach relies on the possibility to drive the n-i-n injector by means of both voltage or current sources, thus allowing to sample and process voltage and current signals as well.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures. Submitted to Applied Physics Letter

    Theory of the in-plane photoelectric effect in a two-dimensional electron system

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    A new photoelectric phenomenon, the in-plane photoelectric (IPPE) effect, has been recently discovered at terahertz (THz) frequencies in a GaAs/Alx_xGa1x_{1-x}As heterostructure with a two-dimensional (2D) electron gas (W. Michailow et al., Science Advances, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abi8398). In contrast to the conventional PE phenomena, the IPPE effect is observed at normal incidence of radiation, the height of the in-plane potential step, which electrons overcome after absorption of a THz photon, is electrically tunable by gate voltages, and the effect is maximal at a negative electron "work function", when the Fermi energy lies above the potential barrier. Based on the discovered phenomenon, efficient detection of THz radiation has been demonstrated. In this work we present a detailed theory of the IPPE effect providing analytical results for the THz wave generated photocurrent, the quantum efficiency, and the internal responsivity of the detector, in dependence on the frequency, the gate voltages, and the geometrical parameters of the detector. The calculations are performed for macroscopically wide samples at zero temperature. Results of the theory are applicable to any semiconductor systems with 2D electron gases, including III-V structures, silicon-based field effect transistors, and the novel 2D layered, graphene-related materials.Comment: 21 pages, 15 figures, substantially revised improved versio
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