699 research outputs found

    Transport through a quantum spin Hall quantum dot

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    Quantum spin Hall insulators, recently realized in HgTe/(Hg,Cd)Te quantum wells, support topologically protected, linearly dispersing edge states with spin-momentum locking. A local magnetic exchange field can open a gap for the edge states. A quantum-dot structure consisting of two such magnetic tunneling barriers is proposed and the charge transport through this device is analyzed. The effects of a finite bias voltage beyond linear response, of a gate voltage, and of the charging energy in the quantum dot are studied within a combination of Green-function and master-equation approaches. Among other results, a partial recurrence of non-interacting behavior is found for strong interactions, and the possibility of controlling the edge magnetization by a locally applied gate voltage is proposed.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figure

    Selection-rule blockade and rectification in quantum heat transport

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    We introduce a new thermal transport phenomenon, a unidirectional selection-rule blockade, and show how it produces unprecedented rectification of bosonic heat flow through molecular or mesoscopic quantum systems. Rectification arises from the quantization of energy levels of the conduction element and selection rules of reservoir coupling operators. The simplest system exhibiting the selection-rule blockade is an appropriately coupled three-level system, providing a candidate for a high-performance heat diode. We present an analytical treatment of the transport problem and discuss how the phenomenon generalizes to multilevel systems.Comment: 4 pages, 3 Fig

    Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Trapping in Glass Capillaries

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    Acoustic traps are used to capture and handle suspended microparticles and cells in microfluidic applications. A particular simple and much-used acoustic trap consists of a commercially available, millimeter-sized, liquid-filled glass capillary actuated by a piezoelectric transducer. Here, we present a three-dimensional numerical model of the acoustic pressure field in the liquid coupled to the displacement field of the glass wall, taking into account mixed standing and traveling waves as well as absorption. The model predicts resonance modes well suited for acoustic trapping, their frequencies and quality factors, the magnitude of the acoustic radiation force on a single test particle as a function of position, and the resulting acoustic retention force of the trap. We show that the model predictions are in agreement with published experimental results, and we discuss how improved and more stable acoustic trapping modes might be obtained using the model as a design tool.Comment: 13 pages, 15 pdf figures, pdfLatex/Revte

    Quantum Phase Transition in Coupled Superconducting Quantum Dots Array with Charge Frustration

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    We present the quantum phase transition in two capacitively coupled arrays of superconducting quantum dots (SQD). We consider the presence of gate voltage in each superconducting island. We show explicitly that the co-tunneling process involves with two coupled SQD arrays, near the maximum charge frustration line is not sufficient to explain the correct quantum phases with physically consistent phase boundaries. We consider another extra co-tunneling process along each chain to explain the correct quantum phases with physically consistent phase boundaries. There is no evidence of supersolid phase in our study. We use Bethe-ansatz and Abelian bosonization method to solve the problemComment: pages 4 +, comments are welcom

    Dephasing in a quantum dot coupled to a quantum point contact

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    We investigate a dephasing mechanism in a quantum dot capacitively coupled to a quantum point contact. We use a model which was proposed to explain the 0.7 structure in point contacts, based on the presence of a quasi-bound state in a point contact. The dephasing rate is examined in terms of charge fluctuations of electrons in the bound state. We address a recent experiment by Avinun-Kalish {\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 92}, 156801 (2004)], where a double peak structure appears in the suppressed conductance through the quantum dot. We show that the two conducting channels induced by the bound state are responsible for the peak structure.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Temperature dependent deviations from ideal quantization of plateau conductances in GaAs quantum point contacts

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    We present detailed experimental studies of the temperature dependence of the plateau conductance of GaAs quantum point contacts in the temperature range from 0.3 K to 10 K. Due to a strong lateral confinement produced by a shallow-etching technique we are able to observe the following unexpected feature: a linear temperature dependence of the measured mid-plateau conductance. We discuss an interpretation in terms of a temperature dependent, intrinsic series resistance, due to non-ballistic effects in the 2D-1D transition region. These results have been reproduced in several samples from different GaAs/GaAlAs heterostructures and observed in different experimental set-ups.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures; to appear in proceedings of ICPS 2002, Edinburg

    Oscillatory tunneling magnetoresistance in magnetic tunnel junctions with inserted nonmagnetic layer

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    Oscillatory tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) as a function of spacer thickness is investigated theoretically for a magnetic tunnel junction with a nonmagnetic layer inserted between the tunnel barrier and the ferromagnetic layer. TMR is characterized in an analytical form, that is expressed with the transmission and reflection amplitudes of single interfaces at the Fermi level, and by the extremal wavevectors. Electronic structures with multiple bands are taken into account in the derivation characterizing the TMR, and the proposed analytical expression can be directly applied to real junctions. Based on our model, the features of TMR dependence on spacer thickness are discussed, including selection rules for the oscillation period. Numerical calculations are performed using an envelope-function theory for several cases, and we show that our model is in good agreement with the exact result.Comment: 21 pages (preprint), 6 figure

    Spectral Properties of Statistical Mechanics Models

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    The full spectrum of transfer matrices of the general eight-vertex model on a square lattice is obtained by numerical diagonalization. The eigenvalue spacing distribution and the spectral rigidity are analyzed. In non-integrable regimes we have found eigenvalue repulsion as for the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble in random matrix theory. By contrast, in integrable regimes we have found eigenvalue independence leading to a Poissonian behavior, and, for some points, level clustering. These first examples from classical statistical mechanics suggest that the conjecture of integrability successfully applied to quantum spin systems also holds for classical systems.Comment: 4 pages, 1 Revtex file and 4 postscript figures tarred, gzipped and uuencode

    Time-convolutionless master equation for quantum dots: Perturbative expansion to arbitrary order

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    The master equation describing the non-equilibrium dynamics of a quantum dot coupled to metallic leads is considered. Employing a superoperator approach, we derive an exact time-convolutionless master equation for the probabilities of dot states, i.e., a time-convolutionless Pauli master equation. The generator of this master equation is derived order by order in the hybridization between dot and leads. Although the generator turns out to be closely related to the T-matrix expressions for the transition rates, which are plagued by divergences, in the time-convolutionless generator all divergences cancel order by order. The time-convolutionless and T-matrix master equations are contrasted to the Nakajima-Zwanzig version. The absence of divergences in the Nakajima-Zwanzig master equation due to the nonexistence of secular reducible contributions becomes rather transparent in our approach, which explicitly projects out these contributions. We also show that the time-convolutionless generator contains the generator of the Nakajima-Zwanzig master equation in the Markov approximation plus corrections, which we make explicit. Furthermore, it is shown that the stationary solutions of the time-convolutionless and the Nakajima-Zwanzig master equations are identical. However, this identity neither extends to perturbative expansions truncated at finite order nor to dynamical solutions. We discuss the conditions under which the Nakajima-Zwanzig-Markov master equation nevertheless yields good results.Comment: 13 pages + appendice
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