9,178 research outputs found

    Reach of the Fermilab Tevatron for minimal supergravity in the region of large scalar masses

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    The reach of the Fermilab Tevatron for supersymmetric matter has been calculated in the framework of the minimal supergravity model in the clean trilepton channel. Previous analyses of this channel were restricted to scalar masses m_0<= 1 TeV. We extend the analysis to large values of scalar masses m_0\sim 3.5 TeV. This includes the compelling hyperbolic branch/focus point (HB/FP) region, where the superpotential \mu parameter becomes small. In this region, assuming a 5\sigma (3\sigma) signal with 10 (25) fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity, the Tevatron reach in the trilepton channel extends up to m_{1/2}\sim 190 (270) GeV independent of \tan\beta . This corresponds to a reach in terms of the gluino mass of m_{\tg}\sim 575 (750) GeV.Comment: 11 page latex file including 6 EPS figures; several typos corrected and references adde

    Supersymmetry Reach of Tevatron Upgrades: The Large tanβ\tan\beta Case

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    The Yukawa couplings of the tau lepton and the bottom quark become comparable to, or even exceed, electroweak gauge couplings for large values of the SUSY parameter tanβ\tan\beta. As a result, the lightest tau slepton \ttau_1 and bottom squark \tb_1 can be significantly lighter than corresponding sleptons and squarks of the first two generations. Gluino, chargino and neutralino decays to third generation particles are significantly enhanced when tanβ\tan\beta is large. This affects projections for collider experiment reach for supersymmetric particles. In this paper, we evaluate the reach of the Fermilab Tevatron ppˉp\bar p collider for supersymmetric signals in the framework of the mSUGRA model. We find that the reach via signatures with multiple isolated leptons (ee and μ\mu) is considerably reduced. For very large tanβ\tan\beta, the greatest reach is attained in the multi-jet+\eslt signature. Some significant extra regions may be probed by requiring the presence of an identified bb-jet in jets+\eslt events, or by requiring one of the identified leptons in clean trilepton events to actually be a hadronic 1 or 3 charged prong tau. In an appendix, we present formulae for chargino, neutralino and gluino three body decays which are valid at large tanβ\tan\beta.Comment: 31 page Revtex file including 10 PS figure

    Hidden SUSY at the LHC: the light higgsino-world scenario and the role of a lepton collider

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    While the SUSY flavor, CP and gravitino problems seem to favor a very heavy spectrum of matter scalars, fine-tuning in the electroweak sector prefers low values of superpotential mass \mu. In the limit of low \mu, the two lightest neutralinos and light chargino are higgsino-like. The light charginos and neutralinos may have large production cross sections at LHC, but since they are nearly mass degenerate, there is only small energy release in three-body sparticle decays. Possible dilepton and trilepton signatures are difficult to observe after mild cuts due to the very soft p_T spectrum of the final state isolated leptons. Thus, the higgsino-world scenario can easily elude standard SUSY searches at the LHC. It should motivate experimental searches to focus on dimuon and trimuon production at the very lowest p_T(\mu) values possible. If the neutralino relic abundance is enhanced via non-standard cosmological dark matter production, then there exist excellent prospects for direct or indirect detection of higgsino-like WIMPs. While the higgsino-world scenario may easily hide from LHC SUSY searches, a linear e^+e^- collider or a muon collider operating in the \sqrt{s}\sim 0.5-1 TeV range would be able to easily access the chargino and neutralino pair production reactions.Comment: 20 pages including 12 .eps figure

    Implications of Compressed Supersymmetry for Collider and Dark Matter Searches

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    Martin has proposed a scenario dubbed ``compressed supersymmetry'' (SUSY) where the MSSM is the effective field theory between energy scales M_{\rm weak} and M_{\rm GUT}, but with the GUT scale SU(3) gaugino mass M_3<< M_1 or M_2. As a result, squark and gluino masses are suppressed relative to slepton, chargino and neutralino masses, leading to a compressed sparticle mass spectrum, and where the dark matter relic density in the early universe may be dominantly governed by neutralino annihilation into ttbar pairs via exchange of a light top squark. We explore the dark matter and collider signals expected from compressed SUSY for two distinct model lines with differing assumptions about GUT scale gaugino mass parameters. For dark matter signals, the compressed squark spectrum leads to an enhancement in direct detection rates compared to models with unified gaugino masses. Meanwhile, neutralino halo annihilation rates to gamma rays and anti-matter are also enhanced relative to related scenarios with unified gaugino masses but, depending on the halo dark matter distribution, may yet be below the sensitivity of indirect searches underway. In the case of collider signals, we compare the rates for the potentially dominant decay modes of the stop_1 which may be expected to be produced in cascade decay chains at the LHC: \tst_1\to c\tz_1 and \tst_1\to bW\tz_1. We examine the extent to which multilepton signal rates are reduced when the two-body decay mode dominates. For the model lines that we examine here, the multi-lepton signals, though reduced, still remain observable at the LHC.Comment: 22 pages including 24 eps figure

    Mixed Higgsino Dark Matter from a Large SU(2) Gaugino Mass

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    We observe that in SUSY models with non-universal GUT scale gaugino mass parameters, raising the GUT scale SU(2) gaugino mass |M_2| from its unified value results in a smaller value of -m_{H_u}^2 at the weak scale. By the electroweak symmetry breaking conditions, this implies a reduced value of \mu^2 {\it vis \`a vis} models with gaugino mass unification. The lightest neutralino can then be mixed Higgsino dark matter with a relic density in agreement with the measured abundance of cold dark matter (DM). We explore the phenomenology of this high |M_2| DM model. The spectrum is characterized by a very large wino mass and a concomitantly large splitting between left- and right- sfermion masses. In addition, the lighter chargino and three light neutralinos are relatively light with substantial higgsino components. The higgsino content of the LSP implies large rates for direct detection of neutralino dark matter, and enhanced rates for its indirect detection relative to mSUGRA. We find that experiments at the LHC should be able to discover SUSY over the portion of parameter space where m_{\tg} \alt 2350-2750 ~GeV, depending on the squark mass, while a 1 TeV electron-positron collider has a reach comparable to that of the LHC. The dilepton mass spectrum in multi-jet + \ell^+\ell^- + \eslt events at the LHC will likely show more than one mass edge, while its shape should provide indirect evidence for the large higgsino content of the decaying neutralinos.Comment: 36 pages with 26 eps figure

    The Reach of the Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LHC for Gaugino Mediated SUSY Breaking Models

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    In supersymmetric models with gaugino mediated SUSY breaking (inoMSB), it is assumed that SUSY breaking on a hidden brane is communicated to the visible brane via gauge superfields which propagate in the bulk. This leads to GUT models where the common gaugino mass m1/2m_{1/2} is the only soft SUSY breaking term to receive contributions at tree level. To obtain a viable phenomenology, it is assumed that the gaugino mass is induced at some scale McM_c beyond the GUT scale, and that additional renormalization group running takes place between McM_c and MGUTM_{GUT} as in a SUSY GUT. We assume an SU(5) SUSY GUT above the GUT scale, and compute the SUSY particle spectrum expected in models with inoMSB. We use the Monte Carlo program ISAJET to simulate signals within the inoMSB model, and compute the SUSY reach including cuts and triggers approriate to Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LHC experiments. We find no reach for SUSY by the Tevatron collider in the trilepton channel. %either with or without %identified tau leptons. At the CERN LHC, values of m1/2=1000m_{1/2}=1000 (1160) GeV can be probed with 10 (100) fb1^{-1} of integrated luminosity, corresponding to a reach in terms of mtgm_{\tg} of 2150 (2500) GeV. The inoMSB model and mSUGRA can likely only be differentiated at a linear e+ee^+e^- collider with sufficient energy to produce sleptons and charginos.Comment: 17 page revtex file with 9 PS figure

    Trileptons from Chargino-Neutralino Production at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

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    We study direct production of charginos and neutralinos at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We simulate all channels of chargino and neutralino production using ISAJET 7.07. The best mode for observing such processes appears to be pp\to\tw_1\tz_2\to 3\ell +\eslt. We evaluate signal expectations and background levels, and suggest cuts to optimize the signal. The trilepton mode should be viable provided m_{\tg}\alt 500-600~GeV; above this mass, the decay modes \tz_2\to\tz_1 Z and \tz_2\to H_{\ell}\tz_1 become dominant, spoiling the signal. In the first case, the leptonic branching fraction for ZZ decay is small and additional background from WZWZ is present, while in the second case, the trilepton signal is essentially absent. For smaller values of mtgm_{\tg}, the trilepton signal should be visible above background, especially if μmtg|\mu|\simeq m_{\tg} and m_{\tell}\ll m_{\tq}, in which case the leptonic decays of \tz_2 are enhanced. Distributions in dilepton mass m(ˉ)m(\ell\bar{\ell}) can yield direct information on neutralino masses due to the distribution cutoff at m_{\tz_2}-m_{\tz_1}. Other distributions that may lead to an additional constraint amongst the chargino and neutralino masses are also examined.Comment: preprint nos. FSU-HEP-940310 and UH-511-786-94, 13 pages (REVTEX) plus 7 uuencoded figures attache

    SUSY backgrounds to Standard Model calibration processes at the LHC

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    One of the first orders of business for LHC experiments after beam turn-on will be to calibrate the detectors using well understood Standard Model (SM) processes such as W and Z production and ttbar production. These familiar SM processes can be used to calibrate the electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters, and also to calibrate the associated missing transverse energy signal. However, the presence of new physics may already affect the results coming from these standard benchmark processes. We show that the presence of relatively low mass supersymmetry (SUSY) particles may give rise to significant deviations from SM predictions of Z+jets and W+jets events for jet multiplicity 4\ge 4 or 5\ge 5, respectively. Furthermore, the presence of low mass SUSY may cause non-standard deviations to appear in top quark invariant and transverse mass distributions. Thus, effects that might be construed as detector mal-performance could in fact be the presence of new physics. We advocate several methods to check when new physics might be present within SM calibration data.Comment: 14 pages, 6 figures, 3 table

    Book Review: George E. Demacopoulos and Aristotle Papanikolou, eds. Christianity, Democracy, and the Shadow of Constantine

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    A review of George E. Demacopoulos and Aristotle Papanikolou, eds. Christianity, Democracy, and the Shadow of Constantine. New York: Fordham University Press, 2017. 978-082327420

    Testing the gaugino AMSB model at the Tevatron via slepton pair production

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    Gaugino AMSB models-- wherein scalar and trilinear soft SUSY breaking terms are suppressed at the GUT scale while gaugino masses adopt the AMSB form-- yield a characteristic SUSY particle mass spectrum with light sleptons along with a nearly degenerate wino-like lightest neutralino and quasi-stable chargino. The left- sleptons and sneutrinos can be pair produced at sufficiently high rates to yield observable signals at the Fermilab Tevatron. We calculate the rate for isolated single and dilepton plus missing energy signals, along with the presence of one or two highly ionizing chargino tracks. We find that Tevatron experiments should be able to probe gravitino masses into the ~55 TeV range for inoAMSB models, which corresponds to a reach in gluino mass of over 1100 GeV.Comment: 14 pages including 6 .eps figure
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