5,032 research outputs found

    Comments on "Observation of Long-Range, Near-Side Angular Correlations in proton-proton Collisions at the LHC" by CMS Collaboration. arXiv:1009.4122[hep-ex]

    Full text link
    We present comments on the paper "Observation of Long-Range, Near-Side Angular Correlations in proton-proton Collisions at the LHC"

    An Ad-Hoc Facility for Forward Angle Neutron Time-of-Flight Experiments: The 12-C(p,n)12-N Reaction

    Get PDF
    This work was supported by National Science Foundation Grant PHY 75-00289 and Indiana Universit

    Effect of hard processes on momentum correlations in pppp and ppˉp\bar{p} collisions

    Full text link
    The HBT radii extracted in p-pbar and pp collisions at SPS and Tevatron show a clear correlation with the charged particle rapidity density. We propose to explain the correlation using a simple model where the distance from the initial hard parton-parton scattering to the hadronization point depends on the energy of the partons emitted. Since the particle multiplicity is correlated with the mean energy of the partons produced we can explain the experimental observations without invoking scenarios that assume a thermal fireball. The model has been applied with success to the existing experimental data both in the magnitude and the intensity of the correlation. As well, the model has been extended to pp collisions at the LHC energy of 14 TeV. The possibilities of a better insight into the string spatial development using 3D HBT analysis is discussed.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure

    Vacancy defects in epitaxial thin film CuGaSe2 and CuInSe2

    Get PDF
    Epitaxial thin film CuGaSe2 and CuInSe2 samples grown on GaAs substrates with varying [Cu]/[Ga,In] ratios were studied using positron annihilation Doppler-broadening spectroscopy and were compared to bulk crystals. We find both Cu monovacancies and Cu-Se divacancies in CuInSe2, whereas, in CuGaSe2, the only observed vacancy defect is the Cu-Se divacancy.Peer reviewe

    Forward Neutron Production at the Fermilab Main Injector

    Full text link
    We have measured cross sections for forward neutron production from a variety of targets using proton beams from the Fermilab Main Injector. Measurements were performed for proton beam momenta of 58 GeV/c, 84 GeV/c, and 120 GeV/c. The cross section dependence on the atomic weight (A) of the targets was found to vary as A(alpha)A^(alpha) where α\alpha is 0.46±0.060.46\pm0.06 for a beam momentum of 58 GeV/c and 0.54±\pm0.05 for 120 GeV/c. The cross sections show reasonable agreement with FLUKA and DPMJET Monte Carlos. Comparisons have also been made with the LAQGSM Monte Carlo.Comment: Accepted for publication in Physical Review D. This version incorporates small changes suggested by referee and small corrections in the neutron production cross sections predicted by FLUK

    Search for Branons at LEP

    Full text link
    We search, in the context of extra-dimension scenarios, for the possible existence of brane fluctuations, called branons. Events with a single photon or a single Z-boson and missing energy and momentum collected with the L3 detector in e^+ e^- collisions at centre-of-mass energies sqrt{s}=189-209$ GeV are analysed. No excess over the Standard Model expectations is found and a lower limit at 95% confidence level of 103 GeV is derived for the mass of branons, for a scenario with small brane tensions. Alternatively, under the assumption of a light branon, brane tensions below 180 GeV are excluded

    Study of Spin and Decay-Plane Correlations of W Bosons in the e+e- -> W+W- Process at LEP

    Get PDF
    Data collected at LEP at centre-of-mass energies \sqrt(s) = 189 - 209 GeV are used to study correlations of the spin of W bosons using e+e- -> W+W- -> lnqq~ events. Spin correlations are favoured by data, and found to agree with the Standard Model predictions. In addition, correlations between the W-boson decay planes are studied in e+e- -> W+W- -> lnqq~ and e+e- -> W+W- -> qq~qq~ events. Decay-plane correlations, consistent with zero and with the Standard Model predictions, are measured

    Ultrarelativistic sources in nonlinear electrodynamics

    Get PDF
    The fields of rapidly moving sources are studied within nonlinear electrodynamics by boosting the fields of sources at rest. As a consequence of the ultrarelativistic limit the delta-like electromagnetic shock waves are found. The character of the field within the shock depends on the theory of nonlinear electrodynamics considered. In particular, we obtain the field of an ultrarelativistic charge in the Born-Infeld theory.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure
    • …