89 research outputs found

    Pair supersolid of the extended Bose-Hubbard model with atom-pair hopping on the triangular Lattice

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    We systematically study an extended Bose-Hubbard model with atom hopping and atom-pair hopping in the presence of a three-body constraint on the triangular lattice. By means of large-scale Quantum Monte Carlo simulations, the ground-state phase diagram are studied. We find a continuous transition between the atomic superfluid phase and the pair superfluid when the ratio of the atomic hopping and the atom-pair hopping is adapted. We then focus on the interplay among the atom-pair hopping, the on-site repulsion and the nearest-neighbor repulsion. With on-site repulsion present, we observe first order transitions between the Mott Insulators and pair superfluid driven by the pair hopping. With the nearest-neighbor repulsion turning on, three typical solid phases with 2/3, 1 and 4/3-filling emerge at small atom-pair hopping region. A stable pair supersolid phase is found at small on-site repulsion. This is due to the three-body constraint and the pair hopping, which essentially make the model a quasi hardcore boson system. Thus the pair supersolid state emerges basing on the order-by-disorder mechanism, by which hardcore bosons avoid classical frustration on the triangular lattice. The transition between the pair supersolid and the pair superfluid is first order, except for the particle-hole symmetric point. We compare the results with those obtained by means of mean-field analysis.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figure

    Crossover phenomena involving the dense O(nn) phase

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    We explore the properties of the low-temperature phase of the O(nn) loop model in two dimensions by means of transfer-matrix calculations and finite-size scaling. We determine the stability of this phase with respect to several kinds of perturbations, including cubic anisotropy, attraction between loop segments, double bonds and crossing bonds. In line with Coulomb gas predictions, cubic anisotropy and crossing bonds are found to be relevant and introduce crossover to different types of behavior. Whereas perturbations in the form of loop-loop attractions and double bonds are irrelevant, sufficiently strong perturbations of these types induce a phase transition of the Ising type, at least in the cases investigated. This Ising transition leaves the underlying universal low-temperature O(nn) behavior unaffected.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figure

    Typicality at quantum-critical points

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    We discuss the concept of typicality of quantum states at quantum-critical points, using projector Monte Carlo simulations of an S = 1/2 bilayer Heisenberg antiferromagnet as an illustration. With the projection (imaginary) time τ scaled as τ = aLz , L being the system length and z the dynamic critical exponent (which takes the value z = 1 in the bilayer model studied here), a critical point can be identified which asymptotically flows to the correct location and universality class with increasing L, independently of the prefactor a and the initial state. Varying the proportionality factor a and the initial state only changes the cross-over behavior into the asymptotic large-L behavior. In some cases, choosing an optimal factor a may also lead to the vanishing of the leading finite-size corrections. The observation of typicality can be used to speed up simulations of quantum criticality, not only within the Monte Carlo approach but also with other numerical methods where imaginary-time evolution is employed, e.g., tensor network states, as it is not necessary to evolve fully to the ground state but only for sufficiently long times to reach the typicality regime.Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11734002 and 11775021), the National Science Foundation (Grant No. DMR-1710170), and a Simons Investigator Award. (11734002 - National Natural Science Foundation of China; 11775021 - National Natural Science Foundation of China; DMR-1710170 - National Science Foundation; Simons Investigator Award)Accepted manuscrip