1,998 research outputs found

    Baryon electric dipole moments from strong CP violation

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    The electric dipole form factors and moments of the ground state baryons are calculated in chiral perturbation theory at next-to-leading order. We show that the baryon electric dipole form factors at this order depend only on two combinations of low-energy constants. We also derive various relations that are free of unknown low-energy constants. We use recent lattice QCD data to calculate all baryon EDMs. In particular, we find d_n = -2.9\pm 0.9 and d_p = 1.1\pm 1.1 in units of 10^{-16} e \theta_0 cm. Finite volume corrections to the moments are also worked out. We show that for a precision extraction from lattice QCD data, the next-to-leading order terms have to be accounted for.Comment: 30 pages, 8 figures, to appear in JHE

    Triangular singularity and a possible ϕp\phi p resonance in the Λc+π0ϕp\Lambda^+_c \to \pi^0 \phi p decay

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    We study the Λc+π0ϕp\Lambda^+_c \to \pi^0 \phi p decay by considering a triangle singularity mechanism. In this mechanism, the Λc+\Lambda^+_c decays into the KΣ(1385)K^* \Sigma^*(1385), the Σ(1385)\Sigma^*(1385) decays into the π0Σ\pi^0 \Sigma (or Λ\Lambda), and then the KΣK^* \Sigma (or Λ\Lambda) interact to produce the ϕp\phi p in the final state. This mechanism produces a peak structure around 20202020 MeV. In addition, the possibility that there is a hidden-strange pentaquark-like state is also considered by taking into account the final state interactions of KΛK^* \Lambda, KΣK^* \Sigma, and ϕp\phi p. We conclude that it is difficult to search for the hidden-strange analogue of the PcP_c states in this decay. However, we do expect nontrivial behavior in the ϕp\phi p invariant mass distribution. The predictions can be tested by experiments such as BESIII, LHCb and Belle-II.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

    Light quark mass dependence in heavy quarkonium physics

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    The issue of chiral extrapolations in heavy quarkonium systems is discussed. We show that the light quark mass dependence of the properties of heavy quarkonia is not always suppressed. For quarkonia close to an open flavor threshold, even a nonanalytic chiral extrapolation is needed. Both these nontrivial facts are demonstrated to appear in the decay widths of the hindered M1 transitions between the first radially excited and ground state P-wave charmonia. The results at a pion mass of about 500 MeV could deviate from the value at the physical pion mass by a factor of two. Our findings show the necessity of performing chiral extrapolations for lattice simulations of heavy quarkonium systems.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures. Version to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

    Isospin and a possible interpretation of the newly observed X(1576)

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    Recently, the BES collaboration observed a broad resonant structure X(1576) with a large width being around 800 MeV and assigned its JPCJ^{PC} number to 11^{--}. We show that the isospin of this resonant structure should be assigned to 1. This state might be a molecule state or a tetraquark state. We study the consequences of a possible K(892)K^*(892)-κˉ{\bar \kappa} molecular interpretation. In this scenario, the broad width can easily be understood. By using the data of B(J/ψXπ0)B(XK+K)B(J/\psi\to X\pi^0)\cdot B(X\to K^+K^-), the branching ratios B(J/ψXπ0)B(Xπ+π)B(J/\psi\to X\pi^0)\cdot B(X\to \pi^+\pi^-) and B(J/ψXπ0)B(XK+Kπ+π)B(J/\psi\to X\pi^0)\cdot B(X\to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-) are further estimated in this molecular state scenario. It is shown that the Xπ+πX\to \pi^+\pi^- decay mode should have a much larger branching ratio than the XK+KX\to K^+K^- decay mode has. As a consequence, this resonant structure should also be seen in the J/ψπ+ππ0J/\psi\to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0 and J/ψK+Kπ+ππ0J/\psi\to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0 processes, especially in the former process. Carefully searching this resonant structure in the J/ψπ+ππ0J/\psi\to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0 and J/ψK+Kπ+ππ0J/\psi\to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0 decays should be important for understanding the structure of X(1567).Comment: 5 pages, ReVTeX4, 3 figures. Version accepted for publication as a brief report in Phys. Rev.

    Cumulants of the QCD topological charge distribution

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    The distribution of the QCD topological charge can be described by cumulants, with the lowest one being the topological susceptibility. The vacuum energy density in a theta-vacuum is the generating function for these cumulants. In this paper, we derive the vacuum energy density in SU(2) chiral perturbation theory up to next-to-leading order keeping different up and down quark masses, which can be used to calculate any cumulant of the topological charge distribution. We also give the expression for the case of SU(N) with degenerate quark masses. In this case, all cumulants depend on the same linear combination of low-energy constants and chiral logarithm, and thus there are sum rules between the N-flavor quark condensate and the cumulants free of next-to-leading order corrections.Comment: match the version published in PL

    Effective Field Theory in The Study of Long Range Nuclear Parity Violation on Lattice

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    A non-zero signal Aγnp=(3.0±1.4±0.2)×108A_\gamma^\mathrm{np}=(-3.0\pm1.4\pm0.2)\times 10^{-8} of the gamma-ray asymmetry in the neutron-proton capture was recently reported by the NPDGamma Collaboration which provides the first determination of the ΔI=1\Delta I=1 parity-odd pion-nucleon coupling constant hπ1=(2.6±1.2±0.2)×107h_\pi^1=(2.6\pm 1.2\pm 0.2)\times 10^{-7}. The ability to reproduce this value from first principles serves as a direct test of our current understanding of the interplay between the strong and weak interaction at low energy. To motivate new lattice studies of hπ1h_\pi^1, we review the current status of the theoretical understanding of this coupling, which includes our recent work that relates it to a nucleon mass-splitting by a soft-pion theorem. We further investigate the possibility of calculating the mass-splitting on the lattice by providing effective field theory parameterizations of all the involved quark contraction diagrams. We show that the lattice calculations of the easier connected diagrams will provide information of the chiral logarithms in the much harder quark loop diagrams and thus help in the chiral extrapolation of the latter.Comment: 43 pages, 3 figures, 1 table. Accepted by EPJ

    Anomalous decays of eta' and eta into four pions

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    We calculate the branching ratios of the yet unmeasured eta' decays into four pions, based on a combination of chiral perturbation theory and vector-meson dominance. The decays eta' --> 2(pi+ pi-) and eta' --> pi+ pi- 2pi0 are P-wave dominated and can largely be thought to proceed via two rho resonances; we predict branching fractions of (1.0+-0.3)*10^-4 and (2.4+-0.7)*10^-4, respectively, not much lower than the current experimental upper limits. The decays eta' --> 4pi0 and eta --> 4pi0, in contrast, are D-wave driven as long as conservation of CP symmetry is assumed, and are significantly further suppressed; any experimental evidence for the decay eta --> 4pi0 could almost certainly be interpreted as a signal of CP violation. We also calculate the CP-violating amplitudes for eta' --> 4pi0 and eta --> 4pi0 induced by the QCD theta-term.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures; references updated, version published in Phys. Rev.
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