9 research outputs found

    Exercise and quality of life in patients with cystic fibrosis: A 12-week intervention study

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    It was hypothesised that increased exercise capacity is related to improved quality of life (QoL) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A 12-week individually tailored unsupervised aerobic exercise programme was offered to 42 patients with CF. At the start and at the end of the exercise programme, data on QoL, current exercise habits and preferences, anthropometric data, exercise test, and lung function test were collected. Adherence was observed by a heart rate (HR) monitor. A total of 24 patients accepted to be enrolled in the exercise programme and 14 completed the programme. Another 14 patients declined to be enrolled in the exercise programme but completed the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults (CFQ-R 14+). Four patients did not want to participate at all. The 14 patients completing the exercise programme had a significantly increased VO2max, but they showed no significant change in total QoL score. However, the scores in the domain of treatment burden and emotional functioning increased significantly. There was no significant difference in QoL and lung function between patients participating in the exercise programme (n = 24) and non-participants (n = 14). A 12-week individually tailored unsupervised aerobic exercise programme where HR monitors were used significantly affected VO2max. Improvement in QoL could not be demonstrated in this study

    Comparison of physical fitness between healthy and mild‐to‐moderate asthmatic children with exercise symptoms: A cross‐sectional study

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    .Objective Asthma is a chronic disease that may affect physical fitness, although its primary effects on exercise capacity, muscle strength, functionality and lifestyle, in children and adolescents, are still poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lifestyle, lung function, and functionality between asthmatics with exercise symptoms and healthy children. In addition, we have analyzed the association between clinical history and the presence of asthma. Study Design Cross-sectional study including 71 patients with a diagnosis of asthma and 71 healthy children and adolescents (7–17 years of age). Anthropometric data, clinical history, disease control, lifestyle (KIDMED and physical activity questionnaires), lung function (spirometry), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction test, aerobic fitness (cardiopulmonary exercise test), muscle strength and functionality (timed up and go; timed up and down stairs) were evaluated. Results Seventy-one patients with asthma (mean age 11.5 ± 2.7) and 71 healthy subjects (mean age 10.7 ± 2.5) were included. All asthmatic children had mild to moderate and stable asthma. EIB occurred in 56.3% of asthmatic children. Lung function was significantly (p < .05) lower in the asthmatic group when compared to healthy peers, as well as the cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lifestyle and functionality. Moreover, asthmatic children were more likely to have atopic dermatitis, allergic reactions, food allergies, and a family history of asthma when compared to healthy children. Conclusions Children with mild-to-moderate asthma presenting exercise symptoms show a reduction in cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, lung function, functionality, and lifestyle when compared to healthy peers. The study provides data for pediatricians to support exercise practice aiming to improve prognosis and quality of life in asthmatic children.S

    Spina bifida at the sacral level: more than minor gait disturbances

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    Objective: To investigate functional outcome in two groups of children with sacral level paralysis: myelomeningocele (MMC) versus lipomyelomeningocele (LMMC). Additionally both groups were compared with each other and when possible with reference values. Design: Cross-sectional study by means of ( 1) clinical assessment, and ( 2) disability measurement. Setting: Spina bifida outpatient clinic at a university hospital in the Netherlands. Subjects: Sample of 30 children with MMC and 14 with LMMC. Mean age (SD) 6.0 (4.9) and 8.4 ( 4.9) years respectively. Main measures: Muscle strength, ambulation level, motor performance (Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) and Movement Assessment Battery for Children), and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Results: The majority of patients in both groups were normal ambulant, 14/21 (67%) in MMC and 9/14 (64%) in LMMC. Ambulation was strongly associated with muscle strength of hip abductors (odds ratio (OR): 13.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.5 - 73.7), and ankle dorsal-flexor muscles ( OR: 110, 95% CI 8.9 - 135.9). No significant differences were found in lesion and ambulation level. Muscle strength and motor performance were significantly lower in the MMC group than in the LMMC group ( p <0.05). PEDI scores were comparable in both groups. Most problems were noted in mobility skills and caregiver assistance in self-care, especially regarding bladder and bowel management. Conclusions: Gross motor and functional problems were seen in both groups. The MMC group showed more muscle weakness and motor problems. However, in both groups caregiver assistance was needed for a prolonged period, especially regarding bladder and bowel management. These findings need special attention, particularly in children who attend regular schools

    Osteogenesis imperfecta in childhood: Prognosis for walking

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    Objectives: We studied the predicted value of disease-related characteristics for the ability of children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) to walk. Study design: The severity of OI was classified according to Sillence. The parents were asked to report the age at which the child achieved motor milestones, the fracture incidence, and the age and localization of the first surgical intervention, The present main means of mobility was classified according to Bleck. Results: There were 76 replies to the 98 questionnaires, of which 70 were included (type I, 41; type III, 11; type IV, 18). The type of OI was strongly associated with current walking ability, as was the presence of dentinogenesis imperfecta. Patients with type III and IV had a lower chance of ultimately walking compared with those with type I. Children with more than 2 intramedullary rods in the lower extremities had a reduced chance of walking than patients without rods. Rolling over before 8 months, unsupported sitting before 9 months, the ability to get in sitting position without support before 12 months, and the ability to get in a standing position without support before 12 months showed positive odds ratios. In Bleck greater than or equal to 4, multivariate analysis revealed that only the presence of redding (yes/no) in the lower extremities had additional predictive value to the type of OI. The presence of dentinogenesis imperfecta and redding (yes/no) had additional value in Bleck greater than or equal to 5. Conclusion: The type of OI is the single most important clinical indicator of the ultimate ability to walk. Information about motor development adds little. The early achievement of motor milestones contributes to the ability of independent walking when the type of OI is uncertain. Intramedullary redding of the lower extremities is primarily related to the severity of the disease and in this way provides consequences for the ability to walk

    Motor performance and disability in Dutch children with haemophilia: a comparison with their healthy peers

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    We investigated whether haemophilic children who are on prophylactic therapy differ from their healthy peers in terms of motor performance and disability. Thirty-nine children, aged 4-12 years, with moderate (eight) and severe (31) haemophilia were included. Patients with severe haemophilia received primary prophylactic therapy that was individually tailored. The number of target joints, amount of swelling, range of motion, muscular strength and pain were measured, as well as motor skills and disability. The scores were compared to the normal population. No patients had target joints. Normal range of motion in all joints was seen in 97% (38/39) of the patients. Strength of elbow, knee, and ankle muscles were within the normal ranges. Ninety-five percent (37/39) of the patients had normal motor performance. Although 90% of our patients (35/39) had no disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL), 79% (31/39) of them reported that the disease impacted on their lives. Seventy-two percent (28/39) of the patients had pain, and in 21% (6/28) of them this was mainly caused by injections. Restrictions in sports or gymnastics were seen in 56% (22/39) of the patients. Those who indicated that they experienced pain and those who indicated restrictions in sports had a higher chance of experiencing disease impact compared to those who did not have these limitations. There were no significant differences between patients with moderate and severe haemophilia. In general, Dutch children with moderate or severe haemophilia are comparable with their healthy peers with regard to motor performance and ADL. However, a majority of the patients perceive an impact of their disease associated with pain and restrictions in sports
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