8,440 research outputs found

    A Way to the Dark Side of the Universe through Extra Dimensions

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    As indicated by Einstein's general relativity, matter and geometry are two faces of a single nature. In our point of view, extra dimensions, as a member of the {\em geometry face}, will be treated as a part of the {\em matter face} when they are beyond our poor vision, thereby providing dark energy sources effectively. The geometrical structure and the evolution pattern of extra dimensions therefore may play an important role in cosmology. Various possible impacts of extra dimensions on cosmology are investigated. In one way, the evolution of homogeneous extra dimensions may contribute to dark energy, driving the accelerating expansion of the universe. In the other way, both the energy perturbations in the ordinary three-space, combined with homogeneous extra dimensions, and the inhomogeneities in the extra space may contribute to dark matter. In this paper we wish to sketch the basic idea and show how extra dimensions may lead to the dark side of our universe.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures. To appear in the proceedings of 2002 International Symposium on Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics (NTU, Taipei, Taiwan), May 31 - June 2, 200

    Channels of published research communication used by Malaysian authors in computer science and information technology

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    Analyse 389 records retrieved from Inspec (1990-1999), Compendex (1987-1999) and IEL (IEE/IEEE Electronic library)(1987-1999). The records comprised 159 journal articles, 229 conference papers and 1 monograph chapter. The subject coverage was computer science and information technology. The yearly output of Malaysian publications indicated a gentle upward trend. The highest contributions was 87 published in 1997. The channels used to publish differ slightly from the norm for scientists. Conference papers were preferred to journal articles. The spread of conference papers used to publish indicate three zonal distributions; the nucleus, moderate and low productivity in the ratio of 19 : 41 : 88, leading to a clustering index of 2.15. This shows that Malaysian conference contributions were concentrated in a few proceedings. No clear core journals can be identified for the journal articles and contributions were distributed in a wide variety of journal titles. Malaysian Journal of Computer Science published the highest number of journal articles. More than 83 of the articles were published in journals from the UK, USA, the Netherlands and Malaysia