11 research outputs found

    Scaled-free objects II

    Full text link
    This work creates two categories of "array-weighted sets" for the purposes of constructing universal matrix-normed spaces and algebras. These universal objects have the analogous universal property to the free vector space, lifting maps completely bounded on a generation set to a completely bounded linear map of the matrix-normed space. Moreover, the universal matrix-normed algebra is used to prove the existence of a free product for matrix-normed algebras using algebraic methods.Comment: 46 pages. Version 4 fixed a few minor typos. Version 3 added matricial completion; fixed an arithmetic error in Example 3.5.10. Version 2 added a preliminaries section on weighted sets and matricial Banach spaces, incorporating much of "Matricial Banach spaces" in summary; fixed a domain issue in Lemma 3.3.2; simplified Examples 3.5.10 and 4.11; added more proofs to Sections 4 and

    Matricial Banach spaces

    Full text link
    This work performs a study of the category of complete matrix-normed spaces, called matricial Banach spaces. Many of the usual constructions of Banach spaces extend in a natural way to matricial Banach spaces, including products, direct sums, and completions. Also, while the minimal matrix-norm on a Banach space is well-known, this work characterizes the maximal matrix-norm on a Banach space from the work of Effros and Ruan as a dual operator space. Moreover, building from the work of Blecher, Ruan, and Sinclair, the Haagerup tensor product is merged with the direct sum to form a Haagerup tensor algebra, which shares the analogous universal property of the Banach tensor algebra from the work of Leptin.Comment: 19 pages. This paper has been withdrawn as it has been merged with arXiv:1405.711

    Incidence Hypergraphs: Box Products & the Laplacian

    Full text link
    The box product and its associated box exponential are characterized for the categories of quivers (directed graphs), multigraphs, set system hypergraphs, and incidence hypergraphs. It is shown that only the quiver case of the box exponential can be characterized via homs entirely within their own category. An asymmetry in the incidence hypergraphic box product is rectified via an incidence dual-closed generalization that effectively treats vertices and edges as real and imaginary parts of a complex number, respectively. This new hypergraphic box product is shown to have a natural interpretation as the canonical box product for graphs via the bipartite representation functor, and its associated box exponential is represented as homs entirely in the category of incidence hypergraphs; with incidences determined by incidence-prism mapping. The evaluation of the box exponential at paths is shown to correspond to the entries in half-powers of the oriented hypergraphic signless Laplacian matrix.Comment: 34 pages, 23 figures, 4 table

    Rank-based linkage I: triplet comparisons and oriented simplicial complexes

    Full text link
    Rank-based linkage is a new tool for summarizing a collection SS of objects according to their relationships. These objects are not mapped to vectors, and ``similarity'' between objects need be neither numerical nor symmetrical. All an object needs to do is rank nearby objects by similarity to itself, using a Comparator which is transitive, but need not be consistent with any metric on the whole set. Call this a ranking system on SS. Rank-based linkage is applied to the KK-nearest neighbor digraph derived from a ranking system. Computations occur on a 2-dimensional abstract oriented simplicial complex whose faces are among the points, edges, and triangles of the line graph of the undirected KK-nearest neighbor graph on SS. In ∣S∣K2|S| K^2 steps it builds an edge-weighted linkage graph (S,L,Οƒ)(S, \mathcal{L}, \sigma) where Οƒ({x,y})\sigma(\{x, y\}) is called the in-sway between objects xx and yy. Take Lt\mathcal{L}_t to be the links whose in-sway is at least tt, and partition SS into components of the graph (S,Lt)(S, \mathcal{L}_t), for varying tt. Rank-based linkage is a functor from a category of out-ordered digraphs to a category of partitioned sets, with the practical consequence that augmenting the set of objects in a rank-respectful way gives a fresh clustering which does not ``rip apart`` the previous one. The same holds for single linkage clustering in the metric space context, but not for typical optimization-based methods. Open combinatorial problems are presented in the last section.Comment: 37 pages, 12 figure